from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • adjective Of, relating to, located in, or coming from the pharynx.
  • noun A speech sound produced in the pharynx.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • Of or pertaining to the pharynx; entering into the structure of the pharynx: as, a pharyngeal artery, vein, nerve, muscle, gland, etc.
  • Having a pharynx; specifically, of or pertaining to the Pharyngea: as, a pharyngeal planarian.
  • Having ankylosed pharyngeal bones, as a fish; pharyngognathous.
  • Superior. Same as pterygopalatine artery (which see, under pterygopalatine).
  • The pharyngeal bones when they have a jaw-like form or function.
  • A plexus of veins on the outer surface of the pharynx.
  • noun A structure which enters into the composition of the pharynx: as, the ascending pharyngeal, a branch of the external carotid artery, given off at or near the origin of the latter; the ankylosed pharyngeals (bones) of some fishes.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the pharynx; in the region of the pharynx.
  • noun (Anat.) A pharyngeal bone or cartilage; especially, one of the lower pharyngeals, which belong to the rudimentary fifth branchial arch in many fishes, or one of the upper pharyngeals, or pharyngobranchials, which are the dorsal elements in the complete branchial arches.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • adjective Of or pertaining to the pharynx.
  • adjective phonetics Articulated with the pharynx, a term usually describing a consonant which is articulated by the rear area of the tongue being raised to below the region between the uvula and the pharyngeal wall. The term cannot apply to a plosive or stop consonant.
  • noun phonetics A sound that is articulated with the pharynx.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun a consonant articulated in the back of the mouth or throat
  • adjective of or relating to the throat


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[From New Latin pharyngeus, from pharynx, pharyng-, pharynx; see pharynx.]



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