Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adj. Adhering to the accepted or traditional and established faith, especially in religion.
  • adj. Adhering to the Christian faith as expressed in the early Christian ecumenical creeds.
  • adj. Of or relating to any of the churches or rites of the Eastern Orthodox Church.
  • adj. Of or relating to Orthodox Judaism.
  • adj. Adhering to what is commonly accepted, customary, or traditional: an orthodox view of world affairs.
  • n. One that is orthodox.
  • n. A member of an Eastern Orthodox church.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Adhering to whatever is traditional, customary or generally accepted.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Sound in opinion or doctrine, especially in religious doctrine; hence, holding the Christian faith; believing the doctrines taught in the Scriptures; -- opposed to heretical and heterodox.
  • adj. According or congruous with the doctrines of Scripture, the creed of a church, the decree of a council, or the like
  • adj. Adhering to generally approved doctrine or practices; conventional. Opposed to unorthodox.
  • adj. Of or pertaining to the churches of the Eastern Christian rite, especially the Greek Orthodox or Russian Orthodox churches, which do not recognize the supremacy of the Pope of Rome in matters of faith.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Holding what is regarded as the correct opinion, or correct opinions, especially in regard to religious or theological doctrines; sound in opinion or doctrine; specifically, conforming to the faith of the Church Catholic, as represented in its primitive ecumenical creeds: applied to persons or doctrines.
  • [capitalized] Of or pertaining to the Greek Church.
  • Synonyms Orthodox, Evangelical. (See the definitions of these terms.) It is natural for all who care about their doctrinal beliefs to claim the titles that indicate correctness of belief. Hence orthodox is a part of the name of the Greek Church; to the Roman Catholic orthodox means faithful to the tenets of the Roman Church; in the doctrinal contests of America orthodox has generally meant Calvinistic, especially as opposed to Unitarianism and Universalism; in England it has as generally meant High-church, as opposed to Low-church or evangelical. Evangelical, meaning in harmony with the Gospel, has been claimed somewhat similarly and for a like reason, but has been especially applied to those who emphasize the doctrine of salvation by faith in Christ alone.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. adhering to what is commonly accepted
  • adj. of or relating to or characteristic of the Eastern Orthodox Church
  • adj. of or pertaining to or characteristic of Judaism

Etymologies

Middle English orthodoxe, from Old French, from Late Latin orthodoxus, from Late Greek orthodoxos : Greek ortho-, ortho- + Greek doxa, opinion (from dokein, to think; see dek- in Indo-European roots).
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Late Latin orthodoxus, from Ancient Greek ὀρθόδοξος (orthodoxos), from ὀρθός (orthos, "straight") + δόξα (doxa, "opinion"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • The opposite is true of Christianity: The Eastern Orthodox Church gave itself the term orthodox, meaning "correct belief."

    Archive 2007-06-01

  • I am conservative (orthodox is a word that has taken on another meaning in concservative Anglican circles), so I would not support many of these statements as presented here.

    Selected heresies from the Diocese of Niagara « Anglican Samizdat

  • Although the term orthodox or orthodoxy does not occur in the

    The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 11: New Mexico-Philip

  • His Masonic erudition is about as great and as little as his proficiency in Kabbalah; he quotes Carlyle as "an authority," applies the term orthodox to French Freemasonry exclusively, whereas the developments of the Fraternity in France have always had a heterodox complexion, while his tripartite classification of the 33 degrees of that rite and of the

    Devil-Worship in France or The Question of Lucifer

  • I set to work according to the usual method, but to my sorrow I soon discovered that the method and rules in general use for Scripture exegesis, among what they called orthodox authors, were very defective and unsatisfactory.

    The Lost Ten Tribes, and 1882

  • He is not what we call orthodox; yet this is not from pride or caprice or from a desire to play a part.

    The Youth of Goethe

  • It does not include those churches known as Monophysitic churches that employ the term orthodox as part of their names.

    Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium - Recent changes [en]

  • About this: those churches known as Monophysitic churches that employ the term orthodox as part of their names.

    Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium - Recent changes [en]

  • [1] While the label orthodox is not currently exclusive to the Eastern Orthodox Church, this article will discuss the Eastern Orthodox Church which includes those bodies which date their foundation in the period of the Roman Empire in Antioch, Jerusalem, Constantinople, and Alexandria, the churches that hold they were established directly from these latter bodies including but not exclusive of Armenia, Georgia,

    Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium - Recent changes [en]

  • [1] While the label orthodox is not currently exclusive to the Eastern Orthodox Church, this article will discuss the Eastern Orthodox Church which includes the original churches that were established during the period of the Roman Empire in Antioch, Jerusalem, Constantinople, Alexandria and Rome, the churches that were established directly from them including but not exclusive of Armenia, Georgia, Russia,

    Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium - Recent changes [en]

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