from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adj. Being the remaining one of two or more: the other ear.
  • adj. Being the remaining ones of several: His other books are still in storage.
  • adj. Different from that or those implied or specified: Any other person would tell the truth.
  • adj. Of a different character or quality: "a strange, other dimension . . . where his powers seemed to fail” ( Lance Morrow).
  • adj. Of a different time or era either future or past: other centuries; other generations.
  • adj. Additional; extra: I have no other shoes.
  • adj. Opposite or contrary; reverse: the other side.
  • adj. Alternate; second: every other day.
  • adj. Of the recent past: just the other day.
  • n. The remaining one of two or more: One took a taxi, and the other walked home.
  • n. The remaining ones of several: After her departure the others resumed the discussion.
  • n. A different person or thing: one hurricane after the other.
  • n. An additional person or thing: How many others will come later?
  • pro. A different or an additional person or thing: We'll get someone or other to replace him.
  • pro. People aside from oneself: "the eyes of others our prisons; their thoughts our cages” ( Virginia Woolf).
  • adv. In another way; otherwise; differently: The car performed other than perfectly.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. See other (determiner) below
  • adj. second.
  • adj. Alien.
  • adj. Different.
  • n. An other one.
  • Not the one previously referred to.
  • adv. Apart from; in the phrase "other than".
  • adv. otherwise
  • v. To make into an other.
  • v. To treat as different or separate; segregate; ostracise.
  • v. (ethnicity or race) To label as "other".
  • conj. or

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adv. Otherwise.
  • conj. Either; -- used with other or or for its correlative (as either … or are now used).
  • prep. Different from that which, or the one who, has been specified; not the same; not identical; additional; second of two.
  • prep. Not this, but the contrary; opposite.
  • prep. Alternate; second; -- used esp. in connection with every.
  • prep. Left, as opposed to right.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Second: as, every other day; every other week.
  • In particular — Second of two: hence with singular substantives only, and regularly preceded by the. The antecedent correlative to the other is one or the one. In these combinations a possessive pronoun may take the place of the. Also used absolutely without repetition of the noun referred to.
  • Second of a pair; hence, left (as opposed to right).
  • Second of two opposites; opposite; contrary: as, the other side of the street.
  • Second in order of thought, though first or previous in order of fact; hence, next preceding, or (taken substantively) that which immediately preceded.
  • Additional; further; hence, besides this (or these, that or those): with or without a clause with than or but following, expressed or understood.
  • Different from this (the person or thing in view or under consideration or just specified); belonging to a class, category, or sort outside of, or apart and distinct in identity or character from (that which has been mentioned or is implied); not the same: used with or without a definitive or indefinite word (the, that, an, any, some, etc.) preceding, and often followed (as a comparative) by a clause with than: frequently used also as correlative to this, one, or some preceding: as, he was occupied with other reflections; this man I know, the other man I never saw before; some men seek wealth, other men seek fame.
  • The second of two reciprocally, either of the two being considered subject or object in turn: as, each and other; either and other; the one and the other. See each.
  • An additional person or thing: in constructions as in def. 3.
  • A different person or thing from the one in view or under consideration or just specified: in the same constructions as the adjective, the difference being in the fact that with the adjective a noun is always expressed or obviously implied in the context.
  • Otherwise.
  • Same as either.
  • Same as either and or.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. belonging to the distant past
  • adj. recently past
  • adj. very unusual; different in character or quality from the normal or expected
  • adj. not the same one or ones already mentioned or implied


Middle English, from Old English ōther; see al-1 in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English other, from Old English ōþer ("other, second"), from Proto-Germanic *anþeraz (“other, second”), from Proto-Indo-European *ánteros (“other”). Cognate with Scots uther, ither ("other"), Old Frisian ōther, ("other"; > North Frisian üđer, ööder, ouder), Old Saxon ōþar ("other"), Old High German ander ("other"), Old Norse annarr, øðr-, aðr- ("other, second"), Gothic 𐌰𐌽𐌸𐌰𐍂 (anþar, "other"), Old Prussian anters, antars ("other, second"), Lithuanian antroks ("other", pronoun), Latvian otrs, otrais ("second"), Russian второй (vtoroy, "second"), Albanian ndërroj ("to change, switch, alternate"), Sanskrit  (ántara, "different"), Sanskrit अन्य (anyá, "other, different"). (Wiktionary)
Probably Old English oþþe. (Wiktionary)


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