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from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A flag, banner, or ensign, especially:
  • n. The ensign of a chief of state, nation, or city.
  • n. A long, tapering flag bearing heraldic devices distinctive of a person or corporation.
  • n. An emblem or flag of an army, raised on a pole to indicate the rallying point in battle.
  • n. The colors of a mounted or motorized military unit.
  • n. An acknowledged measure of comparison for quantitative or qualitative value; a criterion.
  • n. An object that under specified conditions defines, represents, or records the magnitude of a unit.
  • n. The set proportion by weight of gold or silver to alloy metal prescribed for use in coinage.
  • n. The commodity or commodities used to back a monetary system.
  • n. Something, such as a practice or a product, that is widely recognized or employed, especially because of its excellence.
  • n. A degree or level of requirement, excellence, or attainment.
  • n. A requirement of moral conduct. Often used in the plural.
  • n. Chiefly British A grade level in elementary schools.
  • n. A pedestal, stand, or base.
  • n. Botany The large upper petal of the flower of a pea or related plant.
  • n. Botany One of the narrow upright petals of an iris. Also called banner, vexillum.
  • n. A shrub or small tree that through grafting or training has a single stem of limited height with a crown of leaves and flowers at its apex.
  • n. Music A composition that is continually used in repertoires.
  • adj. Serving as or conforming to a standard of measurement or value.
  • adj. Widely recognized or employed as a model of authority or excellence: a standard reference work.
  • adj. Acceptable but of less than top quality: a standard grade of beef.
  • adj. Normal, familiar, or usual: the standard excuse.
  • adj. Commonly used or supplied: standard car equipment.
  • adj. Linguistics Conforming to established educated usage in speech or writing.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A level of quality or attainment.
  • n. Something used as a measure for comparative evaluations.
  • n. An object supported in an upright position.
  • n. A musical work of established popularity.
  • n. The flag or ensign carried by a military unit.
  • n. A rule or set of rules or requirements which are widely agreed upon or imposed by government.
  • n. A bottle of wine containing 0.750 liters of fluid.
  • n. One of the upright members that supports the horizontal axis of a transit or theodolite.
  • n. A manual transmission vehicle.
  • adj. Falling within an accepted range of size, amount, power, quality, etc.
  • adj. Growing on an erect stem of full height.
  • adj. Having recognized excellence or authority.
  • adj. Of a usable or serviceable grade or quality.
  • adj. Having a manual transmission.
  • adj. As normally supplied (not optional).

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A flag; colors; a banner; especially, a national or other ensign.
  • n. That which is established by authority as a rule for the measure of quantity, extent, value, or quality; esp., the original specimen weight or measure sanctioned by government, as the standard pound, gallon, or yard.
  • n. That which is established as a rule or model by authority, custom, or general consent; criterion; test.
  • n. The proportion of weights of fine metal and alloy established by authority.
  • n. A tree of natural size supported by its own stem, and not dwarfed by grafting on the stock of a smaller species nor trained upon a wall or trellis.
  • n. The upper petal or banner of a papilionaceous corolla.
  • n. An upright support, as one of the poles of a scaffold; any upright in framing.
  • n. An inverted knee timber placed upon the deck instead of beneath it, with its vertical branch turned upward from that which lies horizontally.
  • n. The sheth of a plow.
  • n. A large drinking cup.
  • adj. Being, affording, or according with, a standard for comparison and judgment.
  • adj. Hence: Having a recognized and permanent value.
  • adj.
  • adj. Not supported by, or fastened to, a wall.
  • adj. Not of the dwarf kind.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. Milit., a distinctive flag; an ensign.
  • n. In botany, same as banner, 5.
  • n. In ornithology: Same as vexillum.
  • n. A feather suggesting a standard by its shape or position. See cuts under Scmioptera and standard-bearer.
  • n. A standard-bearer; an ensign or ancient.
  • n. A weight, measure, or instrument by comparison with which the accuracy of others is determined; especially, an original standard or prototype, one the weight or measure of which is the definition of a unit of weight or measure, so that all standards of the same denomination are copies of it. The only original standard of the United States is a troy pound. See pound, yard, meter.
  • n. In coinage, the proportion of weight of fine metal and alloy established by authority.
  • n. That which is set up as a unit of reference; a form, type, example, instance, or combination of conditions accepted as correct and perfect, and hence as a basis of comparison; a criterion established by custom, public opinion, or general consent; a model.
  • n. A grade; a rank; specifically, in British elementary schools, one of the grades or degrees of attainment according to which the pupils are classified.
  • Serving as a standard or authority; regarded as a type or model; hence, of the highest order; of great worth or excellence.
  • To bring into conformity with a standard; regulate according to a standard.
  • n. An upright; a small post or pillar; an upright stem constituting the support or the main part of a utensil.
  • n. In carpentry, any upright in a framing, as the quarters of partitions, or the frame of a door.
  • n. In ship-building, an inverted knee placed on the deck instead of beneath it.
  • n. That part of a plow to which the mold-board is attached.
  • n. In a vehicle: A support for the hammer-cloth, or a support for the footman's board. See cut under coach.
  • n. An upright rising from the end of the bolster to hold the body laterally.
  • n. In horticulture: A tree or shrub which stands alone, without being attached to any wall or support, as distinguished from an espalier or a cordon.
  • n. A shrub, as a rose, grafted on an upright stem, or trained to a single stem in tree form.
  • n. A stand or frame; a horse.
  • n. A large chest, generally used for carrying plate, jewels, and articles of value, but sometimes for linen.
  • n. A standing cup; a large drinking-cup.
  • n. The chief dish at a meal.
  • n. A suit; a set. Compare stand, n., 11.
  • n. One who stands or continues in a place; one who is in permanent residence, membership, or service.
  • Standing; upright; specifically, in horticulture, standing alone; not trained upon a wall or other support: as, standard roses.
  • n. In horticulture, a fruit-tree that grows to its normal size, that is, is not dwarfed; in Great Britain, a tree or other plant that is grown to a single trunk, in distinction from one that is grown in bush form.
  • n. In forestry, a tree from 1 to 2 feet in diameter, breast-high.
  • n. Same as stand, 13.
  • n. A wholesale unit of measurement for timber. A standard of pine timber is equal to 720 feet of 11 inches × 3 inches cross-section. Also, the standard sizes of planks, as St. Petersburg, Quebec, etc.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. commonly used or supplied
  • adj. regularly and widely used or sold
  • n. the value behind the money in a monetary system
  • n. an upright pole or beam (especially one used as a support)
  • adj. conforming to or constituting a standard of measurement or value; or of the usual or regularized or accepted kind
  • n. a basis for comparison; a reference point against which other things can be evaluated
  • adj. established or well-known or widely recognized as a model of authority or excellence
  • n. any distinctive flag
  • adj. conforming to the established language usage of educated native speakers
  • n. a board measure = 1980 board feet
  • n. the ideal in terms of which something can be judged


Middle English, from Old French estandard, rallying place, probably from Frankish *standhard : *standan, to stand; + *hard, fast, hard.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English, from the Old French estandart ("gathering place, battle flag"), from Old Frankish *standhard (literally "stand firm, stand hard"), equivalent to stand +‎ -ard. Alternate etymology derives the second element from Old Frankish *ord ("point, spot, place") (compare Old English ord ("point, source, vanguard"), German Standort ("location, place, site, position, base", literally "standing-point")). More at stand, hard, ord.From Old French estendre ("to stretch out"), from Latin extendere, More at extend. (Wiktionary)



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  • STandARd. Routine v. outstanding

    April 26, 2008