from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Concreted earthy or mineral matter; rock.
  • n. Such concreted matter of a particular type. Often used in combination: sandstone; soapstone.
  • n. A small piece of rock.
  • n. Rock or a piece of rock shaped or finished for a particular purpose, especially:
  • n. A piece of rock that is used in construction: a coping stone; a paving stone.
  • n. A gravestone or tombstone.
  • n. A grindstone, millstone, or whetstone.
  • n. A milestone or boundary.
  • n. A gem or precious stone.
  • n. Something, such as a hailstone, resembling a stone in shape or hardness.
  • n. Botany The hard covering enclosing the seed in certain fruits, such as the cherry, plum, or peach.
  • n. Pathology A mineral concretion in an organ, such as the kidney or gallbladder, or other body part; a calculus.
  • n. A unit of weight in Great Britain, 14 pounds (6.4 kilograms).
  • n. Printing A table with a smooth surface on which page forms are composed.
  • adj. Relating to or made of stone: a stone wall.
  • adj. Made of stoneware or earthenware.
  • adj. Complete; utter: a stone liar.
  • adv. Completely; utterly: stone cold; standing stone still.
  • transitive v. To hurl or throw stones at, especially to kill with stones.
  • transitive v. To remove the stones or pits from.
  • transitive v. To furnish, fit, pave, or line with stones.
  • transitive v. To rub on or with a stone in order to polish or sharpen.
  • transitive v. Obsolete To make hard or indifferent.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A hard earthen substance that can form large rocks and boulders.
  • n. A small piece of stone.
  • n. A gemstone, a jewel, especially a diamond.
  • n. (plural: stone) A unit of mass equal to 14 pounds. Used to measure the weights of people, animals, cheese, wool, etc. 1 stone ≈ 6.3503 kilograms
  • n. The central part of some fruits, particularly drupes; consisting of the seed and a hard endocarp layer.
  • n. A hard, stone-like deposit.
  • n. A playing piece made of any hard material, used in various board games such as backgammon, and go.
  • n. A dull light grey or beige, like that of some stones.
  • n. A 42-pound, precisely shaped piece of granite with a handle attached, which is bowled down the ice.
  • v. To pelt with stones, especially to kill by pelting with stones.
  • v. To remove a stone from (fruit etc.).
  • v. To form a stone during growth, with reference to fruit etc.
  • v. To intoxicate, especially with narcotics. (Usually in passive)
  • adj. Constructed of stone.
  • adj. Having the appearance of stone.
  • adj. Of a dull light grey or beige, like that of some stones.
  • adj. Used as an intensifier.
  • adv. As a stone (used with following adjective).
  • adv. Absolutely, completely (used with following adjective).

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Concreted earthy or mineral matter; also, any particular mass of such matter
  • n. A precious stone; a gem.
  • n. Something made of stone. Specifically:
  • n. The glass of a mirror; a mirror.
  • n. A monument to the dead; a gravestone.
  • n. A calculous concretion, especially one in the kidneys or bladder; the disease arising from a calculus.
  • n. One of the testes; a testicle.
  • n. The hard endocarp of drupes. See Illust. of Endocarp.
  • n. A weight which legally is fourteen pounds, but in practice varies with the article weighed.
  • n. Fig.: Symbol of hardness and insensibility; torpidness; insensibility.
  • n. A stand or table with a smooth, flat top of stone, commonly marble, on which to arrange the pages of a book, newspaper, etc., before printing; -- called also imposing stone.
  • transitive v. To pelt, beat, or kill with stones.
  • transitive v. To make like stone; to harden.
  • transitive v. To free from stones; also, to remove the seeds of.
  • transitive v. To wall or face with stones; to line or fortify with stones.
  • transitive v. To rub, scour, or sharpen with a stone.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A piece of rock of small or moderate size.
  • n. The hard material of which rock consists: in contradistinction to metal, wood, etc.
  • n. A piece of rock of a determined size, shape, or quality, or used for a defined purpose: as, a grindstone; a hearthstone; an altar-stone.
  • n. A gravestone; a monument or memorial tablet.
  • n. A millstone.
  • n. Iu printing, an imposing-stone.
  • n. In glass manufacturing, a fiattening-stone.
  • n. A precious stone; a gem. See precious.
  • n. A small, hard, rounded object resembling a stone or pebble: as, a hail-stone; a gall-stone; an ear-stone.
  • n. The glass of a mirror; a mirror of crystal.
  • n. A common measure of weight in use throughout the northwest and central countries of Europe, but varying much in different countries.
  • n. Synonyms and
  • n. See rock.
  • Made of stone: as, a stone house; a stone wall.
  • Made of stoneware: as, a stone jar; a stone mug.
  • To throw stones at; pelt with stones.
  • To make like stone; harden.
  • To free from stones, as fruit.
  • To provide or fit with stones, as by lining, walling, or facing: as, to stone a well or a road.
  • In leather manufacturing, to work (the leather) with a stock-stone to reduce it to uniform thickness, stretch it, and make it smooth-grained.
  • n. An imitation atone made up of red, yellow, blue, and green glass in small particles, which is cut in brilliant form and extensively sold by Armenian and Syrian dealers.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. United States architect (1902-1978)
  • n. United States filmmaker (born in 1946)
  • n. material consisting of the aggregate of minerals like those making up the Earth's crust
  • n. a crystalline rock that can be cut and polished for jewelry
  • n. a lack of feeling or expression or movement
  • n. an avoirdupois unit used to measure the weight of a human body; equal to 14 pounds
  • n. United States jurist who served on the United States Supreme Court as chief justice (1872-1946)
  • v. kill by throwing stones at
  • n. United States feminist and suffragist (1818-1893)
  • n. a lump or mass of hard consolidated mineral matter
  • adj. of any of various dull tannish or grey colors
  • n. United States journalist who advocated liberal causes (1907-1989)
  • v. remove the pits from
  • n. building material consisting of a piece of rock hewn in a definite shape for a special purpose
  • n. United States jurist who was named chief justice of the United States Supreme Court in 1941 by Franklin D. Roosevelt (1872-1946)
  • n. the hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Middle English, from Old English stān.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle English stan, ston, from Old English stān, from Proto-Germanic *stainaz (cf. Dutch steen, German Stein), from Proto-Indo-European *st(y)oy- (compare Latin stiria ‘icicle’, Russian стена (stená, "wall"), Ancient Greek στῖον (stîon, "pebble"), stear ‘tallow’, Albanian shtëng ("hardened or pressed matter"), Sanskrit styāyate ‘it hardens’).



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  • Oh! I got it to work just now--but I copied "tree-free-paper-alternatives" from the URL at the top.

    July 8, 2015

  • Weird. Is it because tree-free-paper-alternatives already contains a hyphen?

    July 8, 2015

  • Why is the link to my list not working? I used curly braces. I included the list with their original hyphens and then with all hyphens. The result: rhinos with red toenails 404.

    July 8, 2015

  • Yes, paper can be made from stone. From the list tree-free-paper-alternatives

    July 8, 2015