from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • prep. In or at a position above or higher than: a sign over the door; a hawk gliding over the hills.
  • prep. Above and across from one end or side to the other: a jump over the fence.
  • prep. To the other side of; across: strolled over the bridge.
  • prep. Across the edge of and down: fell over the cliff.
  • prep. On the other side of: a village over the border.
  • prep. Upon the surface of: put a coat of varnish over the woodwork.
  • prep. On top of or down upon: clubbed him over the head; tripped over the toys.
  • prep. Through the extent of; all through: walked over the grounds; looked over the report.
  • prep. Through the medium of; via: addressed us over the loudspeaker; can't tell you over the phone.
  • prep. So as to cover: put rocks over a cave entrance; threw a shawl over her shoulders.
  • prep. Up to or higher than the level or height of: The water was over my shoulders.
  • prep. Through the period or duration of: records maintained over two years.
  • prep. Until or beyond the end of: stayed over the holidays.
  • prep. More than in degree, quantity, or extent: over ten miles; over a thousand dollars.
  • prep. In superiority to: won a narrow victory over her rival; a distinct advantage over our competitors.
  • prep. In preference to: selected him over all the others.
  • prep. In a position to rule or control: The director presides over the meeting. There is no one over him in the department.
  • prep. So as to have an effect or influence on: the change that came over you.
  • prep. While occupied with or engaged in: a chat over coffee.
  • prep. With reference to; concerning: an argument over methods.
  • adv. Above the top or surface: climbed the ladder and peered over.
  • adv. Across to another or opposite side: stopped at the curb, then crossed over.
  • adv. Across the edge, brink, or brim: The coffee spilled over.
  • adv. Across an intervening space: Throw the ball over.
  • adv. Across a distance in a particular direction or at a location: lives over in England.
  • adv. To another often specified place or position: Move your chair over toward the fire.
  • adv. To one's place of residence or business: invited us over for cocktails.
  • adv. Throughout an entire area or region: wandered all over.
  • adv. To a different opinion or allegiance: win someone over.
  • adv. So as to be comprehensible, acceptable, or effective; across: eventually got my point over.
  • adv. To a different person, condition, or title: sign the property over.
  • adv. So as to be completely enclosed or covered: The river froze over. Engineers sealed the tunnel entrance over.
  • adv. Completely through; from beginning to end: Think the problem over. Let's read the memo over.
  • adv. From an upright position: kicked the bookstand over.
  • adv. From an upward position to an inverted or reversed position: turn the paper over.
  • adv. Another time; again: counted his cards over; had to do it over.
  • adv. In repetition: made me write it ten times over.
  • adv. In addition or excess; in surplus: lots of food left over.
  • adv. Beyond or until a specified time: stay a day over.
  • adv. At an end: Summer is over.
  • adj. External; outer.
  • adj. Excessive; extreme.
  • adj. Not yet used up; remaining.
  • adj. Extra; surplus.
  • n. Sports A series of six balls bowled from one end of a cricket pitch.
  • transitive v. To jump over: Horse and rider overed the stile with ease.
  • interj. Used in two-way radio to indicate that a transmission is complete and a reply is awaited.
  • idiom over against As opposed to; contrasted with.
  • idiom over and above In addition to: travel expenses over and above entertainment costs.
  • idiom over and over Again and again; repeatedly.
  • idiom over with Completely finished; done: Let's get the shopping over with.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Finished; ended or concluded.
  • adv. Again; another time; once more; over again.
  • adv. Thoroughly; completely; from beginning to end.
  • adv. From an upright position to being horizontal.
  • adv. Horizontally; left to right or right to left.
  • adv. From one position or state to another.
  • adv. Overnight (throughout the night).
  • n. A set of six legal balls bowled.
  • n. Any surplus amount of money, goods delivered, etc.
  • prep. On top of; above; higher than; further up.
  • prep. Across or spanning.
  • prep. In such a way as to cover.
  • prep. More than; to a greater degree.
  • prep. Beyond; past; exceeding; too much or too far.
  • prep. Divided by.
  • prep. As compared to.
  • prep. From one physical position to another via an obstacle that must be traversed vertically, first upwards and then downwards.
  • prep. Finished with; done with; from one state to another via a hindrance that must be solved or defeated; or via a third state that represents a significant difference from the first two.
  • prep. While using, especially while consuming.
  • prep. concerning or regarding
  • interj. In radio communications: end of sentence, ready to receive reply.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Upper; covering; higher; superior; -- chiefly used in composition.
  • adj. Excessive; too much or too great; -- chiefly used in composition.
  • adv. From one side to another; from side to side; across; crosswise.
  • adv. From one person or place to another regarded as on the opposite side of a space or barrier; -- used with verbs of motion
  • adv. From beginning to end; throughout the course, extent, or expanse of anything
  • adv. From inside to outside, above or across the brim.
  • adv. Beyond a limit; hence, in excessive degree or quantity; superfluously; with repetition.
  • adv. In a manner to bring the under side to or towards the top
  • adv. Completed; at an end; beyond the limit of continuance; finished.
  • adv. Excessively; too much or too greatly; -- chiefly used in composition.
  • n. A certain number of balls (usually four) delivered successively from behind one wicket, after which the ball is bowled from behind the other wicket as many times, the fielders changing places.
  • prep. Above, or higher than, in place or position, with the idea of covering; -- opposed to under
  • prep. Across; from side to side of; -- implying a passing or moving, either above the substance or thing, or on the surface of it.
  • prep. Upon the surface of, or the whole surface of; hither and thither upon; throughout the whole extent of
  • prep. Above; -- implying superiority in excellence, dignity, condition, or value.
  • prep. Above in authority or station; -- implying government, direction, care, attention, guard, responsibility, etc.; -- opposed to under.
  • prep. Across or during the time of; from beginning to end of
  • prep. Above the perpendicular height or length of, with an idea of measurement.
  • prep. Beyond; in excess of; in addition to; more than.
  • prep. Above, implying superiority after a contest; in spite of; notwithstanding

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • In a place or position higher than, and in a vertical direction from (the object); above in place, position, authority, etc.
  • Hence — Overlooking or overhanging.
  • Above in authority or in the exercise of power, government, supervision, or care.
  • Above in strength, dignity, excellence, value, or charm: expressing eminence or superiority as ascertained by comparison, contest, or struggle, and hence implying overcoming, victory, triumph, exultation: as, victory over temptation.
  • Above in height, extent, number, quantity, or degree; higher, deeper, or more than; upward of: as, over head and ears in debt or in love; over a thousand dollars.
  • In heraldry, resting upon and partly covering. Thus, a lion over a fesse means that the lion is charged upon the fesse, either contained within its borders or projecting beyond them, as distinguished from above, which means placed higher on the escutcheon.
  • About or upon, so as to cover; upon and around.
  • On; upon; to and fro or back and forth upon, expressing relation of repeated or continued movement or effort; through or in all parts of (often with all): as, to ramble over the fields; to pore over a book; to think over a project; to search all over the city.
  • About; concerning; in regard to; on account of: as, to cry over spilt milk; to fret over a trifle.
  • Across.
  • On the other side of.
  • Across, in such a way as to rest on and depend from: as, to carry a cloak over one's arm.
  • During the continuance or duration of; to the end of and beyond: as, to keep corn over the winter; to stay over night or over Sunday.
  • While engaged in or partaking of: as, they discussed the matter over a bowl of punch, or over a game of billiards.
  • From the other side of: as, from over the sea.
  • In the measurement of ships, machinery, and, in general, of objects which have overhanging or projecting parts (as the bowsprit of a vessel, the flywheel of an engine, etc.), in a straight line between the most widely separated extremities, inclusive of such parts or projections.
  • Synonyms Over, Above. Above expresses greater elevation, but not necessarily in or near a perpendicular direction; over expresses perpendicularity or something near it: thus, one cloud may be above another, without being over it. Over often implies motion or extension where above would not; hence the difference in sense of the flying of a bird over or above a house, the hanging of a branch over or above a wall. In such uses over seems to represent greater nearness.
  • On the top or surface; on the outside.
  • In all parts; in all directions; throughout: often with all. See all over, under all.
  • From side to side; in extent or width; across.
  • Across from this or that side (to the other); across an intervening space to the other side.
  • Yonder; in the distance; in a direction indicated: as, over by the hill; over yonder.
  • By actual and complete transference into the possession or keeping of another: as, to make over property to one; to deliver over prisoners; to hand over money.
  • So as to reverse (something); so as to show the other or a different side: as, to roll or turn a stone over.
  • Above the top, brim, rim, or edge: as, the pot boils over.
  • Throughout; from beginning to end; thoroughly.
  • In excess; beyond that which is assigned or required; left; remaining: as, nineteen contains five three times and four over.
  • In or to an excessive degree; too; excessively: as, to be over careful; over hot; over hasty: in this sense commonly written as in composition, with a hyphen.
  • Again; once more: as, I will do it over.
  • In repetition or succession: as, he is rich enough to buy and sell you twice over.
  • At an end; in a state of completion or cessation; in the past: as, all is over; is the meeting over?
  • Very; in great measure or degree: as, he is not over and above well.
  • See the verbs. [Over is much used as the first element in compounds, denoting either a going or passing over, through, across, etc., as in overcast, overthrow, etc., or as a preposition with a noun, as overboard, oversea, etc., or denoting, with a verb, excess or superiority, as in overact, overcome, etc. In the last use it may be joined with almost any verb. Only a few, comparatively, of such compounds are entered in this work. As a prefix, as well as when a distinct word, over is often poetically contracted into o'er.]
  • Upper.
  • Superior.
  • Outer; serving as or intended for an outer covering: as, overshoes; an overcoat.
  • n. In cricket, the number of balls delivered between successive changes of bowlers; also, the part or section of the game played between such changes.
  • n. An excess; the amount by which one sum or quantity exceeds another.
  • To go over; leap or vault over, as in the game of leap-frog.
  • To go, pass, or climb over.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. (cricket) the division of play during which six balls are bowled at the batsman by one player from the other team from the same end of the pitch
  • adv. at or to a point across intervening space etc.
  • adv. throughout a period of time
  • adj. having come or been brought to a conclusion
  • adv. beyond the top or upper surface or edge; forward from an upright position
  • adv. over the entire area
  • adv. throughout an area


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Middle English, from Old English ofer; see uper in Indo-European roots.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Old English ofer, from Proto-Germanic *uber, from Proto-Indo-European *upér-, a comparative form of *upo; akin to Dutch over, German ober, über, Old High German ubir, ubar, Danish over, Swedish över, Icelandic yfir, Gothic 𐌿𐍆𐌰𐍂 (ufar), Latin super, Ancient Greek ὑπέρ (hupér), Albanian epër ("superior"), Sanskrit उपरि (upari).


  • The praise and much of the intro for U2 was warranted… but Bono had to keep sliding back into the topic at hand (the aids epidemic in Africa) over and over… as if it were some cheap commercial plug in…

    ugotsoul Diary Entry

  • Having passed the Styx, (much the smallest of the rivers,) you walk over a pile of large rocks, and are on the banks of Lethe; and looking back, you will see a line of men and women descending the high hill from the cave, which runs _over_ the river Styx.

    Rambles in the Mammoth Cave, during the Year 1844 By a Visiter

  • ’ Scott has grown-up to be a brisk-hearted jovial young man and Advocate: in vacation-time he makes excursions to the Highlands, to the Border Cheviots and Northumberland; rides free and far, on his stout galloway, through bog and brake, over the dim moory Debatable Land, —over Flodden and other fields and places, where, though he yet knew it not, his work lay.

    Paras. 25-49

  • [_Her tresses fall suddenly over her head, as she is leaning out so, and stream over_ PÉLLÉAS]

    Pélléas and Mélisande

  • He esteems those who staunchly oppose him, and seeks to gain them over by generosity: for those who _come over_ he ever has a secret contempt; for those who desert him, hatred.

    The Life of Napoleon I (Volume 2 of 2)

  • _Lie down and roll over and over_, as fast as you can.

    The Child's Day

  • Roll the third log over the lower ropes and make the weaving loop as with the other two, _always_ crossing the lower rope _over_ the upper (Fig. 43).

    On the Trail An Outdoor Book for Girls

  • Bring down the upper ropes over the second log (Fig. 41), cross the lower ropes _over_ the upper ones and turn them back (Fig. 42).

    On the Trail An Outdoor Book for Girls

  • Bring the knotted end over the long twine, forming a bight, then _over_ and _under_ its own twine with the single tie (_H_).

    On the Trail An Outdoor Book for Girls

  • One day Betty was looking over from Mary Beck's and saw that the east window and the pear-tree branch were in plain sight; so the two girls invented a system of signals: one white handkerchief meant _come over_, and two meant _no_, but a single one in answer was for _yes_.

    Betty Leicester A Story For Girls


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  • Cricket - a set of six legitimately-bowled balls from one end of the ground. After an over the umpire calls "Over" at which point the game is not over, it simply switches to the other end. For the next over.

    November 30, 2007

  • Contronymic in the sense: finished vs. reinitiated.

    January 27, 2007