from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • intransitive v. To wish for something with expectation of its fulfillment.
  • intransitive v. Archaic To have confidence; trust.
  • transitive v. To look forward to with confidence or expectation: We hope that our children will be successful.
  • transitive v. To expect and desire. See Synonyms at expect.
  • n. A wish or desire accompanied by confident expectation of its fulfillment.
  • n. Something that is hoped for or desired: Success is our hope.
  • n. One that is a source of or reason for hope: the team's only hope for victory.
  • n. Christianity The theological virtue defined as the desire and search for a future good, difficult but not impossible to attain with God's help.
  • n. Archaic Trust; confidence.
  • idiom hope against hope To hope with little reason or justification.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The belief or expectation that something wished for can or will happen.
  • n. The actual thing wished for.
  • n. A person or thing that is a source of hope.
  • n. The virtuous desire for future good.
  • v. To want something to happen.
  • v. To be optimistic; be full of hope; have hopes.
  • v. To expect and wish.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A sloping plain between mountain ridges.
  • n. A small bay; an inlet; a haven.
  • n. A desire of some good, accompanied with an expectation of obtaining it, or a belief that it is obtainable; an expectation of something which is thought to be desirable; confidence; pleasing expectancy.
  • n. One who, or that which, gives hope, furnishes ground of expectation, or promises desired good.
  • n. That which is hoped for; an object of hope.
  • intransitive v. To entertain or indulge hope; to cherish a desire of good, or of something welcome, with expectation of obtaining it or belief that it is obtainable; to expect; -- usually followed by for.
  • intransitive v. To place confidence; to trust with confident expectation of good; -- usually followed by in.
  • transitive v. To desire with expectation or with belief in the possibility or prospect of obtaining; to look forward to as a thing desirable, with the expectation of obtaining it; to cherish hopes of.
  • transitive v. To expect; to fear.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To entertain or indulge an expectation of something desired.
  • To have confidence; trust with earnest expectation of good.
  • To desire with expectation; look forward to as desirable, with the expectation of obtaining: with a clause (with or without that) or, less commonly, a noun as object.
  • [Hope is also loosely used as synonymous with desire, long for, or wish.]
  • To expect; regard as likely to happen: not implying desire: with a clause as object.
  • To imagine; have an impression; think: with an effect of irony: as, I hope I know what I am talking about.
  • n. Expectation of something desired; desire accompanied by expectation.
  • n. Confidence in a future event, or in the future disposition or conduct of some person; trust, especially a high or holy trust.
  • n. That which gives hope; one who or that which furnishes ground of expectation or promise of desired good; promise.
  • n. The object of hope; the thing hoped for.
  • n. Expectation, without reference to desire; prognostication.
  • n. Synonyms Reliance, dependence.
  • n. A hollow; a valley; especially, the upper end of a narrow mountain valley when it is nearly encircled by smooth green slopes: nearly equivalent to comb.
  • n. A mound; a hill. [Prov. Eng.] This word occurs in several place-names, as Easthope, Kirkhope, Stanhope, etc.
  • n. An inlet; a small bay; a haven.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. expect and wish
  • n. one of the three Christian virtues
  • n. United States comedian (born in England) who appeared in films with Bing Crosby (1903-2003)
  • n. someone (or something) on which expectations are centered
  • n. grounds for feeling hopeful about the future
  • v. intend with some possibility of fulfilment
  • v. be optimistic; be full of hope; have hopes
  • n. the general feeling that some desire will be fulfilled
  • n. a specific instance of feeling hopeful


Middle English hopen, from Old English hopian.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English hope, from Old English hopa ("hope, expectation"), from Proto-Germanic *hupōn (“hope”), from Proto-Indo-European *kēwp-, *kwēp- (“to smoke, boil”). Cognate with West Frisian hope ("hope"), Dutch hoop ("hope"), Middle High German hoffe ("hope"), Swedish hopp ("hope"). Extra-Germanic cognates include Latin cupio ("I desire, crave"), Albanian ngop ("I'm satisfied, sated") and gopë ("greedy, voracious"). (Wiktionary)
From Middle English hopen, from Old English hopian. (Wiktionary)



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  • An inlet, a valley, a hill. You choose this time.

    November 1, 2011

  • A dog in Turgenev's story Death.

    "...his dog, Hope, a gift from his cousin".

    November 16, 2007