from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Being in agreement or accord: remarks consonant with our own beliefs.
- adj. Corresponding or alike in sound, as words or syllables.
- adj. Harmonious in sound or tone.
- n. A speech sound produced by a partial or complete obstruction of the air stream by any of various constrictions of the speech organs, such as (p), (f), (r), (w), and (h).
- n. A letter or character representing such a speech sound.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A sound that results from the passage of air through restrictions of the oral cavity; any sound that is not the dominant sound of a syllable, the dominant sound generally being a vowel.
- n. A letter representing the sound of a consonant.
- adj. Characterized by harmony or agreement.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Having agreement; congruous; consistent; according; -- usually followed by with or to.
- adj. Having like sounds.
- adj. harmonizing together; accordant.
- adj. Of or pertaining to consonants; made up of, or containing many, consonants.
- n. An articulate sound which in utterance is usually combined and sounded with an open sound called a vowel; a member of the spoken alphabet other than a vowel; also, a letter or character representing such a sound.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Sounding together; agreeing in sound; specifically, in music, having an agreeable and complete or final effect: said of a combination of sounds.
- Having or emitting like sounds.
- Harmonious; agreeing; congruous; consistent: followed generally by to, sometimes by with: as, this rule is consonant to Scripture and reason.
- [Attrib. use of noun.] Consisting of or relating to consonants; consonantal.
- n. An alphabetic element other than a vowel; one of the closer, less resonant and continuable, of the sounds making up a spoken alphabet; an articulate utterance which is combined, to form a syllable, with another opener utterance called a vowel.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a speech sound that is not a vowel
- adj. involving or characterized by harmony
- n. a letter of the alphabet standing for a spoken consonant
- adj. in keeping
If the last letter of the stem is a consonant, the word is said to have a _consonant stem_; if the stem ends in «-i-», the word is said to have an «i-»_stem_.
Before a vowel in the same syllable it has the value of a consonant and is called _I consonant_.
That's because English favors closed syllables (ending in consonant) while French prefers open syllables (ending in a vowel).
The Spanish tendency to add an intrusive e to English words that begin with s [consonant] is well known, as is its consequential effect on the article which leads to people saying an estation, an estatistic etc.
Thus, a syllable containing a short vowel followed by two consonants, as ng, is long, because such a syllable requires _more time_ for its pronunciation; while a syllable containing a short vowel followed by one consonant is short, because it takes _less time_ to pronounce it.
In monosyllables a single vowel before a single consonant is short; as stag, frog.
The English norm was to simplify to a single consonant, which is what we find with commissionaire and concessionaire, presumably following the pattern of the much earlier borrowing debonair, and also doctrinaire, which are recorded for the most part with a single n.
If pantheists find any of the various world views and ˜ethos™ described as consonant with their own, they may pattern their practices after those associated with such views.
A consonant is a letter that cannot be perfectly sounded without the help of a vowel; as, _b, d, f, l_.
But if the voice is held back or obstructed by the palate, tongue, teeth, or lips, one kind of the sounds called consonant sounds is made.