from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A portion, division, piece, or segment of a whole.
  • n. Any of several equal portions or fractions that can constitute a whole or into which a whole can be divided: a mixture of two parts flour to one part sugar.
  • n. A division of a literary work: a novel in three parts.
  • n. An organ, member, or other division of an organism: A tail is not a part of a guinea pig.
  • n. The external genitals.
  • n. A component that can be separated from or attached to a system; a detachable piece: spare parts for cars.
  • n. A role: He has the main part in the play.
  • n. One's responsibility, duty, or obligation; share: We each do our part to keep the house clean.
  • n. Individual endowment or ability; talent. Often used in the plural.
  • n. A region, area, land, or territory. Often used in the plural: "Minding your own business is second nature in these parts” ( Boston).
  • n. The line where the hair on the head is parted.
  • n. Music The music or score for a particular instrument, as in an orchestra.
  • n. Music One of the melodic divisions or voices of a contrapuntal composition.
  • transitive v. To divide or break into separate parts.
  • transitive v. To break up (a relationship) by separating the elements involved: parted company.
  • transitive v. To put or keep apart: No one could part the two friends.
  • transitive v. To comb (hair, for example) away from a dividing line, as on the scalp.
  • transitive v. Archaic To divide into shares or portions.
  • intransitive v. To become divided or separated: The curtain parted in the middle.
  • intransitive v. To go apart from one another; separate: They parted as friends. They were forced to part from one another. See Synonyms at separate.
  • intransitive v. To separate or divide into ways going in different directions: The road parts about halfway into the forest.
  • intransitive v. To go away; depart.
  • intransitive v. To disagree by factions: The committee parted over the issue of pay raises for employees.
  • intransitive v. Archaic To die.
  • adv. Partially; in part: part yellow, part green.
  • adj. Not full or complete; partial: a part owner of the business.
  • part with To give up or let go of; relinquish.
  • idiom for (one's) part So far as one is concerned.
  • idiom for the most part To the greater extent; generally or mostly.
  • idiom in good part Good-naturedly or with good grace; without taking offense: take a joke in good part.
  • idiom in part To some extent; partly.
  • idiom on the part of Regarding or with respect to (the one specified): Brilliant strategy on the part of Confederate forces ensured their victory at Chancellorsville.
  • idiom part and parcel A basic or essential part: Working overtime is part and parcel of my job.
  • idiom take part To join in; participate: She took part in the celebration.
  • idiom take (someone's) part To side with in a disagreement; support.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A fraction of a whole; a portion syn. transl.
  • n. A distinct element or component
  • n. A group inside a larger group syn. transl.
  • n. duty; responsibility
  • n. share, especially of a profit
  • n. Position or role (especially in a play)
  • n. A unit of relative proportion in a mixture
  • n. 3.5 centiliters of one ingredient in a mixed drink
  • n. A section of a document
  • n. The dividing line formed by combing the hair in different directions syn. transl.
  • n. The melody played or sung by a particular instrument, voice, or group of instruments or voices, within a polyphonic piece
  • n. In the Hebrew lunisolar calendar, a unit of time equivalent to 3⅓ seconds syn.
  • n. A section of land; an area of a country or other territory; region
  • n. Each of two contrasting sides of an argument, debate etc.; "hand".
  • v. To leave.
  • v. To cut hair with a parting.
  • v. To divide in two.
  • v. To be divided in two or separated.
  • v. To divide up; to share.
  • v. To leave (an IRC channel).
  • adj. Fractional; partial.
  • adv. Partly; partially; fractionally.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adv. Partly; in a measure.
  • n. One of the portions, equal or unequal, into which anything is divided, or regarded as divided; something less than a whole; a number, quantity, mass, or the like, regarded as going to make up, with others, a larger number, quantity, mass, etc., whether actually separate or not; a piece; a fragment; a fraction; a division; a member; a constituent.
  • n.
  • n. An equal constituent portion; one of several or many like quantities, numbers, etc., into which anything is divided, or of which it is composed; proportional division or ingredient.
  • n. A constituent portion of a living or spiritual whole; a member; an organ; an essential element.
  • n. A constituent of character or capacity; quality; faculty; talent; -- usually in the plural with a collective sense.
  • n. Quarter; region; district; -- usually in the plural.
  • n. Such portion of any quantity, as when taken a certain number of times, will exactly make that quantity; -- the opposite of multiple. Also, a line or other element of a geometrical figure.
  • n. That which belongs to one, or which is assumed by one, or which falls to one, in a division or apportionment; share; portion; lot; interest; concern; duty; office.
  • n.
  • n. One of the opposing parties or sides in a conflict or a controversy; a faction.
  • n. A particular character in a drama or a play; an assumed personification; also, the language, actions, and influence of a character or an actor in a play; or, figuratively, in real life. See To act a part, under Act.
  • n. One of the different melodies of a concerted composition, which heard in union compose its harmony; also, the music for each voice or instrument
  • intransitive v. To be broken or divided into parts or pieces; to break; to become separated; to go asunder
  • intransitive v. To go away; to depart; to take leave; to quit each other; hence, to die; -- often with from.
  • intransitive v. To perform an act of parting; to relinquish a connection of any kind; -- followed by with or from.
  • intransitive v. To have a part or share; to partake.
  • transitive v. To divide; to separate into distinct parts; to break into two or more parts or pieces; to sever.
  • transitive v. To divide into shares; to divide and distribute; to allot; to apportion; to share.
  • transitive v. To separate or disunite; to cause to go apart; to remove from contact or contiguity; to sunder.
  • transitive v. To hold apart; to stand between; to intervene betwixt, as combatants.
  • transitive v. To separate by a process of extraction, elimination, or secretion.
  • transitive v. To leave; to quit.
  • transitive v. To separate (a collection of objects) into smaller collections.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To divide; separate or break into parts or pieces; sever.
  • To divide into shares; distribute in parts.
  • To cause to separate; cause to go different ways; separate; sunder.
  • Specifically, to comb (the hair) away from a dividing line or parting; arrange (the hair) by dividing it more or less symmetrically.
  • To draw or hold apart; separate by intervening: as, to part combatants.
  • Nautical, to break or rend; suffer the breaking of: as, the ship parted her cable.
  • To leave; quit; depart from.
  • To mix; mingle.
  • Synonyms To sever, issever, sunder, dismember, tear asunder, disjoin, disconnect, disunite.
  • To become separated or detached; stand, fall, or move apart; separate; divide: as, her lips parted; our routes parted.
  • To break; give way; become rent, severed, or detached: as, the cable parted.
  • To let go; relinquish; give up: with with or from: as, the miser will not part with his money.
  • To go away; depart; set out; leave; retire:with from or with, to take leave of; bid farewell to.
  • To take part or have a share; share; partake.
  • Partly; partially; in some measure.
  • Technically, in assaying, to separate (silver from its alloy with gold) by dissolving out (the silver) with nitric acid.
  • To give up; part with; pay (money); shell out: as, he parted well.
  • An abbreviation of participle.
  • n. A separate division, fraction, or fragment of a whole; a section or division; a piece: as, a part of the money; a part of the true cross.
  • n. A division of a thing not separated in reality, but considered or mentioned by itself: as, the younger part of the community.
  • n. In mathematics, an exact divisor: as, three is the fourth part of twelve: the opposite of multiple, though divisor is the preferable correlative; an equal constituent portion; one of several or many equal quantities into which a thing may be divided.
  • n. An organic or essential element; a constituent division of a whole; a member; an organ: as, a vital part; the hinder parts of an animal.
  • n. In music: One of the voices or instruments involved in the production of a concerted piece or passage.
  • n. The melody or succession of tones intended for one of the voices or instruments in a harmonic or concerted piece; a voice-part.
  • n. The written or printed score which a single performer uses in the performance of concerted music: as, a horn part; to write out in parts.
  • n. Individual share; portion; moiety.
  • n. Interest; concern; share.
  • n. Share of action or influence; allotted duty; function, office, or business: as, to take an active part in public affairs.
  • n. The character assigned to an actor in a play or other like performance; a rôle; also, the words spoken by an actor in such a character.
  • n. Share of ability, mental endowment, or acquirement; in the plural, abilities; powers; facultis; talents; accomplishments.
  • n. Side or party, or the cause or interest represented by one side or party; cause: as, to take one's part; for my part, I object.
  • n. Region; quarter; place; spot.
  • n. State; condition; plight.
  • n. Act; action; conduct.
  • n. [⟨part, verb] The parting of the hair.
  • n. In grammar, one of certain leading parts of a verb-system, from which, when given, the rest can be inferred.
  • n. Synonyms Part, Piece, Section, Portion, Share, Division. Part is the general word for that which is less than the whole: as, the whole is equal to the sum of all its parts. Piece is a part taken from a whole: as, a piece of meat; the dish was broken or the tree was torn to pieces. Section is a part cut off, or viewed as cut off, from the rest: as, a section of land, of the party. Portion is often used in a stilted way where part, would be simpler and better; portion has always some suggestion of allotment or assignment: as, this is my portion; a portion of Scripture; “Father, give me the portion of goods that falleth to me” (Luke x v. 12). Share is still more suggestive of the person connected with the matter: as. his share in the work; his portion of his father's estate was $100,000,and he insisted upon receiving his share at once. A division is one of two or more parts made by design, the parts still remaining connected: as, a division of an army or a fleet, of a subject, of a country. See particle.
  • n. Abilities, Gifts, Talents, etc. See genius.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. leave
  • n. a portion of a natural object
  • n. that which concerns a person with regard to a particular role or situation
  • n. the extended spatial location of something
  • n. the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group
  • n. an actor's portrayal of someone in a play
  • adv. in part; in some degree; not wholly
  • v. force, take, or pull apart
  • v. go one's own way; move apart
  • n. one of the portions into which something is regarded as divided and which together constitute a whole
  • n. the melody carried by a particular voice or instrument in polyphonic music
  • n. a line of scalp that can be seen when sections of hair are combed in opposite directions
  • n. the part played by a person in bringing about a result
  • v. discontinue an association or relation; go different ways
  • v. come apart
  • n. assets belonging to or due to or contributed by an individual person or group
  • n. something determined in relation to something that includes it
  • n. something less than the whole of a human artifact


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Middle English, from Old French, from Latin pars, part-; see perə-2 in Indo-European roots.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle English part, from Old English part ("part") and Old French part ("part"); both from Latin partem, accusative of pars ("piece, portion, share, side, party, faction, role, character, lot, fate, task, lesson, part, member"), from Proto-Indo-European *par-, *per- (“to cut, bore”). Akin to portio ("a portion, part"), parare ("to make ready, prepare"). Displaced Middle English del, dele ("part") (from Old English dǣl ("part, distribution")), Middle English dale ("part, portion") (from Old English dāl ("portion")), Middle English sliver ("part, portion") (from Middle English sliven ("to cut, cleave"), from Old English (tō)slīfan ("to split")).



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