from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adj. Physically powerful; capable of exerting great physical force.
  • adj. Marked by great physical power: a strong blow to the head.
  • adj. In good or sound health; robust: a strong constitution; a strong heart.
  • adj. Economically or financially sound or thriving: a strong economy.
  • adj. Having force of character, will, morality, or intelligence: a strong personality.
  • adj. Having or showing ability or achievement in a specified field: students who are strong in chemistry.
  • adj. Capable of the effective exercise of authority: a strong leader.
  • adj. Capable of withstanding force or wear; solid, tough, or firm: a strong building; a strong fabric.
  • adj. Having great binding strength: a strong adhesive.
  • adj. Not easily captured or defeated: a strong flank; a strong defense.
  • adj. Not easily upset; resistant to harmful or unpleasant influences: strong nerves; a strong stomach.
  • adj. Having force or rapidity of motion: a strong current.
  • adj. Persuasive, effective, and cogent: a strong argument.
  • adj. Forceful and pointed; emphatic: a strong statement.
  • adj. Forthright and explicit, often offensively so: strong language.
  • adj. Extreme; drastic: had to resort to strong measures.
  • adj. Having force of conviction or feeling; uncompromising: strong faith; a strong supporter.
  • adj. Intense in degree or quality: a strong emotion; strong motivation.
  • adj. Having an intense or offensive effect on the senses: strong light; strong vinegar; strong cologne.
  • adj. Clear and loud: a strong voice.
  • adj. Readily noticeable; remarkable: a strong resemblance; a strong contrast.
  • adj. Readily detected or received: a strong radio signal.
  • adj. Having a high concentration of an essential or active ingredient: mixed a strong solution of bleach and water.
  • adj. Containing a considerable percentage of alcohol: strong punch.
  • adj. Powerfully effective: a strong painkiller.
  • adj. Characterized by a high degree of saturation.
  • adj. Having a specified number of units or members: a military force 100,000 strong.
  • adj. Marked by steady or rising prices: a strong market.
  • adj. Linguistics Of or relating to those verbs in Germanic languages that form their past tense by a change in stem vowel, and their past participles by a change in stem vowel and sometimes by adding the suffix -(e)n, as sing, sang, sung or tear, tore, torn.
  • adj. Linguistics Of or relating to the inflection of nouns or adjectives in Germanic languages with endings that historically did not contain a suffix with an n.
  • adj. Stressed or accented in pronunciation or poetic meter. Used of a word or syllable.
  • adv. In a strong, powerful, or vigorous manner; forcefully: a salesperson who comes on too strong.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Capable of producing great physical force.
  • adj. Capable of withstanding great physical force.
  • adj. fast moving water, wind, etc, which has a lot of power.
  • adj. Determined; unyielding.
  • adj. Highly stimulating to the senses.
  • adj. Having an offensive or intense odor or flavor.
  • adj. Having a high concentration of an essential or active ingredient.
  • adj. Having a high alcoholic content.
  • adj. Inflecting in a different manner than the one called weak, such as Germanic verbs which change vowels
  • adj. Not easily subdued or taken.
  • adj. Impressive, good.
  • adj. Having a specified number of people or units.
  • adj. severe (very bad or intense)
  • adj. having a wide range of logical consequences.
  • adv. In a strong manner.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Having active physical power, or great physical power to act; having a power of exerting great bodily force; vigorous.
  • adj. Having passive physical power; having ability to bear or endure; firm; hale; sound; robust
  • adj. Solid; tough; not easily broken or injured; able to withstand violence; able to sustain attacks; not easily subdued or taken
  • adj. Having great military or naval force; powerful
  • adj. Having great wealth, means, or resources.
  • adj. Reaching a certain degree or limit in respect to strength or numbers.
  • adj. Moving with rapidity or force; violent; forcible; impetuous
  • adj. Adapted to make a deep or effectual impression on the mind or imagination; striking or superior of the kind; powerful; forcible; cogent
  • adj. Ardent; eager; zealous; earnestly engaged
  • adj. Having virtues of great efficacy; or, having a particular quality in a great degree
  • adj. Full of spirit; containing a large proportion of alcohol; intoxicating.
  • adj. Affecting any sense powerfully
  • adj. Solid; nourishing.
  • adj. Well established; firm; not easily overthrown or altered
  • adj. Violent; vehement; earnest; ardent.
  • adj. Having great force, vigor, power, or the like, as the mind, intellect, or any faculty.
  • adj. Vigorous; effective; forcible; powerful.
  • adj. Tending to higher prices; rising.
  • adj.
  • adj. Pertaining to, or designating, a verb which forms its preterit (imperfect) by a variation in the root vowel, and the past participle (usually) by the addition of -en (with or without a change of the root vowel); as in the verbs strive, strove, striven; break, broke, broken; drink, drank, drunk. Opposed to weak, or regular. See Weak.
  • adj. Applied to forms in Anglo-Saxon, etc., which retain the old declensional endings. In the Teutonic languages the vowel stems have held the original endings most firmly, and are called strong; the stems in -n are called weak other constant stems conform, or are irregular.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Possessing, exerting, or imparting force or energy, physical or moral, in a general sense; powerful; forcible; effective; capable; able to do or to suffer.
  • Having vital force or capability; able to act effectively; endued with physical vigor; used absolutely, physically powerful; robust; muscular: as, a strong body; a strong hand or arm.
  • Having means for exerting or resisting force; provided with adequate instrumentalities; powerful in resources or in constituent parts: as, a strong king or kingdom; a strong army; a strong corporation or mercantile house.
  • Having or consisting of a large number, absolutely or relatively; numerically forcible or well provided: usually implying also some special element of strength in some or all of the units composing the number: as, a strong detachment of troops; a strong political party.
  • Of specified numerical force; having so many constituent members: applied to armies, and sometimes to other bodies of men, or to animals.
  • Exerting or capable of characteristic force; powerful in the kind or mode of action implied; specifically, forceful or efficient: as, a strong painter or actor; a strong voice; strong eyes.
  • Vigorous in exercise or operation; acting in a firm or determined manner; not feeble or vacillating: used of the mind or any of its faculties: as, a strong-minded person; a strong intellect, memory, judgment, etc.
  • Possessing moral or mental force; firm in character, knowledge, conviction, influence, or the like; not easily turned, resisted, or refuted: as, a strong candidate; a strong reasoner.
  • Marked by force or vigor of performance; done, executed, produced, or uttered energetically; effected by earnest action or effort; strenuous; stressful; urgent.
  • Marked by force of action or movement; vigorously impelled or sent forth; impetuous; violent; vehement: as, a strong wind; strong tides; strong breathing.
  • Firm in substance or texture; capable of resisting physical force; not weak; not easily broken, rent, or destroyed: said of material things.
  • Solid.
  • Firmly fixed or constituted; having inherent force or validity; hard to affect or overcome; sound; stable; settled: as, a strong constitution or organization (of body, mind, government, etc.); strong arguments, reasons, or evidence; to take a strong hold, or get a strong advantage; a strong project.
  • Vigorous or extreme in kind; specifically, distinct or exceptional; bold; striking; effective; forceful; conspicuous: as, strong invectives; a strong attraction.
  • Intense or thorough in quality; having a high degree of the proper specific character; not mild, weak, dull, insipid, or ineffective: as, strong drink; strong tea; a strong infusion; strong lights and shadows; a strong color.
  • Intense or intensified in degree; existing in great amount or force; forcibly impressive to feeling or sensation: used of either active or passive qualities: as, strong love or devotion; a strong flavor or scent.
  • Forcibly offensive in quality; repellent to sense or sensation; ill-tasting or ill-smelling; rank; rancid; tainted.
  • In com., specifically, firm; favorable to gain; steadily good or advancing; active; profitable: as, a strong market; strong prices; to do a strong business.
  • In grammar, inflected— as a verb, by a change of the radical vowel instead of by regular syllabic addition: opposed to weak: thus, find (found), speak (spake or spoke, spoken), strike (struck, stricken), and swim (swam, swum) are strong verbs
  • as a noun or an adjective, with fuller retention of older case-distinctions: thus, German Buch is called of strong declension, and Held of weak.
  • In photography, same as dense, 3.
  • Aqua fortis, or some other strong biting acid.
  • Synonyms Sturdy, Stout, etc. (see robust); hardy, sinewy.
  • Potent.
  • Tenacious, tough.
  • Impregnable.
  • Vivid.
  • Pungent, sharp.
  • Strongly; very; exceedingly.
  • An obsolete past participle of string.
  • Tenacious, so that the particles when compressed separate with difficulty: used of molding-sand containing a large proportion of alumina or clay.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. of verbs not having standard (or regular) inflection
  • adj. having strength or power greater than average or expected
  • adj. immune to attack; incapable of being tampered with
  • adj. of good quality and condition; solidly built
  • adj. not faint or feeble
  • adj. strong and sure
  • adj. having or wielding force or authority
  • adj. having a strong physiological or chemical effect
  • adj. being distilled rather than fermented; having a high alcoholic content
  • adj. freshly made or left


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Middle English, from Old English strang.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle English strong, from Old English strang, from Proto-Germanic *strangaz, from Proto-Indo-European *streng-, *strenk- (“taut, stiff, tight”). Compare Dutch, German, and Danish streng.


  • -- There is certainly a strong likeness between the Marquis and Lord Darcey; -- _so strong_, that when I first beheld his Lordship I was quite struck with surprize.

    Barford Abbey

  • "_Make him strong, O God, -- make him strong_," requested William Sewall, fervently.

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  • They say, poor suitors have strong breaths; they shall know we have _strong arms, too_.

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  • The Flexi retractable leash advertised a “strong reliable braking system, ” which I figured I needed for my strong-willed, and strong pulling puppy (we’re working on that in training, but for now, I need something strong and reliable).

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  • Other than that, I’m talking about how many different strong flours you can get in the UK; which I’m kind of jealous of I usually pack strong flour in my suitcases whevener I visit British friends – strong flour, extra strong flour… We definitely don’t get flour labelled as ’strong flour’ here in France; may be I’ll have to wait.

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  • "'Yes!' returned the other; 'but I want a strong one -- _strong_, do you hear?'

    The Boy Scouts Book of Campfire Stories

  • For you'll have learned that only the strong can afford to act at all, and that they can do right or wrong as they please _because they are strong_. "

    Susan Lenox: Her Fall and Rise, Volume I

  • Trichet said "risks to the outlook for price stability are to the upside" and "strong vigilance" is necessary — the term "strong vigilance" is regarded by economists as code for an increase at next month's meeting.

    European Central Bank signals rate hike likely in July

  • Well, we're not going to get specific, but we're not using the term strong growth.

  • German government bonds dipped when Mr. Trichet used the phrase "strong vigilance" but climbed after the ECB lowered its forecast for euro-zone gross domestic product.

    Europe Bank Chief Signals Rate Rise


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  • "I am a strong believer in strong personalities and strong opinions. That's how the best decisions are made."

    - Barack Obama, quoted in 'Obama names former rival Clinton as secretary of state',, 1 Dec 2008.

    December 5, 2008