from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A person belonging to the middle class.
  • n. A person whose attitudes and behavior are marked by conformity to the standards and conventions of the middle class.
  • n. In Marxist theory, a member of the property-owning class; a capitalist.
  • adj. Of, relating to, or typical of the middle class.
  • adj. Held to be preoccupied with respectability and material values.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Of or relating to the middle class, especially its attitudes and conventions.
  • adj. Belonging to the middle class.
  • adj. Conventional, conservative and materialistic.
  • adj. Of or relating to capitalist exploitation of the proletariat.
  • n. The middle class.
  • n. An individual member of the middle class.
  • n. A person with bourgeois values and attitudes.
  • n. An individual member of the bourgeoisie, one of the three estates.
  • n. Anyone deemed to be an exploiter of the proletariat, a capitalist.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A size of type between long primer and brevier. See type.
  • n. A man of middle rank in society; one of the shopkeeping class.
  • n. See 1st bourgeois.
  • n. A burgess; a citizen. See 2d bourgeois.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. In France, a citizen; a burgher; a man of middle rank.
  • n. A small French coin of the fourteenth century.
  • Belonging to or consisting of trades-people or citizens of middle rank: as, bourgeois surroundings; the bourgeois class of France.
  • Wanting in dignity or refinement; common; mean.
  • n. A size of printing-type measuring about 100 lines to the foot, next larger than brevier and smaller than long-primer.
  • n. This line is printed in bourgeois.
  • n. See bourgeois.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. conforming to the standards and conventions of the middle class
  • adj. belonging to the middle class
  • adj. (according to Marxist thought) being of the property-owning class and exploitive of the working class
  • n. a capitalist who engages in industrial commercial enterprise
  • n. a member of the middle class


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

French, from Old French burgeis, citizen of a town, from bourg, bourg; see bourg.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Borrowed from French bourgeois ("a class of citizens who were wealthier members of the Third Estate"), from Anglo-Norman burgeis ("town dweller"), from Old French borjois, from borc ("town"), from Proto-Germanic *burgz (“fortress”), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrgʰ- (“fortified elevation”). The path from Proto-Germanic to Old French is unclear. Perhaps via Frankish *burg or Late Latin *burgus, or possibly both. See also the related word burgess.


  • _Le bourgeois et sa dame_ would watch them with kindly interest, deeming it a kindness not to tell them that there were no trains after twelve; and when the lovers at last determined that they must depart, _le bourgeois_ and _la bourgeoise_ would tell them that their room was quite ready, that there was no possibility of returning to Paris that night.

    Memoirs of My Dead Life

  • He, for example, coined the term bourgeois, as we understand it.

    Making Patriots

  • She laughed heartily, teased Paul about his accent and what she called his bourgeois ideas.

    The Nabob, Vol. 2 (of 2)

  • Tell a plains Indian that he has failed to steal horses from the neighboring tribe, or tell a man living in bourgeois society that he has failed to pay his bills at the neighboring grocer's, and the results are the same.

    The Somnambulists

  • Each, plains Indian and bourgeois, is smeared with a slightly different veneer, that is all.

    The Somnambulists

  • It was on a par with all the rest that Brissenden had condemned in bourgeois society.

    Chapter 40

  • Many true libertarians (most of whom have nothing to do with politics) still believe in bourgeois values as a guidline for thier lives.

    Libertarians and the Old Right « Blog

  • To identify a given ideology and theoretical position as bourgeois, or petty bourgeois, is often valid; but it is never sufficient.

    A Bland and Deadly Courtesy

  • A proprietor who had capital enough to invest in trading goods and supplies was called a bourgeois.

    Champlain's Dream

  • But I include in the word bourgeois, the bourgeois in blouses as well the bourgeois in coats.

    The George Sand-Gustave Flaubert Letters


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