from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • transitive v. To lay out; spend: expending tax revenues on government operations. See Synonyms at spend.
  • transitive v. To use up; consume: "Every effort seemed to expend her spirit's force” ( George Meredith).

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To consume or exhaust some resource.
  • v. To spend or disburse money.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • intransitive v. To be laid out, used, or consumed.
  • intransitive v. To pay out or disburse money.
  • transitive v. To lay out, apply, or employ in any way; to consume by use; to use up or distribute, either in payment or in donations; to spend

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To lay out; disburse; spend; pay out.
  • To consume by use; spend in using: as, to expend time, labor, or material; the oil of a lamp is expended in burning; water is expended in mechanical operations; the ammunition was entirely expended.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. use up, consume fully
  • v. pay out


Middle English expenden, from Latin expendere, to pay out : ex-, ex- + pendere, to weigh; see (s)pen- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)



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