from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A list or system of duties imposed by a government on imported or exported goods.
- n. A duty or duties so imposed.
- n. A schedule of prices or fees.
- transitive v. To fix a duty or price on.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. a system of government-imposed duties levied on imported or exported goods; a list of such duties, or the duties themselves
- n. a schedule of rates, fees or prices
- n. a sentence determined according to a scale of standard penalties for certain categories of crime
- v. to levy a duty on (something)
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A schedule, system, or scheme of duties imposed by the government of a country upon goods imported or exported
- n. The duty, or rate of duty, so imposed
- n. Any schedule or system of rates, changes, etc..
- transitive v. To make a list of duties on, as goods.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To make a list of duties on, as on imported goods.
- To put a valuation upon.
- n. A list or table of goods with the duties or customs to be paid on them, either on importation or on exportation; a list or table of duties or customs to be paid on goods imported or exported.
- n. A duty, or the duties collectively, imposed according to such a list, table, or scale.
- n. A table or scale of charges generally: as, a telegraph tariff.
- n. A law regulating import duties: as, the tariff of 1824.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a government tax on imports or exports
- v. charge a tariff
So, if France (high rating) imports from Chile (low rating) then a tariff is applied equivalent to the amount they saved by producing the goods in Costa Rica instead of France.
By far the larger part of the trade expansion has been occasioned by the recent tariff, but we must remember that a tariff is a burden on export trade and Britain's national economy is dependent on foreign trade.
In Canada, as elsewhere, the tariff exemplifies that right, whether in your opinion the tariff is applied wisely or not.
There are more politically viable alternatives to a carbon tax, writes Jeffrey Sachs: A feed-in tariff subsidizes the low-carbon energy source rather than taxing the high-carbon energy source.
Remember from above, the German feed-in tariff for solar is around $0.58 per KwH, or fully $0.50 above the price paid for the fossil fuel base load.
In Germany, which is often held up as the model, feed-in tariff subsidies are between $0.06 (wind) and $0.50 (solar) a Kwh.
Along the way, he expressed the belief that "the [ethanol import] tariff is likely to continue but over time be phased out," in conjunction with his call for a "fiscally responsible short-term extension of the Volumetric Ethanol Excise Tax Credit [VEETC]."
Frankly, this seems rather obvious: it costs $7. 5M to connect farmers with Coca-Cola, whereas trying to compensate US corn syrup producers to drop the sugar tariff is somewhere in the hundreds of millions (per year).
But the solar feed-in tariff and the renewable heat incentive, subsidising biomass plants and CHP boilers, are likely to be scaled back.
Under the "feed-in tariff" scheme introduced in April, owners of solar panels fitted to houses after 15 July 2009 are paid 41. 3p per unit of electricity, while householders who put up panels before that date get just 9p.