from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • transitive v. To take in as food; eat or drink up. See Synonyms at eat.
  • transitive v. To expend; use up: engines that consume less fuel; a project that consumed most of my time and energy.
  • transitive v. To purchase (goods or services) for direct use or ownership.
  • transitive v. To waste; squander. See Synonyms at waste.
  • transitive v. To destroy totally; ravage: flames that consumed the house; a body consumed by cancer.
  • transitive v. To absorb; engross: consumed with jealousy. See Synonyms at monopolize.
  • intransitive v. To be destroyed, expended, or wasted.
  • intransitive v. To purchase economic goods and services: a society that consumes as fast as it produces.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To use.
  • v. To eat.
  • v. To completely occupy the thoughts or attention of.
  • v. To destroy completely.
  • v. To waste away slowly.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • intransitive v. To waste away slowly.
  • transitive v. To destroy, as by decomposition, dissipation, waste, or fire; to use up; to expend; to waste; to burn up; to eat up; to devour.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To destroy by separating into parts which cannot be reunited, as by decomposition, burning, or eating; devour; use up; wear out; hence, destroy the substance of; annihilate.
  • Specifically To destroy by use; dissipate or wear out (a thing) by applying it to its natural or intended use: as, only a, small part of the produce of the West is consumed there; in an unfavorable sense, waste; squander: as, to consume an estate.
  • To cause to waste away; make thin.
  • To bring to utter ruin; exterminate.
  • To make use of; employ the whole of; fill out; spend: with reference to time.
  • Synonyms Devour, etc. (see eat); swallow up, use up, engulf, absorb, lavish, dissipate, exhust.
  • To waste (away); become wasted or attenuated.
  • To be destroyed as by use, burning, etc: as, the fire was lighted, and the wood consumed away.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. use up (resources or materials)
  • v. serve oneself to, or consume regularly
  • v. engage fully
  • v. spend extravagantly
  • v. destroy completely
  • v. eat immoderately


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Middle English consumen, from Latin cōnsūmere : com-, intensive pref.; see com- + sūmere, to take; see em- in Indo-European roots.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Latin consumere.



Log in or sign up to get involved in the conversation. It's quick and easy.