from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. An ancient Egyptian tomb with a rectangular base, sloping sides, and a flat roof.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A wide stone bench built into the wall of a house, shop etc. in the Middle East.
  • n. A rectangular structure with a flat top and slightly sloping sides, built during Ancient Egyptian times above tombs that were situated on flat land. Mastabas were made of wood, mud bricks, stone, or a combination of these materials. Some are solid structures, while others can contain one or more rooms, sometimes decorated with paintings or inscriptions.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • In Mohammedan countries, a fixed seat, common in dwellings and in public places.
  • A type of tomb, of the time of the Memphite dynasties, comprising an oblong structure with sloping sides (sometimes containing a decorated chamber, sometimes of solid masonry), and connected with a mummy chamber in the rock beneath.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The earliest form of Egyptian tomb, a building oblong or square in plan and having sloping sides and a flat roof. It covers the sepulchral pit.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. an ancient Egyptian mud-brick tomb with a rectangular base and sloping sides and flat roof


Arabic maṣṭabba, stone bench, from Aramaic misṭubbā, perhaps of Persian or Greek origin.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Arabic مِصْطَبَة (misTabat, "bench"). (Wiktionary)



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