from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • transitive verb To occupy exclusively; absorb.
  • transitive verb To acquire most or all of (a commodity); monopolize (a market).
  • transitive verb To write or transcribe in a large, clear hand.
  • transitive verb To write or print the final draft of (an official document).

from The Century Dictionary.

  • To make large or larger; make additions to; increase in bulk or quantity.
  • To make thick or gross; thicken.
  • To take in the gross or in bulk; take the whole of; get sole possession of; absorb completely: with or without all.
  • Specifically To monopolize the supply of, or the supplies in; get entire possession or control of, for the purpose of raising prices and enhancing profits: as, to engross the importations of tea; to engross the market for wheat.
  • To occupy wholly; take up or employ entirely, to the exclusion of other things: as, business engrosses his attention or thoughts; to be engrossed in study.
  • To write out in a fair large hand or in a formal or prescribed manner for preservation, as a public document or record.
  • Synonyms and Swallow up, Engulf, etc. (see absorb); to lay hold of, monopolize.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • transitive verb obsolete To make gross, thick, or large; to thicken; to increase in bulk or quantity.
  • transitive verb obsolete To amass.
  • transitive verb To copy or write in a large hand (en gross, i. e., in large); to write a fair copy of in distinct and legible characters.
  • transitive verb To seize in the gross; to take the whole of; to occupy the attention completely; to absorb.
  • transitive verb To purchase either the whole or large quantities of, for the purpose of enhancing the price and making a profit; hence, to take or assume in undue quantity, proportion, or degree
  • transitive verb (Legislation) one which has been plainly engrossed on parchment, with all its amendments, preparatory to final action on its passage.
  • transitive verb (Penmanship) a fair, round style of writing suitable for engrossing legal documents, legislative bills, etc.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • verb transitive To write (a document) in large, aesthetic, and legible lettering; to make a finalized copy of.
  • verb transitive, business, obsolete To buy up wholesale, especially to buy the whole supply of (a commodity etc.).
  • verb transitive To monopolize; to concentrate (something) in the single possession of someone, especially unfairly.
  • verb transitive To completely engage the attention of.
  • verb transitive, obsolete To thicken; to condense.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • verb consume all of one's attention or time
  • verb devote (oneself) fully to


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Middle English engrossen, to collect in large quantity, monopolize, from Old French engrossier, from en gros, in large quantity : en, in (from Latin in; see in–) + gros, large; see gross. Sense 3, from Middle English engrossen, to make a finished copy of a legal document, from Anglo-Norman engrosser, from Medieval Latin ingrossāre : Latin in-, in; see en– + grossa, a copy in a large hand (from Late Latin grossus, thick).]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle English engrossen, from Anglo-Norman engrosser ("to gather in large quantities, draft something in final form"); partly from the phrase en gros ("in bulk, in quantity, at wholesale"), from en- + gros; and partly from Medieval Latin ingrossō ("thicken, write something large and in bold lettering", v.), from in- + grossus ("great, big, thick"), from Old High German grōz ("big, thick, coarse"), from Proto-Germanic *grautaz (“large, great, thick, coarse grained, unrefined”), from Proto-Indo-European *ghrewə- (“to fell, put down, fall in”). More at in-, gross.


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  • Ingrossare means "to enlarge" in Italian.

    "To engross" is tenere occupato, assorbire (it can't be easily rendered in a single word).

    Viagra websites can really engross... your mind

    March 20, 2009

  • "To write out in a fair large hand or in a formal or prescribed manner for preservation, as a public document or record. The engrossing of documents was formerly executed in England, and for some purposes till a late period, in a peculiar hand, called the engrossing-hand, derived from the ancient court-hand, nearly illegible to all but experts. The engrossing-hand of the present day is a fair round hand, purposely made as legible as possible. The engrossing of testimonials and other commemorative documents is often a work of much art involving the employment of ornamental characters of various forms, and sometimes also of elaborate adornment, and a studied arrangement for effective display."


    January 12, 2012