from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adj. Full of health and strength; vigorous.
  • adj. Powerfully built; sturdy. See Synonyms at healthy.
  • adj. Requiring or suited to physical strength or endurance: robust labor.
  • adj. Rough or crude; boisterous: a robust tale.
  • adj. Marked by richness and fullness; full-bodied: a robust wine.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Evincing strength; indicating vigorous health; strong; sinewy; muscular; vigorous; sound; as, a robust body; robust youth; robust health.
  • adj. Violent; rough; rude.
  • adj. Requiring strength or vigor; as, robust employment.
  • adj. Sensible (of intellect etc.); straightforward, not given to or confused by uncertainty or subtlety;
  • adj. Designed or evolved in such a way as to be resistant to total failure despite partial damage.
  • adj. Resistant or impervious to failure regardless of user input or unexpected conditions.
  • adj. Not greatly influenced by errors in assumptions about the distribution of sample errors.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Evincing strength; indicating vigorous health; strong; sinewy; muscular; vigorous; sound.
  • adj. Violent; rough; rude.
  • adj. Requiring strength or vigor.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Having or indicating great strength; strong; lusty; sinewy; muscular; sound; vigorous: as, a robust body; robust youth; robust health.
  • Violent; rough; rude.
  • Requiring vigor or strength: as, robust employment.
  • In zoology, stout; thick: as, a robust joint; robust antennæ.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. marked by richness and fullness of flavor
  • adj. rough and crude
  • adj. strong enough to withstand or overcome intellectual challenges or adversity
  • adj. sturdy and strong in form, constitution, or construction


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Latin rōbustus, from rōbur, rōbus, oak, strength; see reudh- in Indo-European roots.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Latin rōbustus, from rōbur, rōbus ("strength", "hard timber", "oak").


  • WORDS ACCENTED ON THE LAST SYLLABLE: address _address'_ adept _adept'_ adult _adult'_ ally _ally'_ commandant _commandänt '(ä as in arm) _ contour _contour'_ dessert _dessert'_ dilate _dilate'_ excise _eksiz'_ finance _finance'_ grimace _grimace'_ importune _importune'_ occult _occult'_ pretence _pretence'_ research _research'_ robust _robust'_ romance _romance'_ tirade _tirade'_

    Practical Grammar and Composition

  • Chris Christie and the mayors of Trenton and Newark last month in what she called a "robust discussion to be creative in an era of shrinking resources."

    Camden, N.J., to rehire 50 police, 15 firefighters

  • She said she remains satisfied with what she termed their "robust" commitment to democracy and broad engagement with Libyans from across the political spectrum.

    Clinton: No Decision to Arm Libyan Rebels

  • When I hear the phrase "going forward" or the word "robust" from a management type, I start to fear I may be in the presence of a David Brent.

    Dave Ellis an Englishman excelling for France at the Rugby World Cup | Richard Williams

  • But certainly, we're prepared to use what we call robust actions.

    CNN Transcript Dec 6, 2008

  • SCHIAVONE: Lou, President Bush acknowledged Law Day with a proclamation, affirming the nation's commitment to what he called a robust system of ordered liberty -- Lou.

    CNN Transcript May 1, 2008

  • HENRY: Now, the secretary said that there would need to be what she called a robust international peacekeeping force at some point on the ground in Lebanon, but she also said she does not anticipate that there while be U.S. boots on the ground needed in that peacekeeping effort.

    CNN Transcript Jul 21, 2006

  • They expect to have what they call a robust force that's prepared for anything -- Anderson.

    CNN Transcript Mar 29, 2003

  • Despite what he calls a "robust" international military presence near the strait, Iran could cause problems with asymmetrical attacks.


  • That's what we call a robust result, and standard practice is to aim for robust results.

    Open Reading Frame


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  • So...he has to be "nice." ;-)

    September 1, 2009

  • I had an email today asking me if I would like to be a Santa for an electronic goods and homewares retailer:

    "Type: Unfortunately, as we are dealing with Harvey Norman, Santa needs to be the typical white variety. Ideally a robust built person no younger than 45yrs up to 65 yrs who can carry of the 'jolly old st nick' stereotype."

    - private communication, 1 September 2009.

    September 1, 2009

  • Ha!

    June 19, 2009

  • Right, as in, "I'd like you to draw up an effervescent contract with that ebullient author, Mr. Reesetee!"

    June 18, 2009

  • I've been trying to come up with a new one to change things up a bit. Maybe I'll use a Goodduder. :-)

    June 18, 2009

  • Ha ha! Then see how many times your supervisor uses it! While you're at it, slip in a really good one, like from Dr. Gooddude's list!

    June 18, 2009

  • I made the apparent mistake of using this word in a book proposal ("a robust guide to...) a few months ago. Since then, my supervisor has used it approximately 53,435 times to describe everything from a book contract to the weather for the upcoming weekend.

    Next time, I'll just say "nice." :-\

    June 18, 2009