Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun A contribution for the support of a government required of persons, groups, or businesses within the domain of that government.
  • noun A fee or dues levied on the members of an organization to meet its expenses.
  • noun A burdensome or excessive demand; a strain.
  • transitive verb To place a tax on (income, property, or goods).
  • transitive verb To exact a tax from.
  • transitive verb Law To assess (court costs, for example).
  • transitive verb To make difficult or excessive demands upon.
  • transitive verb To accuse; confront.
  • transitive verb To hold accountable.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun Same as collateral-inheritance tax. See collateral and death-duty.
  • To lay a burden or burdens on; make demands upon; put to a certain strain; task: as, to tax one's memory.
  • To subject to the payment of taxes; impose a tax on; levy money or other contributions from, as from subjects or citizens, to meet the expenses of government: as, to tax land, commodities, or income; to tax a people.
  • In the New Testament, to register (persons and their property) for the purpose of imposing tribute.
  • In law, to examine and allow or disallow items of charge for costs, fees, or disbursements: as, the court taxes bills of cost.
  • To accuse; charge; take to task: with of or (as now commonly) with before the thing charged.
  • To take to task; censure; blame.
  • To indulge in ridicule or satire.
  • noun A disagreeable or burdensome duty or charge; an exaction; a requisition; an oppressive demand; strain; burden; task.
  • noun An enforced proportional contribution levied on persons, property, or income, either by the authority of the state for the support of the government, and for all its public or governmental needs, or
  • noun by local authority, for general municipal purposes.
  • noun Charge; censure.
  • noun A lesson to be learned; a task.
  • noun Assessment is either the valuation of property for the purpose of its taxation;
  • noun the imposing of the tax; or
  • noun a charge on specific real property of a share of the expense of a local improvement specially benefiting that property. Tribute views the tax as laid not for the public good, but arbitrarily for the benefit of the one levying it, especially a conqueror: as, “Millions for defense, but not one cent for tribute.” Each of these words had its older, peculiar, or figurative uses. See definitions of the words, and also of subsidy.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun A charge, especially a pecuniary burden which is imposed by authority.
  • noun A charge or burden laid upon persons or property for the support of a government.
  • noun Especially, the sum laid upon specific things, as upon polls, lands, houses, income, etc..
  • noun A sum imposed or levied upon the members of a society to defray its expenses.
  • noun A task exacted from one who is under control; a contribution or service, the rendering of which is imposed upon a subject.
  • noun A disagreeable or burdensome duty or charge.
  • noun obsolete Charge; censure.
  • noun obsolete A lesson to be learned; a task.
  • noun [Eng.] a spring cart subject to a low tax.
  • transitive verb To subject to the payment of a tax or taxes; to impose a tax upon; to lay a burden upon; especially, to exact money from for the support of government.
  • transitive verb (Law) To assess, fix, or determine judicially, the amount of.
  • transitive verb To charge; to accuse; also, to censure; -- often followed by with, rarely by of before an indirect object.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun Money paid to the government other than for transaction-specific goods and services.
  • noun A burdensome demand.
  • verb transitive To impose and collect a tax from (a person).
  • verb transitive To impose and collect a tax on (something).
  • verb transitive To make excessive demands on.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • verb set or determine the amount of (a payment such as a fine)
  • verb use to the limit
  • verb make a charge against or accuse
  • noun charge against a citizen's person or property or activity for the support of government
  • verb levy a tax on

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Middle English, from taxen, to tax, from Old French taxer, from Medieval Latin taxāre, from Latin, to touch, reproach, reckon, frequentative of tangere, to touch; see tag- in Indo-European roots.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle English, from Anglo-Norman taxer ("to impose a tax"), from Latin taxāre, present active infinitive of taxō ("I handle”, “I censure”, “I appraise”, “I compute").

Examples

  • Collection of air passenger tax, landfill tax, aggregate tax* and stamp duty

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  • Collection of air passenger tax, landfill tax, aggregate tax* and stamp duty

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  • The only exception I would allow is price because our US system allows tax at the city level, county level, state level and national level so they can add “+tax” and leave that to be determined by government regulation.

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  • And so we'll tax them: _tax them till they squeal_!

    'A Comedy of Errors' in Seven Acts

  • The principal revenue derived from Venice is from the tax on houses, there being no _land tax_.

    The Diary of an Ennuyée

  • Ruby seams alias_method_chain method_missing send / eval class Order def initialize (us_state) @us_state = us_state @subtotal = 0 end def add_item (item, quantity) @subtotal + = (item. cost * quantity) end def tax TaxCalculator. calculate @subtotal, @us_state end end describe Order, \ "calculating tax\" do it

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  • DI to the rescue class Order Breaks existing client code def tax (calculator) calculator. calculate @subtotal, @us_state end end describe Order, \ "calculating tax\" do it

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  • Partial mocking class Order def tax TaxCalculator. calculate @subtotal, @us_state end end describe Order, \ "calculating tax\" do it \ "should add tax onto the total\" do o = Order. new

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  • DI to the rescue class Order Breaks existing client code def tax (calculator) calculator. calculate @subtotal, @us_state end end describe Order, \ "calculating tax\" do it

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  • Free DI to the rescue class Order Clients continue to def tax (calculator = TaxCalculator) work unchanged calculator. calculate @subtotal, @us_state end end describe Order, \ "calculating tax\" do it \ "should add tax onto the total\" do fake_calculator = mock ( 'calculator') fake_calculator. should_receive (: calculate). with (42, \ "CA\"). and_return 3.26 o = Order. new

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Comments

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  • 'No one said it better than Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes: “I like paying taxes. With them I buy civilization.�?'

    —Thomas L. Friedman, seen in the New York Times, here.

    October 9, 2008

  • True - but one can have too much of a good thing...

    October 9, 2008