from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun A brilliant green to grass-green transparent variety of beryl, used as a gemstone.
  • noun A strong yellowish green.
  • adjective Of a strong yellowish green.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun A variety of the mineral beryl, having a deep, clear green color, and when transparent highly prized as a gem.
  • noun The name in Great Britain of a size of printing-type, intermediate between minion (which is larger) and nonpareil (which is smaller), and measuring 138 lines to the foot. It is not used in the United States.
  • noun In entomology, one of several small green geometrid moths, as the grass emerald, Pseudoterpna pruinata, and the Essex emerald, Phorodesma smaragdaria.
  • Of a bright green, like emerald.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun (Min.) A precious stone of a rich green color, a variety of beryl. See beryl.
  • noun (Print.) A kind of type, in size between minion and nonpare�l. It is used by English printers.
  • adjective Of a rich green color, like that of the emerald.
  • adjective (Zoöl.) a fish of the Gulf of Mexico (Gobionellus oceanicus), remarkable for the brilliant green and blue color of the base of the tongue; -- whence the name; -- called also esmeralda.
  • adjective a very durable pigment, of a vivid light green color, made from the arseniate of copper; green bice; Scheele's green; -- also used adjectively.
  • adjective a name given to Ireland on account of the brightness of its verdure.
  • adjective (Min.) See Hiddenite.
  • adjective (Min.) See Zaratite.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • adjective Of a rich green colour.
  • noun Any of various green gemstones, especially a green transparent form of beryl, highly valued as a precious stone.
  • noun emerald green

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun a green transparent form of beryl; highly valued as a gemstone
  • noun the green color of an emerald
  • noun a transparent piece of emerald that has been cut and polished and is valued as a precious gem


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Middle English emeraude, from Old French, from Medieval Latin esmeralda, esmeraldus, from Latin smaragdus, from Greek smaragdos; akin to Sanskrit marakatam, probably of Semitic origin; akin to Akkadian barraqtu and Hebrew bāreqet, a kind of gemstone (probably emerald); see brq in Semitic roots.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle English emeraude, from Old French esmeraude, from Vulgar Latin *esmaralda, *esmaraldus, variant of Latin smaragdus,, from Ancient Greek σμάραγδος, μάραγδος (maragdos), from Semitic root b-r-q “to shoot lightning, to flash in darkness”, compare Hebrew בָּרֶקֶת (bareket) “emerald, flashing gem”, Akkadian barruktu, Arabic buraq “lightning”. Sanskrit मरकत (marakata) from a Semitic language. Persian زمرد (zomorrod) (whence Turkish zümrüt, whence Russian изумруд (izumrud) from Ancient Greek σμάραγδος (smaragdos).



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