from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adv. In or to a higher position: looking up.
  • adv. In a direction opposite to the center of the earth or a comparable gravitational center: up from the lunar surface.
  • adv. In or to an upright position: sat up in bed.
  • adv. Above a surface: coming up for air.
  • adv. So as to detach or unearth: pulling up weeds.
  • adv. Above the horizon: as the sun came up.
  • adv. Into view or existence: draw up a will.
  • adv. Into consideration: take up a new topic.
  • adv. In or toward a position conventionally regarded as higher, as on a scale, chart, or map: temperatures heading up; up in Canada.
  • adv. To or at a higher price: stocks that are going up.
  • adv. So as to advance, increase, or improve: Our spirits went up.
  • adv. With or to a greater intensity, pitch, or volume: turn the sound up.
  • adv. Into a state of excitement or turbulence: stir up; rouse up.
  • adv. Completely; entirely: drank it up in a gulp; fastened up the coat.
  • adv. Used as an intensifier of the action of a verb: typed up a list.
  • adv. So as to approach; near: came up and kissed me.
  • adv. To a stop: pulled up in front of the station.
  • adv. Each; apiece: The score was tied at 11 up.
  • adv. Apart; into pieces: tore it up.
  • adv. Nautical To windward.
  • adj. Being above a former position or level; higher: My grades are up. The pressure is up.
  • adj. Out of bed: was up by seven.
  • adj. Standing; erect.
  • adj. Facing upward: two cards up, one down; the up side of a tossed coin.
  • adj. Raised; lifted: a switch in the up position.
  • adj. Moving or directed upward: an up elevator.
  • adj. Marked by increased excitement or agitation; aroused: Our fighting spirit was up.
  • adj. Informal Cheerful; optimistic; upbeat.
  • adj. Slang Happily excited; euphoric: After receiving the award, the performer was really up.
  • adj. Informal Taking place; going on: wondered what was up back home.
  • adj. Being considered; under study: a contract that is up for renewal.
  • adj. Running as a candidate.
  • adj. On trial; charged: The defendant is up for manslaughter.
  • adj. Having been finished; over: Your time is up.
  • adj. Informal Prepared; ready: had to be up for the game.
  • adj. Informal Well informed; abreast: not up on sports.
  • adj. Functioning or capable of functioning normally; operational: Their computers are now up.
  • adj. Sports Being ahead of one's opponent: up two strokes in golf.
  • adj. Baseball At bat.
  • adj. As a bet; at stake.
  • adj. Nautical Bound; headed: a freighter up for Panama.
  • prep. From a lower to or toward a higher point on: up the hill.
  • prep. Toward or at a point farther along: two miles up the road.
  • prep. In a direction toward the source of: up the Mississippi.
  • prep. Nautical Against: up the wind.
  • n. An upward slope; a rise.
  • n. An upward movement or trend.
  • n. Slang A feeling of excitement or euphoria.
  • transitive v. To increase: upped their fees; upping our output.
  • transitive v. To raise to a higher level, especially to promote to a higher position.
  • transitive v. Nautical To raise: up anchor; up sail.
  • intransitive v. To get up; rise.
  • intransitive v. Informal To act suddenly or unexpectedly: "She upped and perjured her immortal soul” ( Margery Allingham).
  • idiom up-and-up Informal Open and honest.
  • idiom up against Confronted with; facing: up against a strong opponent.
  • idiom up to Occupied with, especially devising or scheming: a prowler up to no good.
  • idiom up to Able to do or deal with: didn't feel up to a long drive.
  • idiom up to Dependent on: The success of this project is up to us.
  • idiom up to To the point of; as far as: I'm up to chapter 15 in my book.
  • idiom up to As long as: allowed up to two hours to finish the test.
  • idiom up to As many as: seed that yields up to 300 bushels per acre.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adv. Away from the centre of the Earth or other planet; in opposite direction to the downward pull of gravity.
  • adv. Thoroughly, completely.
  • adv. North.
  • adv. Higher in pitch.
  • adv. Larger, greater:
  • adv. Traditional term for the direction leading to the principal terminus, towards milepost zero.
  • adv. Against the wind or current.
  • adv. In a positive vertical direction.
  • adv. Relatively close to the batsman.
  • adv. Without the use of additional ice.
  • adv. Towards Cambridge or Oxford.
  • prep. Toward the top of.
  • prep. Toward the center, source, or main point of reference; toward the end at which something is attached.
  • prep. Further along (in any direction).
  • prep. Into or out of one's possession or consideration.
  • prep. From south to north of
  • adj. Awake.
  • adj. Finished, to an end
  • adj. In a good mood.
  • adj. Willing; ready.
  • adj. Next in a sequence.
  • adj. Happening; new.
  • adj. Facing upwards; facing toward the top.
  • adj. Standing.
  • adj. On a higher level.
  • adj. Available; made public.
  • adj. Of a person, informed about; abreast of; current.
  • adj. Functional; working.
  • adj. Traveling towards a major terminus.
  • adj. Headed, or designated for going, upward, as an escalator, stairway, elevator etc.
  • adj. Served chilled and strained into a stemmed glass.
  • adj. Erect.
  • adj. Above the horizon, in the sky (i.e. during daytime or night-time)
  • adj. well-known; renowned
  • n. The direction opposed to the pull of gravity.
  • n. A positive thing.
  • v. To increase or raise.
  • v. To promote.
  • v. To act suddenly, usually with another verb.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Inclining up; tending or going up; upward.
  • adv. Aloft; on high; in a direction contrary to that of gravity; toward or in a higher place or position; above; -- the opposite of down.
  • adv. From a lower to a higher position, literally or figuratively; as, from a recumbent or sitting position; from the mouth, toward the source, of a river; from a dependent or inferior condition; from concealment; from younger age; from a quiet state, or the like; -- used with verbs of motion expressed or implied.
  • adv. In a higher place or position, literally or figuratively; in the state of having arisen; in an upright, or nearly upright, position; standing; mounted on a horse; in a condition of elevation, prominence, advance, proficiency, excitement, insurrection, or the like; -- used with verbs of rest, situation, condition, and the like.
  • adv. To or in a position of equal advance or equality; not short of, back of, less advanced than, away from, or the like; -- usually followed by to or with.
  • adv. To or in a state of completion; completely; wholly; quite.
  • adv. Aside, so as not to be in use.
  • n. The state of being up or above; a state of elevation, prosperity, or the like; -- rarely occurring except in the phrase ups and downs.
  • prep. From a lower to a higher place on, upon, or along; at a higher situation upon; at the top of.
  • prep. From the coast towards the interior of, as a country; from the mouth towards the source of, as a stream.
  • prep. Upon.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • In printing, finished; noting completion of a task: as, the chapter is up; the paper is up.
  • Of position or direction: In, toward, or to a more elevated position; higher, whether vertically, or in or by gradual ascent; aloft: as, to climb up to the top of a ladder; up in a tree.
  • Specifically— In or to an erect position or posture; upright: as, to sit or stand up; to set chessmen up on the board; a stand-up collar; in a specific use, on one's feet: as, the member from A—was up—that is, was addressing the House.
  • Above the horizon: as, the moon will be up by ten o'clock.
  • At or to a source, head, center, or point of importance: as, to follow a stream up to its source; to run the eye up toward the top of a page; to go up to London from Cornwall; often, in the direction of the north pole: as, up north: sometimes noting mere approach to or arrival at any point, and in colloquial or provincial use often redundant.
  • At, toward, or to a higher point or degree in an ascending scale, as of rank, quantity, or value: in many idiomatic and colloquial phrases.
  • At, of, or to a height specified; of a particular measurement upward; as high as: usually with to or at.
  • At or to a point of equal advance, extent, or scope; abreast (of); so as not to fall short (of) or behind; not below, behind, or inferior (to): as, to catch up in a race; to keep up with the times; to live up to one's income.
  • Hence In a condition to understand, encounter, utilize, or do something; well equipped with experience, skill, or ability; equal (to): as, to be well up in mathematics; to be up to the needs of an emergency.
  • In or into activity, motion, operation, etc.
  • Specifically— Out of bed; risen from sleep.
  • In or into prominence or consideration; into or to the light: as, a missing article turns up; a question comes up for discussion; to bring up a new topic of conversation.
  • Onward to or from a specified time: as, an account up to date.
  • To complete existence, maturity, or age: as, to spring or grow up; to bring up a child properly.
  • In or into a place of storage, retirement, concealment, etc., as for safe-keeping or as not being used or required at the time; aside; by: as, to put up one's work for an hour or two; to put up medicine in a bottle.
  • In or into a state of union, contraction, closeness of parts, etc.; together; close: as, to fold up a letter; to shrivel up; to draw up cloth upon a gathering-thread; to shut up an umbrella; to add up a column of figures.
  • To the required, desired, or uttermost point; to completion or fulfilment; wholly; thoroughly; quite: as, to pay up one's debts; to burn up the fuel; to build up one's constitution; to use up one's patience.
  • To or at an end; over: specifically, in Great Britain, noting adjournment or dissolution: as, Parliament is up.
  • Open.
  • See the verbs.
  • See the verbs.
  • Here and there; to and fro; back and forth; one way and another.
  • In every particular; completely; wholly; exactly; just.
  • Downright; bluntly; without mincing matters; “without gloves”: as, to handle a matter up and down; to talk up and down: sometimes used adjectively: as, to be up and down with a person.
  • On the point of doing; about to do; planning; engaged in.
  • Upward or aloft in or on; to, toward, near, or at the top of: as, to climb up a tree.
  • To, toward, or at the source, head, center, or important part of: as, to walk up town; often, toward the interior of (a region): as, the explorers went up country.
  • Upon or on (in many senses).
  • Inclining or tending up; going up; upward: as, an up grade; an up train; an up beat in music; an up bow in violin-playing.
  • n. Used in the phrase ups and downs, rises and falls; alternate states of prosperity and the contrary; vicissitudes.
  • n. An abbreviation of United Presbyterian Church.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adv. to a higher intensity
  • adj. used up
  • adj. (usually followed by `on' or `for') in readiness
  • adv. to a more central or a more northerly place
  • v. raise
  • adj. getting higher or more vigorous
  • adv. to a later time
  • adv. spatially or metaphorically from a lower to a higher position
  • adv. nearer to the speaker
  • adj. open
  • adj. extending or moving toward a higher place
  • adj. being or moving higher in position or greater in some value; being above a former position or level
  • adj. out of bed
  • adj. (used of computers) operating properly


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Middle English up, upward and uppe, on high, both from Old English ūp.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Old English upp, from Proto-Germanic *up-.


  • Promoted to Headline (H2) on 4/4/09: GM battle 'hotting up' yahooBuzzArticleHeadline = 'GM battle \'hotting up\' '; yahooBuzzArticleSummary =' Article: India is trying to fend off GMOs, just as there is a renewed thrust on pushing GM crops in the United States, the UK, and in Europe. '

    GM battle 'hotting up'

  • However, the most important person in any such crime like in all crimes, of course is the victim, and if the victim says: "shut up about it because *you continuing to bring it up* upsets me, it was a long time ago and I don't want to have it splashed on the front pages now", that's exactly what should be done.

    Artistic Licence

  • Marley and Me: 'Two paws up' yahooBuzzArticleHeadline = 'Marley and Me: \'Two paws up\' '; yahooBuzzArticleSummary =' Article: The wonderful new movie Marley and Me shows that animals are a part of the family, for better or for worse, and when we bring them into our homes, we are making a lifetime commitment.

    Marley and Me: 'Two paws up'

  • I am all caught up on my Telly shows, and most of my comics now - I still haven't read Batman RIP so I have no idea if it ties into the events of Final Crisis or if he's absent from Robin for another reason altogether *throws hands up* does anyone know?

    One-sentence fandom catch up.

  • *Wake up, wake up* Fans teh donkey wif a luvly fezzer fan madid owt ov wild canary goldfinsh fezzers… and calls teh auto CCC…

    Care Package: - Lolcats 'n' Funny Pictures of Cats - I Can Has Cheezburger?

  • · To get up from the ground, the child ‘walks up’ his thighs with his hands.

    1) Head Control and Use of Senses

  • We must work tirelessly to make sure that every boy and girl in America who is up for adoption has a family waiting up* to reach him or her.

    Radio Address With The First Lady On Promoting Adoption

  • That is, close up, shut up, or, as is said now, "bung up," -- emphatically, "We kept true time;" and the probability is, that in saying this, Sir Toby would accompany the words with the action of pushing an imaginary door; or _sneck up_.

    Notes and Queries, Number 29, May 18, 1850

  • Yes, -- and, to confirm my suspicions, here rattle in the drums and pipe in the fifes, wooing us to get up, _get up_, with music too peremptory to be harmonious.

    The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 08, No. 45, July, 1861

  • [_Walks up and down, looks at the newspaper on the ground, picking it up_.]

    The German Classics of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, Volume 12


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  • up


    October 30, 2010

  • I like the fact that in Slovene up (a noun) means "hope".

    August 24, 2010

  • Available, common on newspaper copy desks. "Who's up?" to work a story, take a sports call, read a proof, etc. (Similar to American Heritage definitions 35-37.)

    June 2, 2010

  • I dig it in verb form, as in 'stakes,' 'ante,' 'dose,' etc.

    January 20, 2009