from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • adjective Having boundaries; enclosed.
  • adjective Blocked or barred to passage or entry.
  • adjective Explicitly limited; restricted.
  • adjective Self-contained or self-sufficient.
  • adjective Barred to the public; conducted in secrecy.
  • adjective Of or relating to a curve, such as a circle, having no endpoints.
  • adjective Of or relating to a surface having no boundary curves.
  • adjective Of or relating to an interval containing both its endpoints.
  • adjective Characterized by or possessing the property by which an operation acting on an element in a set produces an element within the set.
  • adjective Computers Of or relating to a file that cannot be accessed.
  • adjective Electricity Allowing electricity to flow or pass.
  • adjective Linguistics Ending in a consonant.
  • adjective Having the forward foot closer to the intended point of impact with the ball than the rear foot.
  • adjective Held or swung with the top or outer edge of the striking face pointing slightly closer to the objective than the lower or inner edge.
  • adjective Of or relating to a closed system.
  • adjective Of or relating to a closed universe.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • adjective having an opening obstructed.
  • adjective (Math.) of a curve or surface: having no end points or boundary curves; of a set: having members that can be produced by a specific operation on other members of the same set; of an interval: containing both its endpoints.
  • adjective Being in a position to obstruct an opening; -- especially of doors.
  • adjective having skin drawn so as to obstruct the opening; -- used of mouth or eyes. Opposite of open.
  • adjective prenominal requiring union membership; -- of a workplace.
  • adjective closed with shutters.
  • adjective hidden from the public.
  • adjective not open to the general public.
  • adjective unsympathetic; -- of a person's attitude.
  • adjective surrounded by walls.
  • adjective made compact by bending or doubling over.
  • adjective closed or fastened with or as if with buttons.
  • adjective not engaged in activity; -- of an organization or business establishment.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • adjective Sealed, made inaccessible or impassable; not open
  • adjective of a store or business Not operating or conducting trade
  • adjective Non public (as in closed source)
  • adjective topology, of a set Having an open complement.
  • adjective mathematics, of a set Such that its image under the specified operation is contained in it.
  • adjective mathematics, logic Lacking a free variable.
  • verb Simple past tense and past participle of close.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adjective with shutters closed
  • adjective not open
  • adjective (set theory) of an interval that contains both its endpoints
  • adjective not open or affording passage or access
  • adjective requiring union membership
  • adjective not having an open mind
  • adjective blocked against entry
  • adjective not open to the general public
  • adjective used especially of mouth or eyes


Sorry, no etymologies found.


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