from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A salt or ester of sulfonic acid.
- transitive v. To introduce into (an organic compound) one or more sulfonic acid groups.
- transitive v. To treat with sulfonic acid.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Any salt or ester of a sulfonic acid.
- v. To treat or react with a sulfonic acid, or to introduce such a group into a compound.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a salt of sulphonic acid
Sorry, no etymologies found.
Preferred modifiers include NaOH, urea sodium dodecyl sulfate, sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate, and guanidine hydrochloride.
Among the claims were that Kiss My Face's "Obsessively Organic" cleansers contained olefin sulfonate, a petrochemical, and that Avalon "Organics" contain the petrochemical Amdiopropyl Betaine.
In the eighteenth-century, this conversion shortened production time and reduced the quantity of heat necessary to complete the blue-dyeing process. reference The Saxon blue process (now called indigo sulfonate) creates colors that are bright and beautiful, and visually somewhat different from those obtained through the traditional indigo dyeing methods.
I did learn that an azulene derivative sodium azulene sulfonate is thought to be effective in topically treating sore-throat from either cause, and that it's extracted from chamomile.
The indigo sulfonate (Saxon blue) vat, for example, made colors that were less stable than those produced by the traditional indigo dye process. reference Over time, Gobelins tapestries proved that stability remained a problem for petit teint colors.
~ PFOS and PFOA linked to low birth weight -- "A U.S. study says exposure to perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) in the womb is linked to low birth weight and head circumference."
Earlier tests on animals have linked two chemicals, perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoate (PFOA), to cancer and developmental problems.
P-chloromercuribenzene sulfonate PCMBS blocks and reverses the effect of amiloride on sodium transport across rabbit colon in vitro.
Second, the new permit targets a particularly harmful kind of PFC -- called perfluorooctane sulfonate, or PFOS -- to keep it from further impairing the Mississippi River.
The chemical, perfluorooctane sulfonate, or PFOS, was a key ingredient in Scotchgard products before the company voluntarily phased out its production.