from The Century Dictionary.

  • To fly straight up rapidly when flushed, as a pheasant.
  • noun A portion.
  • noun Same as water-rocket, 3.
  • noun An obsolete or dialectal form of rochet.
  • noun A cylindrical tube of pasteboard or metal filled with a mixture of niter, sulphur, charcoal, etc., which, on being ignited at the base, propels the tube forward by the impact of the liberated gases against the atmosphere.
  • noun The lever by which a forge-bellows is inflated.
  • noun In old usage, the salad-plant Eruca sativa. See Eruca.
  • noun In modern usage, a plant of the genus Hesperis, chiefly H. matronalis, also called dame's-violet or -rocket, garden-rocket, or white rocket.
  • noun One of various other plants, chiefly Cruciferæ. See phrases.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • intransitive verb (Sporting), engraving To rise straight up; said of birds; usually in the present participle or as an adjective.
  • noun An artificial firework consisting of a cylindrical case of paper or metal filled with a composition of combustible ingredients, as niter, charcoal, and sulphur, and fastened to a guiding stick. The rocket is projected through the air by the force arising from the expansion of the gases liberated by combustion of the composition. Rockets are used as projectiles for various purposes, for signals, and also for pyrotechnic display.
  • noun A blunt lance head used in the joust.
  • noun any flying device propelled by the reactive force of hot gases expelled in the direction opposite its motion. The fuel used to generate the expelled gases in rockets may be solid or liquid; rockets propelled by liquid fuels typically have a combustible fuel (such as hydrogen or kerosene) which is combined inside the rocket engine with an oxidizer, such as liquid oxygen. Single liquid fuels (called monopropellants) are also known. Since rocket engines do not depend on a surrounding fluid medium to generate their thrust, as do airplanes with propellers or jet engines, they may be used for propulsion in the vacuum of space.
  • noun a powerful form of rocket for use in war, invented by Sir William Congreve. It may be used either in the field or for bombardment; in the former case, it is armed with shells or case shot; in the latter, with a combustible material inclosed in a metallic case, which is inextinguishable when kindled, and scatters its fire on every side.
  • noun A cruciferous plant (Eruca sativa) sometimes eaten in Europe as a salad.
  • noun Damewort.
  • noun Rocket larkspur. See below.
  • noun (Bot.) See Dyer's broom, under Broom.
  • noun (Bot.) an annual plant with showy flowers in long racemes (Delphinium Ajacis).
  • noun (Bot.) either of two fleshy cruciferous plants (Cakile maritima and Cakile Americana) found on the seashore of Europe and America.
  • noun (Bot.) a common cruciferous weed with yellow flowers (Barbarea vulgaris).

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun The leaf vegetable Eruca sativa.
  • noun A rocket engine.
  • noun military A non-guided missile propelled by a rocket engine.
  • noun A vehicle propelled by a rocket engine.
  • noun A rocket propelled firework, a skyrocket
  • noun slang An ace (the playing card).
  • noun military slang An angry communication (such as a letter or telegram) to a subordinate.
  • verb To accelerate swiftly and powerfully
  • verb To fly vertically
  • verb To rise or soar rapidly
  • verb To carry something in a rocket
  • verb To attack something with rockets

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • verb shoot up abruptly, like a rocket
  • verb propel with a rocket
  • noun erect European annual often grown as a salad crop to be harvested when young and tender
  • noun sends a firework display high into the sky
  • noun a jet engine containing its own propellant and driven by reaction propulsion
  • noun any vehicle self-propelled by a rocket engine
  • noun propels bright light high in the sky, or used to propel a lifesaving line or harpoon


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

French roquette, Italian ruchetta, diminutive of ruca, Latin eruca. Cognate to arugula.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Italian rocchetta, from Old Italian rochetto ("rocket", literally "a bobbin"), diminutive of rocca ("a distaff"), from Lombardic *rocco, *rocko (“a distaff”), from Proto-Germanic *rukkô (“a distaff”), from Proto-Indo-European *rukn-, *rÁkn-, *rÁnk- (“web; weaving”); related to Proto-Indo-European *araKsn- (“spider”). Cognate with Old High German rocco, rocko, roccho, rocho ("a distaff"; > German Rocken ("a distaff")), Swedish rock ("a distaff"), Icelandic rokkur ("a distaff"), Middle English rocke ("a distaff"). More at rock.


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  • This was a heavy barrage of what they call rocket-assisted projectiles, coming from 155 millimeter Howitzers, that's a very big gun, firing directly over our heads, as you can hear the rounds passing over us and then several seconds later hear the loud clap as they impact on what was believed to be Republican Guard -- a Republican Guard division that may be dug in or in place out there.

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  • Rocket, roquette, or rucola, as arugula is more commonly known outside the United States, is widely eaten in Europe, and especially in Italy.

    America Blew It on Arugula Amanda Mull 2019


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