from The Century Dictionary.

  • See butt.
  • noun See butt.
  • noun The outer room of a house consisting of only two rooms; the kitchen: the other room being the ben.
  • See butt.
  • noun A flounder or plaice.
  • Short for abut. See butt.
  • Outside; without; out.
  • In or to the outer room of a cottage having a but and a ben: as, he was but a few minutes ago; he gaed but just now.
  • Only; merely; just. See III.
  • Outside of; without.—
  • To the outside of.—
  • To the outer apartment of: as, gae but the house.
  • Without; not having; apart from.
  • Except; besides; more than.
  • Except; unless: after a clause containing or implying a negation, and introducing the following clause, in which (the verb being usually omitted because implied in the preceding clause) but before the noun (subject or object of the omitted verb) comes to be regarded as a preposition governing the noun.
  • The clause introduced by but (the apparent object of the qnasi-preposition) may be a single word, an infinitive or prepositional phrase, or a clause with that.
  • By ellipsis of the subject of the clause introduced by but in this construction, but becomes equivalent to that … not or whonot.
  • In this construction the negative, being implied in but, came to be omitted, especially in connection with the verbbe, in the principal clause, the construction “There is not but one God,” as in the first example, becoming “There is but one God,” leaving but as a quasi-adverb, ‘only, merely, simply.’ This use is also extended to constructions not originally negative.
  • To the last two constructions, respectively, belong the idioms “I cannot but hope that,” etc., and “I can but hope that,” etc. The former has suffered ellipsis of the principal verb in the first clause: “I cannot do anything but hope,” or “anything else than hope,” or “otherwise than hope,” etc., implying constraint, in that there is an alternative which one is mentally unable or reluctant to accept, but being equivalent to otherwise than. The latter, “I can but hope that,” etc., has suffered further ellipsis of the negative, and, though historically the same as the former, is idiomatically different: “I can only hope that,” etc., implying restraint, in that there is no alternative or opportunity of action, but being equivalent to only, not otherwise than, or no more than.
  • In an interrogative sentence implying a negative answer, can but is equivalent to cannot but in a declarative sentence.
  • After doubt, or doubt not, and other expressions involving a negative, but may be used as after other negatives, but that being often used pleonastically for that.
  • Hence the use of but with if or that, forming a unitary phrase but if, ‘unless, if not,’ but that, ‘except that, unless’ (these phrases having of course also their analytical meaning, with but in its adversative use).
  • The phrase but that, often abbreviated to but, thus takes an extended meaning. If not; unless.
  • Escept that, otherwise than that, that … not. After negative clauses.
  • The negative clause is often represented by the single word not.
  • An expletive what sometimes, but incorrectly, follows.
  • After interrogative clauses implying a negative answer.
  • After imperative or exclamatory clauses.
  • Excepting or excluding the fact that; save that; were it not that; unless.
  • However; yet; still; nevertheless; notwithstanding: introducing a statement in restriction or modification of the preceding statement.
  • On the contrary; on the other hand: the regular adversative conjunction, introducing a clause in contrast with the preceding.
  • The statement with which the clause with but is thus contrasted may be unexpressed, being implied in the context or supplied by the circumstances.
  • Sometimes, instead of the statement with which the clause with but is contrasted, an exclamation of surprise, admiration, or other strong feeling precedes, the clause with but then expressing the ground of the feeling.
  • Than: after comparatives.
  • When.
  • [By further ellipsis and idiomatic deflection but has in modern English developed a great variety of special and isolated uses derived from the preceding.] Synonyms However, Still, Nevertheless, etc. See however.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • intransitive verb See butt, v., and abut, v.
  • noun Scot. The outer apartment or kitchen of a two-roomed house; -- opposed to ben, the inner room.
  • noun A limit; a boundary.
  • noun The end; esp. the larger or thicker end, or the blunt, in distinction from the sharp, end. Now disused in this sense, being replaced by butt{2}. See 1st Butt.
  • noun the larger or thicker end; See Butt, n.
  • adverb obsolete Except with; unless with; without.
  • adverb Except; besides; save.
  • adverb Excepting or excluding the fact that; save that; were it not that; unless; -- elliptical, for but that.
  • adverb Otherwise than that; that not; -- commonly, after a negative, with that.
  • adverb Only; solely; merely.
  • adverb On the contrary; on the other hand; only; yet; still; however; nevertheless; more; further; -- as connective of sentences or clauses of a sentence, in a sense more or less exceptive or adversative.
  • adverb See under All.
  • adverb but if; an attempt on the part of King James's translators of the Bible to express the conjunctive and adversative force of the Greek �.
  • adverb [Obs.] unless.


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle English but, buten, boute, bouten, from Old English būtan ("out of, outside of, off, round about, except, without, all but, but only, besides, in addition to, in spite of, except that, save, but, only, unless, save that, if only, provided that, outside"), equivalent to be- +‎ out. Cognate with Scots but, bot ("outside, without, but"), West Frisian bûten ("outside of, apart from, other than, except, but"), Dutch buiten ("outside"), German Low German buuten, buute ("outside"), Dutch Low Saxon buten ("outside"). Compare bin, about.


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  • Tub in reverse.

    November 3, 2007

  • And with an attitude.

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  • A word best followed with a dramatic pause.

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