Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The act of lamenting.
  • n. A lament.
  • n. See Table at Bible.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The act of lamenting.
  • n. A sorrowful cry; a lament.
  • n. Specifically, mourning.
  • n. lamentatio, (part of) a liturgical Bible text (from the book of Job) and its musical settings, usually in the plural; hence, any dirge
  • n. A group of swans.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The act of bewailing; audible expression of sorrow; wailing; moaning.
  • n. A book of the Old Testament attributed to the prophet Jeremiah, and taking its name from the nature of its contents.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The act of bewailing; expression of sorrow; a mournful outcry.
  • n. plural The shorter title of the Lamentations of Jeremiah, one of the poetical books of the Old Testament.
  • n. plural The music to which the first three lessons, taken from the Lamentations of Jeremiah, are sung in the Roman Catholic Church, in the office called Tenebræ, on Thursday, Friday, and Saturday of Holy Week.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. the passionate and demonstrative activity of expressing grief
  • n. a cry of sorrow and grief

Etymologies

recorded since 1375, from Latin lamentatio ("wailing, moaning, weeping"), from the deponent verb lāmentor, from lāmentum ("wail; wailing"), itself from a Proto-Indo-European *la- (“to shout, cry”), presumed ultimately imitative. Replaced Old English cwiþan. Lament is a 16th-century back-formation. (Wiktionary)

Examples

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