from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Vapor, gas, or smoke, especially if irritating, harmful, or strong.
  • n. A strong or acrid odor.
  • n. A state of resentment or vexation.
  • transitive v. To subject to or treat with fumes.
  • transitive v. To give off in or as if in fumes.
  • intransitive v. To emit fumes.
  • intransitive v. To rise in fumes.
  • intransitive v. To feel or show resentment or vexation.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A gas or vapour/vapor that smells strongly or is dangerous to inhale. Fumes are solid particles formed by condensation from the gaseous state, e.g. metal oxides from volatilized metals. They can flocculate and coalesce. Their particle size is between 0.1 and 1 micron. (A micron is one millionth of a metre)
  • n. A material that has been vaporized from the solid state to the gas state and re-coalesced to the solid state.
  • v. Emit fumes.
  • v. Expose something (especially wood) to ammonia fumes in order to produce dark tints.
  • v. To feel or express great anger.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Exhalation; volatile matter (esp. noxious vapor or smoke) ascending in a dense body; smoke; vapor; reek.
  • n. Rage or excitement which deprives the mind of self-control.
  • n. Anything vaporlike, unsubstantial, or airy; idle conceit; vain imagination.
  • n. The incense of praise; inordinate flattery.
  • n. Solid material deposited by condensation of fumes.
  • intransitive v. To smoke; to throw off fumes, as in combustion or chemical action; to rise up, as vapor.
  • intransitive v. To be as in a mist; to be dulled and stupefied.
  • intransitive v. To pass off in fumes or vapors.
  • intransitive v. To be in a rage; to be hot with anger.
  • transitive v. To expose to the action of fumes; to treat with vapors, smoke, etc.; ; to fill with fumes, vapors, odors, etc., as a room.
  • transitive v. To praise inordinately; to flatter.
  • transitive v. To throw off in vapor, or as in the form of vapor.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To smoke; throw off smoke in combustion.
  • To emit any smoky or invisible vaporous exhalation; throw off narcotic, stifling, pungent, fragrant, or otherwise noticeable volatile matter.
  • To be confused by emotion, excitement, or excess, as if by stupefying or poisonous fumes.
  • To pass off in vapor.
  • To be angered or irritated; be in a passion.
  • To fret, chafe, storm.
  • To smoke; dry in smoke; fumigate.
  • To treat with fumes, as of a chemical substance.
  • To perfume.
  • To disperse or drive away in vapors; send up as vapor.
  • To offer incense to; hence, to flatter excessively.
  • Smoked: as, verve fume (‘smoked glass’).
  • Smoky; having a smoky tint: as, quartz fumé.
  • That has been subjected to the process of fuming, as oak, in order to obtain an antique appearance.
  • n. Smoke.
  • n. Incense.
  • n. Any smoky or invisible vaporous exhalation, especially if possessing narcotic, stifling, or other marked properties; volatile matter arising from anything; an exhalation: generally in the plural: as, the fumes of tobacco; the fumes of burning sulphur; the fumes of wine.
  • n. Any mental agitation regarded as clouding or affecting the understanding; excitement; especially, an irritable or angry mood; passion: generally in the singular.
  • n. Anything comparable to fume or vapor, from being unsubstantial or fleeting, as an idle conceit, a vain imagination, and the like.
  • n. The incense of praise; hence, inordinate flattery.
  • n. One apt to get into a fume; a passionate person.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. treat with fumes, expose to fumes, especially with the aim of disinfecting or eradicating pests
  • v. be wet with sweat or blood, as of one's face
  • v. emit a cloud of fine particles
  • n. a cloud of fine particles suspended in a gas
  • v. be mad, angry, or furious


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Middle English, from Old French fum, from Latin fūmus.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle English, from Old French fum ("smoke, steam, vapour"), from Latin fūmus, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰuh₂mós (“smoke”), from Proto-Indo-European *dhūw- (“to smoke, raise dust”). More at dun, dusk.



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