Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • adjective Relating to, situated in, or extending toward the middle; median.
  • adjective Linguistics Being a sound, syllable, or letter occurring between the initial and final positions in a word or morpheme.
  • adjective Mathematics Being or relating to an average or a mean.
  • adjective Average; ordinary.
  • noun A voiced stop, such as (b), (d), or (g).
  • noun A sound, letter, or form of a letter that is neither initial nor final.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun In entomology, same as median vein (which see, under median).
  • noun In geometry, same as median, 1.
  • Pertaining to the middle; situated or existing between two extremities or extremes; intermediate in situation, rank, or degree: as, the medial letters of a word; a medial mark on an insect's wing.
  • Mean: pertaining to a mean or average.
  • In modern spiritualism, pertaining to a medium or to mediumship; mediumistic: as, medial faculties; medial phenomena.
  • In zoology and anatomy, same as median and mesal.
  • In botany, same as median.
  • In modern music, a cadence, final or not, in which the next to the last chord is inverted; an inverted cadence.
  • noun In Gr. grammar, one of the mutes β, γ, δ, as if intermediate in sound between the surd mutes π, κ, τ and the aspirates φ, χ, θ. The term medial (Latin media) translates the technical Greek μέσον, sc. α%27φωνον, middle mute.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • adjective Of or pertaining to a mean or average; mean.
  • noun (Phonetics) See 2d media.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • adjective Of or pertaining to a mean or average.
  • adjective anatomy Pertaining to the inside; closer to the midline.
  • noun One or more letters that occur in the middle of a word.
  • noun Any of various things that occur in the middle.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adjective dividing an animal into right and left halves
  • adjective relating to or situated in or extending toward the middle

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Late Latin mediālis, from Latin medius, middle; see medhyo- in Indo-European roots.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Latin mediālis.

Examples

  • On the medial side of the foot from behind forward may be felt the _medial process (internal tuberosity) _ of the calcaneus; the _sustentaculum tali_, which lies about 1 inch vertically below the tip of the malleolus; the _tubercle of the navicular_, about 1 inch in front of the malleolus, and at a slightly lower level; the _first (internal) cuneiform_, and the base, shaft, and head of the _first metatarsal_.

    Manual of Surgery Volume Second: Extremities—Head—Neck. Sixth Edition.

  • Basically, if you have the data to show that this person or these people got sick because of this exposure the the spiller is actually required to do this long term medial surveillance and help the people, pay for the people to get better.

    Jerry Cope: The Jaws Syndrome; Life Imitates Art On The Gulf Coast; The Crime of the Century Pt II

  • Basically, if you have the data to show that this person or these people got sick because of this exposure the the spiller is actually required to do this long term medial surveillance and help the people, pay for the people to get better.

    Jerry Cope: The Jaws Syndrome; Life Imitates Art On The Gulf Coast; The Crime of the Century Pt II

  • A region in the very center of the thalamus called the medial nuclei also makes the sort of distinction that is interpreted by us as "pleasant" or "unpleasant."

    The Human Brain

  • I have seen the archaic patterns of concentric circles and fish spines, (or whatever we call the medial line with slanting side lines,) neatly designed in white on the flag stones in front of cottage doors in Galloway.

    The Clyde Mystery a Study in Forgeries and Folklore

  • The key areas of the brain identified -- one called the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and another called the posterior cingulate cortex (PCC) -- are the subject of debate among neuroscientists, but the PCC is thought by many to have a role in consciousness and self-identity.

    msnbc.com: Top msnbc.com headlines

  • The key areas of the brain identified -- one called the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and another called the posterior cingulate cortex (PCC) -- are the subject of debate among neuroscientists, but the PCC is thought by many to have a role in consciousness and self-identity.

    Reuters: Press Release

  • The 33-year-old centre has been troubled most recently by hamstring problems, adding to a long term medial knee ligament injury.

    Six Nations Under18 Festival News

  • "Shopping, orgasm, learning, highly calorific foods, gambling, prayer," he says, "they all evoke neural signals that converge on a small group of interconnected brain areas called the medial forebrain pleasure circuit."

    Pleasure by David Linden - review

  • But the partially complete Ardi skeleton has generated the most discussion, especially over a bone from the base of her big toe called the medial cuneiform.

    Catch a Pithecus by the Toe

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