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Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • transitive v. To move (a door or lid, for example) so as to block passage through an opening.
  • transitive v. To block entrance to or exit from; close: shut a corridor.
  • transitive v. To fasten with a lock, catch, or latch.
  • transitive v. To confine in or as if in a closed space: shut them in a cage.
  • transitive v. To exclude from or as if from a closed space: shut the cats out of the house.
  • transitive v. To cause to stop operating: shut down a restaurant; a school that was shut for the vacation.
  • intransitive v. To move or become moved so as to block passage; close: a door that shuts by itself.
  • intransitive v. To stop operating, especially automatically: The electricity shuts off at midnight.
  • n. The act or time of shutting.
  • n. The line of connection between welded pieces of metal.
  • shut off To stop the flow or passage of; cut off: shut off the hot water by closing a valve.
  • shut off To close off; isolate: loners who shut themselves off from the community.
  • shut out Sports To prevent (an opponent) from scoring any runs or points.
  • shut up To cause (someone) to stop speaking; silence.
  • shut up To stop speaking.
  • idiom shut (one's) eyes to To refuse to consider or acknowledge: administrators who shut their eyes to pervasive corruption.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To close, to stop from being open.
  • v. To close, to stop being open.
  • v. To close a business temporarily, or (of a business) to be closed.
  • n. The act or time of shutting; close.
  • n. A door or cover; a shutter.
  • n. The line or place where two pieces of metal are welded together.
  • n. A narrow alley or passage acting as a short cut through the buildings between two streets.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Closed or fastened.
  • adj. Rid; clear; free.
  • adj.
  • adj. Formed by complete closure of the mouth passage, and with the nose passage remaining closed; stopped, as are the mute consonants, p, t, k, b, d, and hard g.
  • adj. Cut off sharply and abruptly by a following consonant in the same syllable, as the English short vowels, ă, ĕ, ĭ, ŏ, ŭ, always are.
  • n. The act or time of shutting; close.
  • n. A door or cover; a shutter.
  • n. The line or place where two pieces of metal are united by welding.
  • intransitive v. To close itself; to become closed
  • transitive v. To close so as to hinder ingress or egress
  • transitive v. To forbid entrance into; to prohibit; to bar.
  • transitive v. To preclude; to exclude; to bar out.
  • transitive v. To fold together; to close over, as the fingers; to close by bringing the parts together

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To shoot, as the bar or bolt or other fastening of a door or gate, or of a chest, etc.; push to; adjust in position so as to serve as a fastening.
  • To make fast by means of a bolt, bar, or the like; hence, in later use, to close, with or without fastening; place in or over a place of entrance so as to obstruct passage in or out: as, to shut a door, gate, lid, cover, etc.: often followed by down, to, or up.
  • To prevent passage through; cover; obstruct; block: sometimes followed by up.
  • To close the entrance of; prevent access to or egress from: as, to shut a house; to shut a box; to shut one's ears: often followed by up.
  • To bring together the parts of.
  • To fold or bring together; bring into narrow compass from a state of expansion: as, to shut a parasol; to shut a book.
  • To bar or lock in; hence, to confine; hem in; inclose; environ; surround or cover more or less completely: now always followed by a preposition or an adverb, as in, into, among, up, down, etc.
  • To bar out; separate by barriers; put or keep out; exclude, either literally or figuratively; preclude: followed by an adverb or a preposition denoting separation.
  • To catch and pinch or hold fast by the act of shutting something: as, to shut one's fingers or one's dress in a door; to shut one's glove in a window.
  • To do; manage.
  • To weld (iron). Halliwell. See to shut up , and shutting, n.
  • To reduce to inaction or silence, especially the latter.
  • To unite, as two pieces of metal by welding.
  • To be a means of bolting, locking, or closing.
  • To close itself; be closed: as, the door shuts of itself; certain flowers shut at night and open in the day.
  • To be extravagant.
  • To desist; leave off; especially, to stop talking.
  • In sporting, to give out, as one horse when challenged by another in a race.
  • Made fast or close; closed; inclosed. See shut, verb
  • Not resonant or sonorous; dull: said of sound.
  • In orthoëpy, having the sound suddenly interrupted or stopped by a succeeding consonant, as the i in pit or the o in got.
  • Separated, precluded, or hindered; hence, free; clear; rid: followed by of: used chiefly in such phrases as to get shut of, to be shut of. Also shet.
  • n. The act of shutting, in any sense of the word.
  • n. The time of shutting.
  • n. That which shuts, closes, or covers; a shutter.
  • n. The point or line of shutting; specifically, the line where two pieces of metal are united by welding.
  • n. A riddance.
  • n. An imperfect welding in a forging, caused by the inadequate heat of one surface under working.
  • n. The grayling Thymallus vulgaris. Day.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. not open
  • v. prevent from entering; shut out
  • adj. used especially of mouth or eyes
  • v. become closed
  • v. move so that an opening or passage is obstructed; make shut

Etymologies

Middle English shutten, from Old English scyttan; see skeud- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English shutten, shetten, from Old English scyttan ("to cause rapid movement, shoot a bolt, shut, bolt, shut to, discharge a debt, pay off"), from Proto-Germanic *skutjanan, *skuttjanan (“to bar, bolt”), from Proto-Germanic *skuttan, *skuttjō (“bar, bolt, shed”), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)keud- (“to drive, fall upon, rush”). Cognate with Dutch schutten ("to shut in, lock up"), German schützen ("to shut out, dam, protect, guard"), Albanian skuth ("a mean and deceitful person"). (Wiktionary)
Variation of chute or shute (archaic, related to shoot) from Old English scēotan. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • Then turning, she saw the door shut behind her, slowly, noiselessly, but _it was shut_.

    Agatha's Husband A Novel

  • But he was gone from her, his expression shut and locked like a door.

    City of Ashes

  • I keep seeing the phrase "shut down" in reference to the nuclear reactors at Fukushima, but clearly they are not shut down as they are still generating tremendous energy in the form of heat.

    NYT > Global Home

  • The band signed its U.S. deal with Conquest in 1998, but the label shut down soon after.

    post-gazette.com - News

  • After a long affiliation with Trevor Jackson's now defunct Output Records, which came to an end in 2006-when the label shut its doors just after the release of Circlesquare's excellent

    PopMatters

  • In January, the label shut its doors at 1042 Madison Avenue, between East 79th and

    undefined

  • Whether the plant will remain shut isn't clear, as company and government officials aren't saying what triggered the action.

    Shenzhen Zinc Producer Halts Operations

  • The grass roots movement is too strong to ever lose to a "know nothing" bimbo like Palin shut up!!

    Palin to make announcement Friday

  • McCain shut up .. you think it is wrong because you are not in charge.

    McCain: Obama was wrong on stimulus either then or now

  • July 12th, 2009 1: 13 pm ET not an obama fan but mccain shut up. shut your pie hole. when you were campaigning you had nothing to offer to fix the economy. you have nothing to offer now but criticism. anybody out there, that has a pulpit and the public's ear, that has solutions then speak out else shut the blazes up. anyone, everyone, can criticize. the nation needs solutions.

    McCain: Obama was wrong on stimulus either then or now

Comments

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  • the tweets are so rude

    October 8, 2012

  • It is also the past of the verb 'to shut'. 'The door shut behind me before I could ...'

    October 7, 2011

  • I'd seen all I wanted to of them, and wanted to get entirely shut of them. HF 31

    December 7, 2006