Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • prep. In one side and out the opposite or another side of: went through the tunnel.
  • prep. Among or between; in the midst of: a walk through the flowers.
  • prep. By way of: climbed in through the window.
  • prep. By the means or agency of: bought the antique vase through a dealer.
  • prep. Into and out of the handling, care, processing, modification, or consideration of: Her application went through our office. Run the figures through the computer.
  • prep. Here and there in; around: a tour through France.
  • prep. From the beginning to the end of: stayed up through the night.
  • prep. At or to the end of; done or finished with, especially successfully: We are through the initial testing period.
  • prep. Up to and including: a play that runs through December; a volume that covers A through D.
  • prep. Past and without stopping for: drove through a red light.
  • prep. Because of; on account of: She succeeded through hard work. He declined the honor through modesty.
  • adv. From one end or side to another or an opposite end or side: opened the door and went through.
  • adv. From beginning to end; completely: I read the article once through.
  • adv. Throughout the whole extent or thickness; thoroughly: warmed the leftovers clear through; got soaked through in the rain; a letter that was shot through with the writer's personality.
  • adv. Over the total distance; all the way: drove through to their final destination.
  • adv. To a conclusion or an accomplishment: see a matter through.
  • adj. Allowing continuous passage; unobstructed: a through street.
  • adj. Affording transportation to a destination with few or no stops and no transfers: a through bus; a through ticket.
  • adj. Continuing on a highway without exiting: through traffic; through lanes.
  • adj. Passing or extending from one end, side, or surface to another: a through beam.
  • adj. Having finished; at completion: She was through with the project.
  • adj. Having no further concern, dealings, or connection: I'm through with him.
  • adj. Having no more use, value, or potential; washed-up: That swimmer is through as an athlete.
  • adj. Doomed to death or destruction.
  • idiom through and through In every part; throughout: wet through and through.
  • idiom through and through In every aspect; completely: a success through and through.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • prep. From one side of an opening to the other.
  • prep. Entering, then later exiting.
  • prep. Surrounded by (while moving).
  • prep. By means of.
  • prep. To (or up to) and including, with all intermediate values.
  • adj. Passing from one side of an object to the other.
  • adj. Finished; complete
  • adj. Valueless; without a future.
  • adj. No longer interested.
  • adj. Proceeding from origin to destination without delay due to change of equipment.
  • adv. From one side to the other by way of the interior.
  • adv. From one end to the other.
  • adv. To the end.
  • adv. Completely.
  • adv. Out into the open.
  • n. A large slab of stone laid on a tomb.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • prep. From end to end of, or from side to side of; from one surface or limit of, to the opposite; into and out of at the opposite, or at another, point.
  • prep. Between the sides or walls of; within.
  • prep. By means of; by the agency of.
  • prep. Over the whole surface or extent of.
  • prep. Among or in the midst of; -- used to denote passage.
  • prep. From the beginning to the end of; to the end or conclusion of.
  • adv. From one end or side to the other.
  • adv. From beginning to end.
  • adv. To the end; to a conclusion; to the ultimate purpose.
  • adj. Going or extending through; going, extending, or serving from the beginning to the end; thorough; complete. Also, admitting of passage through.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. In plowing and other field-work, a single passage across the field; half of a bout.
  • From one side or end to the other side or end of; from the beginning to the end of: expressing transition or motion from or as from one point to another.
  • From the beginning to the end of; in or during the course of; coincident with: as, to enjoy good health all through life.
  • Throughout; over the whole surface or extent of; in all directions in; all over: as, to travel through the country.
  • Expressing passage in and out of, among, along, or within some yielding medium, or separable or penetrable aggregate: as, to move through the water, as a fish or a ship; to wander through the jungle; to run the fingers through the hair.
  • Expressing complete passage from one step to another in any series or course of action or treatment: as, to go through an operation; to go through college (that is a course of instruction in college); to go through a course of treatment or training.
  • Among: expressing a succession of experiences in passing along any course to ultimate exit or emergence: as, to pass through perils or tribulations.
  • By way of: expressing a preliminary or intermediate stage.
  • By means of: expressing instrumentality, means, or agency.
  • By reason of; on account of; in consequence of; out of: expressing reason or actuating principle or impulse: as, to run away through fear.
  • See the verbs.
  • From one end or side to the other: as, to pierce or bore a thing through. See thorough, adv.
  • From beginning to end: as, to read a letter through.
  • To the end; to the ultimate purpose: as, to carry a project through.
  • To the end or terminal point, as of a line of travel: as, that ticket will take you through.
  • Thoroughly.
  • See the verbs.
  • Clear; open; unobstructed.
  • That extends or goes with little or no interruption or without change from one important or distant place to another: as, a through line of railway; a through train; a through passenger.
  • That entitles to transportation to the end of the line or succession of lines by which some distant point is reached: as, a through ticket; a through bill of lading.
  • n. A stone coffin.
  • n. A through-stone; a perpend.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adv. from beginning to end
  • adj. having finished or arrived at completion
  • adv. to completion
  • adv. in diameter
  • adv. over the whole distance
  • adv. throughout the entire extent
  • adj. (of a route or journey etc.) continuing without requiring stops or changes

Etymologies

Middle English thurh, through, from Old English thurh; see terə-2 in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English *thrugh, thruch, thruh, metathetic variants of Middle English thurgh, thurh, from Old English þorh, þurh, þerh, þærh ("through, for, during, by, by means of, by use of, because of, in consequence of"), from Proto-Germanic *þerh (“through”), *þurh, from Proto-Indo-European *ter- (“through, throughout, over”). Cognate with Scots throch ("through"), West Frisian troch ("through"), Dutch door ("through"), German durch ("through"), Gothic  (þaírh, "through"), Latin trans ("across, over, through"), Albanian tërthor ("through, around"), Welsh tra ("through"). See also thorough. (Wiktionary)
From Old English þrūh (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • My lot would have loved the sun for their cycle ride to Walsingham..they were drenched through& through..i expect you would have preferred the rain!

    Horsham...

  • If we are not yet prepared to be inducted into our national mission, through providential favor, then let us come to it through the inverse method: _through Ulterior and

    The Continental Monthly, Vol. 5, No. 3, March, 1864 Devoted to Literature and National Policy

  • I'm through, just _through_ with Vashkowska and her horrid old school.

    The Trail of the Hawk A Comedy of the Seriousness of Life

  • I thought I could detect in this hoodwinking of the Department of the Interior, through the agency of some local official, who had been 'reached' by the land ring, the first move in a well-planned raid on the public domain, _through the state land office.

    The Long Chance

  • At last he was "through, just _through_ with loafing around and not getting acquainted," he told himself.

    Our Mr. Wrenn, the Romantic Adventures of a Gentle Man

  • The unity of all believers for which Christ solemnly prayed was to be accomplished through the direct agency of the apostles, the result of believing on Christ "_through_ THEIR _Word_"

    The Last Reformation

  • I dare say that the simile is not perfect—for I am very far from admitting that he who contemplates existence through the medium of ideas, sees them only “through a glass darkly, ” any more than he who sees them in their working and effects.

    Phædo. Paras. 400-499

  • As Franck pushes back through "the ink, paper, and letters of Scripture" to the Spirit and Truth which these great writings reveal, when they are read and apprehended in the light of an inward spiritual experience, so, too, he is always seeking, _through_ the historical Christ, to find the

    Spiritual Reformers in the 16th & 17th Centuries

  • The Pharisees through bein 'all stenched up an' frighted, an 'trying' to come _through_ with their supplications, they nature-ally changed the thin airs an 'humours in Flesh an' Blood.

    Puck of Pook's Hill

  • You can be of no use whatever to psychologists -- to say nothing of the actual damage you may be to the children -- unless you _know your babies through and through_.

    The Story of the Mind

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