Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The act or process of dividing something into parts.
  • n. The state of being so divided.
  • n. Something that divides or separates, as a wall dividing one room or cubicle from another.
  • n. A wall, septum, or other separating membrane in an organism.
  • n. A part or section into which something has been divided.
  • n. Division of a country into separate, autonomous nations.
  • n. Mathematics An expression of a positive integer as a sum of positive integers.
  • n. Mathematics The decomposition of a set into a family of disjoint sets.
  • n. Computer Science A section of storage space on a hard disk.
  • n. Law Division of property, especially real estate.
  • transitive v. To divide into parts, pieces, or sections.
  • transitive v. To divide or separate by means of a partition: We partitioned off the alcove to make another bedroom.
  • transitive v. To divide (a country) into separate, autonomous nations.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. An action which divides a thing into parts, or separates one thing from another
  • n. A part of something that had been divided, each of its results.
  • n. The division of a territory into two or more autonomous ones.
  • n. A vertical structure that divides a room.
  • n. A section of a hard disk separately formatted.
  • n. A collection of non-empty, disjoint subsets of a set whose union is the set itself (i.e. all elements of the set are contained in exactly one of the subsets).
  • v. To divide something into parts, sections or shares
  • v. To divide a region or country into two or more territories with separate political status
  • v. To separate or divide a room by a partition (ex. a wall), often use with off

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The act of parting or dividing; the state of being parted; separation; division; distribution.
  • n. That which divides or separates; that by which different things, or distinct parts of the same thing, are separated; separating boundary; dividing line or space; specifically, an interior wall dividing one part or apartment of a house, a compartment of a room, an inclosure, or the like, from another
  • n. A part divided off by walls; an apartment; a compartment.
  • n. The severance of common or undivided interests, particularly in real estate. It may be effected by consent of parties, or by compulsion of law.
  • n. A score.
  • transitive v. To divide into parts or shares; to divide and distribute.
  • transitive v. To divide into distinct parts by lines, walls, etc..

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The act of parting or dividing; the act of separating into portions and distributing: as, the partition of a kingdom among several other states.
  • n. The state of being divided; division; separation; distinction.
  • n. Separate part; apartment; compartment.
  • n. That by which different parts are separated.
  • n. In architecture, a dividing wall; a wall or barrier which serves to separate one apartment from another in a building.
  • n. In botany, the division of a parted leaf; also, the wall of a cell in an ovary or fruit; a dissepiment.
  • n. In zoology, specifically, a party-wall, septum, or dissepiment.
  • n. In law, a division of property among co-owners by their agreement or by judicial proceeding.
  • n. In music. Same as score.
  • n. In logic and rhetoric, the separation of an integrate whole into its integrant parts; the separation of any whole into its parts, except that the separation of a genus into its species, or of a species into genus and difference, is not so called.
  • n. In mathematics, a mode of separating a positive whole number into a sum of positive whole numbers. Thus, the partitions of are , and
  • To divide by walls or partitions.
  • To divide into shares: as, to partition an estate.
  • To separate into parts.
  • To make a selection of elements possessing a common characteristic: as, to partition a manifold.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. (anatomy) a structure that separates areas in an organism
  • v. separate or apportion into sections
  • v. divide into parts, pieces, or sections
  • n. the act of dividing or partitioning; separation by the creation of a boundary that divides or keeps apart
  • n. (computer science) the part of a hard disk that is dedicated to a particular operating system or application and accessed as a single unit
  • n. a vertical structure that divides or separates (as a wall divides one room from another)

Etymologies

Middle English particioun, from Old French partition, from Latin partītiō, partītiōn-, from partītus, past participle of partīre, to divide, from pars, part-, part; see part.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Recorded c.1430, "division into shares, distinction," from Old French particion (modern partition), from Latin partitio ("division, portion"), from partitus, the past participle of partire ("to split (up), part(ition)"). (Wiktionary)

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