Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A dome-shaped monument, used to house Buddhist relics or to commemorate significant facts of Buddhism or Jainism. Also called tope3.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A dome-shaped Buddhist monument, used to house relics of the Lord Buddha.
  • n. A stupe (medicated cloth or sponge).

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Sanskrit stūpaḥ, tuft of hair, crown of the head, summit, stupa.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Sanskrit स्तूप (stūpa).

Examples

Comments

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  • "The first identifiable drawings on the Karakorum Pass, made in the first to third centuries, show a round burial mound, called a stupa, with a ladder reaching up to them. Followers of Buddha, who died circa 400 BCE, walked clockwise around mounds containing his remains. These mounds changed shape over the centuries, becoming taller and more like columns; ultimately they took the form of pagodas in China and Japan. Early Buddhist art did not portray the Buddha, but drawings made in the seventh and eighth centuries depict different scenes in the historical Buddha's life, as well as other buddhas and bodhisattvas, who were believed to have turned back at the moment of attaining nirvana to help their fellow Buddhists still on earth. Zoroastrians, who adhere to the teachings of the Iranian prophet Zarathustra, made other sketches depicting fire altars."

    --Valerie Hansen, The Silk Road: A New History (Oxford and New York: Oxford UP, 2012), 30

    December 30, 2016