from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adv. On high; overhead: the clouds above.
  • adv. In heaven; heavenward.
  • adv. Upstairs: a table in the dining room above.
  • adv. To a degree that is over zero: 15° above.
  • adv. In or to a higher place.
  • adv. In an earlier part of a given text: "The problems cited above have led to a number of suggestions for reform” ( Wharton Magazine).
  • adv. In or to a higher rank or position: the ranks of major and above.
  • prep. Over or higher than: a cool spring above the timberline.
  • prep. Superior to in rank, position, or number; greater than: put principles above expediency.
  • prep. Beyond the level or reach of: a shot that was heard above the music.
  • prep. In preference to.
  • prep. Too honorable to bend to: I am above petty intrigue.
  • prep. More than: somewhat above normal temperature.
  • prep. Upstream of: a dam positioned ten miles above the town.
  • prep. North of: Minnesota is above Iowa.
  • n. An earlier part of a given text: Refer to the above for that information.
  • n. The person or persons already referred to in a text: The above hereby affix their signatures.
  • adj. Appearing earlier in the same text: flaws in the above interpretation.
  • idiom above all Over and above all other factors or considerations: Above all, tell the truth.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • prep. In preference to.
  • prep. Too proud to stoop; averse to; disinclined; too honorable to give.
  • prep. Upstage.
  • prep. Beyond; on the other side.
  • adv. On the upper half or the dorsal surface of an animal.
  • n. Something, especially a person name in legal documents, that appears higher on the same page or on a preceding page.
  • n. Higher authority.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adv. In a higher place; overhead; into or from heaven.
  • adv. Earlier in order; higher in the same page; hence, in a foregoing page.
  • adv. Higher in rank or power.
  • adv. More than.
  • prep. In or to a higher place; higher than; on or over the upper surface; over; -- opposed to below or beneath.
  • prep. Figuratively, higher than; superior to in any respect; surpassing; beyond; higher in measure or degree than
  • prep. Surpassing in number or quantity; more than. (Passing into the adverbial sense. See Above, adv., 4.)

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • In or to a higher place; overhead; often, in a special sense: In or to the celestial regions; in heaven.
  • Upstairs.
  • On the upper side (opposed to beneath); toward the top (opposed to below): as, leaves green above, glaucous beneath; stems smooth above, hairy below.
  • Higher in rank or power: as, the courts above.
  • Before in rank or order, especially in a book or writing: as, from what has been said above.
  • Besides: in the expression over and above.
  • Above is often used elliptically as a noun, meaning: Heaven: as, “Every good gift … is from above,” Jas. i. 17. Preceding statement, remarks, or the like: as, from the above you will learn my object. It has the force of an adjective in such phrases as the above particulars, in which cited or mentioned is understood.
  • In or to a higher place than.
  • Superior to in any respect: often in the sense of too high for, as too high in dignity or fancied importance; too elevated in character: as, this man is above his business, above mean actions.
  • More in quantity or number than: as, the weight is above a ton.
  • More in degree than; in a greater degree than; beyond; in excess of.
  • Synonyms Over, Above. See over.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adv. at an earlier place
  • adv. in or to a place that is higher
  • n. an earlier section of a written text
  • adj. appearing earlier in the same text


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Middle English aboven, from Old English abūfan : a-, on; see a-2 + būfan, above; see upo in Indo-European roots.


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