Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A blue to blue-green mineral of aluminum and copper, mainly CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8·4H2O, prized as a gemstone in its polished blue form.
  • n. A light to brilliant bluish green.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A sky-blue, greenish-blue, or greenish-gray semi-precious gemstone.
  • n. A pale greenish-blue colour, like that of the gemstone.
  • adj. Made of turquoise (the gemstone).
  • adj. Having a pale greenish-blue colour.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A hydrous phosphate of alumina containing a little copper; calaite. It has a blue, or bluish green, color, and usually occurs in reniform masses with a botryoidal surface.
  • adj. Having a fine light blue color, like that of choice mineral turquoise.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. An opaque blue or greenish-blue precious stone, consisting essentially of a phosphate of aluminium containing a little copper and iron.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a shade of blue tinged with green
  • n. a blue to grey green mineral consisting of copper aluminum phosphate

Etymologies

Middle English turkeis and French turquoise, both from Old French (pierre) turqueise, Turkish (stone), turquoise, feminine of turqueis, Turkish, from Turc, Turk; see Turk.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle French turquoise, from Old French (pierre) turqueise ("Turkish (stone)"). The stone was originally brought to Europe from Turkestan. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • GSI pointed out that turquoise is the color of the throat, the voice, communication.

    Pensée du lundi 1er juin

  • We also found a second fabulous pair — edgier in turquoise and black — that we instantly dubbed my Berlin glasses.

    Pensée du lundi 1er juin

  • Since aqua/turquoise is one of my favorite color types, I think my vote would be on "before".

    Fun with Dyeing, part 2

  • I bought yards of plain turquoise, a golden print, and a print with mixtures of pink, purple, red, green and black.

    Stitching a story

  • Resplendent in turquoise from forelock to hoof, Trigger and Buttermilk were subsequently elevated to the unlikely role of room-divider ornaments.

    Home Alone

  • Shhhhhh, young men in turquoise t-shirts hiss at us.

    ChangeYourLife! Sdn. Bhd.

  • When Ser Jaime Alonzo Pietrado ei Villareal arrived, dressed in turquoise doublet and breeches, the Ispaniola-in-Hinirang burst into a thunderous applause.

    V. At the Plaza Binondo

  • I have one pair in turquoise that matches many of my outfits but still I'll return to my Tiva walking sandals for summer, SASS closed walking shoes for cool days.

    Walking, gawking, talking

  • "Well, do you remember a conversation you had with Joyce about it afterward, in which you called the turquoise the 'friendship stone,' because it was true blue?

    The Little Colonel: Maid of Honor

  • Overall, turquoise is said to open all chakras, allowing the stone’s powers of love and communication to flow through the entire being.

    Pensée du lundi 1er juin

Comments

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  • And turquoise is not in Turkey though its name is derived from it through Old French. Tiffany Co. recognized "turquoise" for its pizzazz in the 30s - in 1837 if I remember correctly - and branded it as their catalog color. Its a different strain of stained glass called Tiffany blue (some call it close to robin's egg blue) but it may also be called a strain of turquoise. What a mythstory (mystery)! You can far see and/or be shortsighted!

    February 1, 2009

  • No-one has claimed Shiraz is in Australia.

    February 1, 2009

  • on pizzazzzz - myth is something that perhaps never was but always is - you obviously have never seen a fine bizzzzbee (Bisbee)turquoise or a fine Cerrillos stone. Shiraz is a town in Persia not Australia after all.

    February 1, 2009

  • I am swooning that you mentioned Berlin and Kay.

    December 4, 2008

  • The supposed 'pizzazz' connexion looks like the usual far-fetched nonsense possibly inspired by a random vague resemblance to something (eta: presumably Persian piroza "turquoise"). The first use of the word ('pizazz') is in Harper's Bazaar, 1937, claiming to be quoting the editor of the Harvard Lampoon. How Persian or turquoise would get in there is not apparent.

    December 4, 2008

  • Is there a reference for the putative link between pizzazz and turquoise? All of the online dictionaries I've checked say that pizzazz is of unknown etymology.

    December 4, 2008

  • Tshakur, spoken on the border between Russia and Azerbaijan, is the only language known which has a basic color term for turquoise.

    (According to Berlin and Kay, the linguists who introduced the idea, to be considered a basic color term, a word has to be monoleximic - "green", but not "light green" or "forest green", high-frequency, and agreed upon by speakers of that language; this last point can be ambiguous, as native speakers may not always agree with each other).

    December 4, 2008

  • the word pizzazz is from the Farsi word used to describe the color of an exceptional piece of turquoise

    October 18, 2008