from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. An act of referring: filed away the article for future reference.
  • n. Significance in a specified context: Her speeches have special reference to environmental policy.
  • n. Meaning or denotation.
  • n. The state of being related or referred: with reference to; in reference to.
  • n. A mention of an occurrence or situation: made frequent references to her promotion.
  • n. A note in a publication referring the reader to another passage or source.
  • n. The passage or source so referred to.
  • n. A work frequently used as a source.
  • n. A mark or footnote used to direct a reader elsewhere for additional information.
  • n. Law Submission of a case to a referee.
  • n. Law Legal actions conducted before or by a referee.
  • n. A person who is in a position to recommend another or to vouch for his or her fitness, as for a job.
  • n. A statement about a person's qualifications, character, and dependability.
  • transitive v. To supply references to: "Our memories are addressed and referenced . . . by significant fragments of their own content” ( Frederick Turner).
  • transitive v. To mention in a reference; refer to: He referenced her book in his speech. See Usage Note at allude.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A relationship or relation (to something).
  • n. A measurement one can compare to.
  • n. Information about a person, provided by someone (a referee) with whom they are well acquainted
  • n. A reference work.
  • n. A relation between objects in which one object designates, or acts as a means by which to connect to or link to, another object.
  • n. A short written identification of a previously published work which is used as a source for a text.
  • n. A previously published written work thus indicated; a source.
  • n. An object containing information which refers to data stored elsewhere, as opposed to containing the data itself.
  • n. A special sequence used to represent complex characters in a web page such as ™ or €.
  • v. to refer to, to make reference to, to cite
  • v. to mention

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The act of referring, or the state of being referred.
  • n. That which refers to something; a specific direction of the attention.
  • n. Relation; regard; respect.
  • n. One who, or that which, is referred to.
  • n. One of whom inquires can be made as to the integrity, capacity, and the like, of another.
  • n. A work, or a passage in a work, to which one is referred.
  • n.
  • n. The act of submitting a matter in dispute to the judgment of one or more persons for decision.
  • n. The process of sending any matter, for inquiry in a cause, to a master or other officer, in order that he may ascertain facts and report to the court.
  • n. Appeal.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • 1. To refer a thing to (something).
  • To assign proper references to, as to a phrase; look up and find by reference.
  • To schedule (property) to be taken for a proposed railway extension.
  • To make out a return of the number of people to be displaced by proposed railway extension.
  • n. The act of referring.
  • n. In law:
  • n. Relation; respect; regard: generally in the phrase in or with reference to.
  • n. That which is or may be referred to.
  • n. A direction in a book or writing to refer to some other place or passage: often a mere citation, as of book, chapter, page, or text.
  • n. Assignment; apportionment.
  • n. An appeal.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a remark that calls attention to something or someone
  • n. (computer science) the code that identifies where a piece of information is stored
  • n. the relation between a word or phrase and the object or idea it refers to
  • n. a short note recognizing a source of information or of a quoted passage
  • n. a formal recommendation by a former employer to a potential future employer describing the person's qualifications and dependability
  • n. the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression; the class of objects that an expression refers to
  • n. a publication (or a passage from a publication) that is referred to
  • n. an indicator that orients you generally
  • n. a book to which you can refer for authoritative facts
  • v. refer to
  • n. the act of referring or consulting


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From refer +‎ -ence.


  • As for the title reference, I know it's not Team America, but I can't remember who said it next.

    We Need a Montage!*

  • Perhaps the rain reference is just a California thing.


  • The Darwin reference is a bit daunting, considering what we do here -- no?


  • PS: for those of you who didn't get the title reference, it's take from a song sung by The Mighty Boosh.

    Soup, soup, a tasty soup, soup

  • ***If you do not get the title reference, please read this.

    SIZZLER: Jennifer Lopez Has Never Raped a Baby!*** | Best Week Ever

  • * You're on your own for the title reference this time.

    Your Right Hand Thief

  • Some by the four chariots understand the four monarchies; and then they read (v. 5), These are the four winds of the heavens, and suppose that therein reference is had to Dan.vii. 2, where Daniel saw, in vision, the four winds of the heavens striving upon the great sea, representing the four monarchies.

    Commentary on the Whole Bible Volume IV (Isaiah to Malachi)

  • Here's the funny part-and the title reference-Matt also has a blown out thumb on his mittens.

    Black Dog

  • The dancing rabbits reference is shorthand for the vast array of devices we have in the Wi-Fi junk band that's supposedly unusable spectrum in the eyes of cell carriers.

    Wi-Fi Networking News

  • Despite the title reference, Flo Rida isn't struggling to compete with a debut that spawned hits like 'Low' and 'Elevator'.

    Angry Ape


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  • "Well!" observed R. Wilfer, cheerfully, "Money and goods are certainly the best of references."

    -Our Mutual Friend, Charles Dickens

    July 31, 2009

  • "'Swamp thing.' The 80's called, they want their reference back." -erin

    May 1, 2007