from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • transitive v. To charge (a beverage, for example) with carbon dioxide gas.
  • transitive v. To burn to carbon; carbonize.
  • transitive v. To change into a carbonate.
  • n. A salt or an ester of an carbonic acid.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. any salt or ester of carbonic acid
  • v. to charge (often a beverage) with carbon dioxide

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A salt or carbonic acid, as in limestone, some forms of lead ore, etc.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To impregnate or saturate with carbonic acid.
  • n. In chem., a compound formed by the union of carbonic acid with a base: as, calcium carbonate; copper carbonate.
  • n. plural The common name in the Cordilleran mining region of ores consisting in large part of carbonate of lead. and usually containing silver. This is an important class of ores in Colorado and Utah.
  • n. Same as carbonado or bort.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a salt or ester of carbonic acid (containing the anion CO3)
  • v. turn into a carbonate
  • v. treat with carbon dioxide


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From French carbonate.


  • At a recent meeting of the Geological Society of London that was devoted to thinking about the Anthropocene and its geological record, Toby Tyrrell of the University of Southampton pointed out that pale carbonate sediments-limestones, chalks and the like-cannot be laid down below what is called a "carbonate compensation depth".

    The Economist: Daily news and views

  • This bonds to the CO2 to form droplets of sodium carbonate, which is collected at the bottom of the towers and passed onto subsequent stages that separate and collect the CO2.

    Could CO2 be the green fuel powering tomorrow's cars?

  • Mr. WILKER: What the oysters seem to be doing is using a little bit of protein, or a small amount of an organic component, but have the majority of the material, 90 percent or so, be actually a hard, inorganic calcium carbonate, which is kind of like chalk.

    Scientists Probe 'Glue' That Keeps Oysters Together

  • The company has a technology to extract lithium carbonate, which is in demand from the growing lithium-ion battery industry.

    Power Plays

  • The most common form of calcium is calcium carbonate, which is also the most difficult to absorb.


  • Sodium carbonate, which is often added to commercial bleaches, increases the alkalinity of the wash-water solution.


  • Next to it come the so-called carbonates: first, sodium carbonate, which is already familiar to us as washing soda; and second, sodium bicarbonate, which is an ingredient of baking powders.

    General Science

  • The kind of alkali determines the character of the water; in some cases it is sodium carbonate, which is particularly objectionable.

    Human Foods and Their Nutritive Value

  • Much expense is also saved in fuel, and the sodium hydrogen carbonate, which is the first product of the process, has itself many commercial uses.

    An Elementary Study of Chemistry

  • At Butte, Montana, a little high-grade manganese material has been obtained from the unoxidized pink manganese carbonate, which is a common mineral in some of the veins.

    The Economic Aspect of Geology


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