from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun The separation of smaller molecules from larger molecules or of dissolved substances from colloidal particles in a solution by selective diffusion through a semipermeable membrane.
  • noun Hemodialysis.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun In grammar:
  • noun In rhetoric:
  • noun In anatomy, separation of parts in general; dissolution of continuity of parts previously united.
  • noun In medicine, loss of strength; weakness of the limbs.
  • noun In chem., the act or process of separating the soluble crystalloid substances in a mixture from the colloid, depending on the principle that soluble crystalloid bodies will diffuse readily through a moist membrane, while colloids diffuse very slowly, if at all.
  • noun [capitalized] [NL.] A genus of dipterous insects.
  • noun In botany, the separation of parts normally united, especially the parts of a whorl.
  • noun In petrography, transformation of rocks by weathering and processes of disintegration: in contrast to processes of metamorphism.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun (Gram.) Diæresis. See diæresis, 1.
  • noun (Rhet.) Same as Asyndeton.
  • noun Debility.
  • noun A solution of continuity; division; separation of parts.
  • noun (Chem.) The separation of different substances in solution, as crystalloids and colloids, by means of their unequal diffusion, especially through natural or artificial membranes.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun chemistry a method of separating molecules or particles of different sizes by differential diffusion through a semipermeable membrane
  • noun medicine haemodialysis
  • noun rhetoric The spelling out of alternatives, or presenting of either-or arguments that lead to a conclusion.
  • noun rhetoric Asyndeton.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun separation of substances in solution by means of their unequal diffusion through semipermeable membranes


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Greek dialusis, separating, dissolution, from dialūein, to break up, dissolve : dia-, apart; see dia– + lūein, to loosen; see leu- in Indo-European roots.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Dated in the late 16th Century CE; from Ancient Greek διά (diá, "inter” “through") and λύειν (lýein, "loosen").


  • And home dialysis is significantly cheaper than being treated in a clinic or hospital.

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  • At that point, they may need to begin dialysis immediately, which leaves little time to consider options or learn to do complex procedures at home.

    A Dialysis Treatment For The Busy Patient

  • As the long-term treatment for permanent kidney failure, dialysis is a good-news/bad-news technology.

    ...With Functioning Kidneys for All

  • The congestive heart failure has barely improved with the medication and now she's got kidney failure that dialysis is not an option for or not working for because of some kind of complication with her diabetes.

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  • A big advantage to home dialysis is that patients can do shorter treatments more frequently than the thrice weekly sessions typically offered in centers, which makes each less physically draining and allows less fluid and toxins to build up in between.

    A Dialysis Treatment For The Busy Patient

  • As the long-term treatment for permanent kidney failure, dialysis is a good-news/bad-news technology.

    ...With Functioning Kidneys for All

  • Since changes in the kidneys of long-term dialysis patients might be due to the underlying kidney disease, and kidney changes have not been consistently seen in animals exposed to DEHP, the significance of the rat kidney changes is not clear.

    Public Health Statement for Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP)

  • But why the kidneys are not working or how long someone needs to be on dialysis is different for each person.

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  • Hemophiliacs, patients on long-term dialysis, those who had severe trauma or major abdominal surgery like Miguel, the patient at the beginning of this chapter, and those who had a coronary artery bypass graft or other kinds of cardiac surgery had a particularly high risk of contracting hepatitis C because they often required multiple blood transfusions.


  • Other groups of people at higher risk of becoming infected with hepatitis C include people infected with HIV; current or former intravenous drug users, even it was a one-time occurrence; health care professionals; long-term dialysis patients; and those who received blood products or organs before 1992.

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