Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A purple or violet form of transparent quartz used as a gemstone.
  • n. A purple variety of corundum used as a gemstone.
  • n. A moderate purple to grayish reddish purple.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A transparent purple variety of quartz, used as a gemstone.
  • n. A purple colour.
  • n. The purple tincture when emblazoning the arms of the English nobility.
  • adj. Having a colour similar to that of the gemstone

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • A variety of crystallized quartz, of a purple or bluish violet color, of different shades. It is much used as a jeweler's stone.
  • A purple color in a nobleman's escutcheon, or coat of arms.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A violet-blue or purple variety of quartz, the color being perhaps due to the presence of peroxid of iron.
  • n. In heraldry, the color purple when described in blazoning a nobleman's escutcheon. See tincture.
  • n. The name of a humming-bird, Calliphlox amethystina.
  • n. A trade-name for certain artificial dyes of the azine class, as tetramethyl safranine and tetra-amyl safranine.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. of a moderate purple color
  • n. a transparent purple variety of quartz; used as a gemstone

Etymologies

Middle English amatist, from Old French, from Latin amethystus, from Greek amethustos, not drunk or intoxicating, remedy for intoxication, amethyst : a-, not; see a-1 + *methuskein, to intoxicate (from methuein, to be drunk, from methu, wine; see medhu- in Indo-European roots).
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Middle English ametist, from Old French ametiste (French améthyste), from Ancient Greek ἀμέθυστος (amethustos, "not drunk"), from ἀ- (a-, "not") + μεθύω (methuō, "I am drunk"), from μέθυ (methu, "wine"). The Greeks believed that the amethyst prevented intoxication. (Wiktionary)

Examples

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