Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • intransitive verb To take for granted as being true in the absence of proof to the contrary.
  • intransitive verb To constitute reasonable evidence for assuming; appear to prove.
  • intransitive verb To venture without authority or permission; dare.
  • intransitive verb To take for granted that something is true or factual; make a supposition.
  • intransitive verb To act presumptuously or take unwarranted advantage of something.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • To take upon one's self; undertake; venture; dare: generally with an infinitive as object.
  • To believe or accept upon probable evidence; infer as probable; take for granted.
  • Synonyms Surmise, Guess, etc. (see conjecture), think, consider.
  • To be venturesome; especially, to venture beyond the limits of ordinary license or propriety; act or speak overboldly.
  • To press forward presumptuously; be led by presumption; make one's way overconfidently into an unwarranted place or position.
  • To take; to take to oneself: with of.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • transitive verb To assume or take beforehand; esp., to do or undertake without leave or authority previously obtained.
  • transitive verb To take or suppose to be true, or entitled to belief, without examination or proof, or on the strength of probability; to take for granted; to infer; to suppose.
  • intransitive verb To suppose or assume something to be, or to be true, on grounds deemed valid, though not amounting to proof; to believe by anticipation; to infer.
  • intransitive verb To venture, go, or act, by an assumption of leave or authority not granted; to go beyond what is warranted by the circumstances of the case; to venture beyond license; to take liberties; -- often with on or upon before the ground of confidence.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • verb take upon oneself; act presumptuously, without permission
  • verb take liberties or act with too much confidence
  • verb constitute reasonable evidence for
  • verb take to be the case or to be true; accept without verification or proof

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Middle English presumen, from Old French presumer, from Late Latin praesūmere, from Latin, to anticipate : prae-, pre- + sūmere, to take; see em- in Indo-European roots.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Anglo-Norman presumer, Middle French presumer, and their source, Latin praesūmere ("to take beforehand, anticipate"), from prae- + sūmere ("to take").

Examples

  • I presume from the patina that the one pictured is sitting on a battlefield somewhere.

    The James Rifle

  • I presume from the patina that the one pictured is sitting on a battlefield somewhere.

    The James Rifle

  • I also have an RFC (issued in conjunction with my Scotiabank account), which I presume is used by Hacienda to track taxes withheld from interest income. gpkisner

    Getting a CURP

  • I want to see ADAM punching the ground, which, we presume, is the addict.

    Superhero Nation: how to write superhero novels and comic books » EWill79’s Review Forum

  • I also have an RFC (issued in conjunction with my Scotiabank account), which I presume is used by Hacienda to track taxes withheld from interest income. gpkisner

    Getting a CURP

  • Finally, damienoujia at this Comicvine forum noted another moment where Lori's smoking habit illuminated her character: Her first meeting with the Comedian and it seems he's hitting on her ... he lights what we presume is her first cigarette.

    Archive 2009-08-01

  • I also have an RFC (issued in conjunction with my Scotiabank account), which I presume is used by Hacienda to track taxes withheld from interest income. gpkisner

    Getting a CURP

  • I also have an RFC (issued in conjunction with my Scotiabank account), which I presume is used by Hacienda to track taxes withheld from interest income. gpkisner

    Getting a CURP

  • Finally, damienoujia at this Comicvine forum noted another moment where Lori's smoking habit illuminated her character: Her first meeting with the Comedian and it seems he's hitting on her ... he lights what we presume is her first cigarette.

    No Smoking in the Watchmen

  • I also have an RFC (issued in conjunction with my Scotiabank account), which I presume is used by Hacienda to track taxes withheld from interest income. gpkisner

    Getting a CURP

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