Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun The separation of an intellectual or material whole into its constituent parts for individual study.
  • noun The study of such constituent parts and their interrelationships in making up a whole.
  • noun A spoken or written presentation of such study.
  • noun The separation of a substance into its constituent elements to determine either their nature (qualitative analysis) or their proportions (quantitative analysis).
  • noun The stated findings of such a separation or determination.
  • noun A branch of mathematics principally involving differential and integral calculus, sequences, and series and concerned with limits and convergence.
  • noun The method of proof in which a known truth is sought as a consequence of a series of deductions from that which is the thing to be proved.
  • noun Linguistics The use of function words such as prepositions, pronouns, or auxiliary verbs instead of inflectional endings to express a grammatical relationship; for example, the cover of the dictionary instead of the dictionary's cover.
  • noun Psychoanalysis.
  • noun Systems analysis.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun In cricket, an itemized record of the play of the bowler, intended to show particularly the number of runs scored by him and the number of wickets obtained.
  • noun In chem., intentionally produced decomposition: often applied to the ascertainment of the composition of a substance, whether the constituents are actually obtained in separate form or not.
  • noun The resolution or separation of anything which is compound, as a conception, a sentence, a material substance, or an event, into its constituent elements or into its causes; decomposition.
  • noun The regressive scientific method of discovery; research into causes; induction.
  • noun In mathematics: Originally, and still frequently, a regressive method, said to have been invented by Plato, which first assumes the conclusion and gradually leads back to the premises.
  • noun Algebraical reasoning, in which unknown quantities are operated upon in order to find their values.
  • noun The treatment of problems by a consideration of infinitesimals, or something equivalent, especially by the differential calculus (including the integral calculus, the calculus of variations, etc.): often called infinitesimal analysis. This is the common meaning of the word in modern times.
  • noun Hence — The discussion of a problem by means of algebra (in the sense of a system of symbols with rules of transformation), in opposition to a geometrical discussion of it, that is, a discussion resting directly upon the imagination of space: thus, analytical geometry is the treatment of geometrical problems by analysis.
  • noun A syllabus or synopsis of the contents of a book or discourse, or of the principles of a science.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun A resolution of anything, whether an object of the senses or of the intellect, into its constituent or original elements; an examination of the component parts of a subject, each separately, as the words which compose a sentence, the tones of a tune, or the simple propositions which enter into an argument. It is opposed to synthesis.
  • noun (Chem.) The separation of a compound substance, by chemical processes, into its constituents, with a view to ascertain either (a) what elements it contains, or (b) how much of each element is present. The former is called qualitative, and the latter quantitative analysis.
  • noun (Logic) The tracing of things to their source, and the resolving of knowledge into its original principles.
  • noun (Math.) The resolving of problems by reducing the conditions that are in them to equations.
  • noun A syllabus, or table of the principal heads of a discourse, disposed in their natural order.
  • noun A brief, methodical illustration of the principles of a science. In this sense it is nearly synonymous with synopsis.
  • noun (Nat. Hist.) The process of ascertaining the name of a species, or its place in a system of classification, by means of an analytical table or key.
  • noun (Chem.) See under Ultimate, Proximate, Qualitative, etc.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun countable, of a thing, theory A process of dismantling or separating into constituent elements in order to study the nature, function, or meaning.
  • noun countable The result of such a process.
  • noun uncountable, mathematics The mathematical study of functions, sequences, series, limits, derivatives and integrals.
  • noun countable, logic Proof by deduction from known truths.
  • noun countable, chemistry The process of breaking down a substance into its constituent parts, or the result of this process.
  • noun countable, psychology Psychoanalysis.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun an investigation of the component parts of a whole and their relations in making up the whole
  • noun a form of literary criticism in which the structure of a piece of writing is analyzed
  • noun the use of closed-class words instead of inflections: e.g., `the father of the bride' instead of `the bride's father'
  • noun a set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a method of treating various mental disorders; based on the theories of Sigmund Freud
  • noun a branch of mathematics involving calculus and the theory of limits; sequences and series and integration and differentiation
  • noun the abstract separation of a whole into its constituent parts in order to study the parts and their relations

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Medieval Latin, from Greek analusis, a dissolving, from analūein, to undo : ana-, throughout; see ana– + lūein, to loosen; see leu- in Indo-European roots.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Medieval Latin analysis, from Ancient Greek ἀνάλυσις (analusis), from ἀναλύω (analuō, "I unravel, investigate"), from ἀνά (ana, "on, up") + λύω (luō, "I loosen").

Examples

  • Understanding conceptions of analysis is not simply a matter of attending to the use of the word ˜analysis™ and its cognates ” or obvious equivalents in languages other than English, such as ˜analusis™ in Greek or

    Analysis

  • You can see the change in a Google Trends chart of web searches and news references for the term analysis of the #OWS Twitter hashtag thanks to my colleague Dan Fletcher shows a rise over the past month, spiking ahead of the Zuccotti police action.

    BusinessWeek.com -- Top News

  • Cost benefit analysis is code for cheaper when dead. nt

    The Left’s Distraction on Health Care - Erick’s blog - RedState

  • Even so, the medical conclusions have been supported by forensic experts (see Asia Times Online, Berg beheading: No way, say medical experts, and at crimelibrary. com, Bloodstain analysis from the video of Nick Berg's murder).

    Unreliable beheadings

  • Even so, the medical conclusions have been supported by forensic experts (see Asia Times Online, Berg beheading: No way, say medical experts, and at crimelibrary. com, Bloodstain analysis from the video of Nick Berg's murder).

    Archive 2004-05-01

  • That is essentially analytical: the breaking down of the whole into its component parts. “… the word analysis itself… comes from a Greek root meaning subdivide” Wildavsky, 1979:8.33 It is analysis, therefore, that is the basis for strategic planning.

    The Rise and Fall of Strategic Planning

  • That is essentially analytical: the breaking down of the whole into its component parts. “… the word analysis itself… comes from a Greek root meaning subdivide” Wildavsky, 1979:8.33 It is analysis, therefore, that is the basis for strategic planning.

    The Rise and Fall of Strategic Planning

  • = -- It is not in the above sense, however, that the term analysis is to be applied in the learning process.

    Ontario Normal School Manuals: Science of Education

  • MSNBC (shameless as they are) get embarrassed by continuing to trot out Chris Tingles up my leg Matthews to offer up political analysisand believe me, I use the term analysis very loosely in this sense.

    WN.com - Articles related to Gov't drops privatization for long-term lease

  • At what point does MSNBC (shameless as they are) get embarrassed by continuing to trot out Chris Tingles up my leg Matthews to offer up political analysisand believe me, I use the term analysis very loosely in this sense.

    WN.com - Articles related to Gov't drops privatization for long-term lease

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