from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.
- noun A discussion in which disagreement is expressed; a debate.
- noun A quarrel; a dispute.
- noun Archaic A reason or matter for dispute or contention.
- noun A course of reasoning aimed at demonstrating truth or falsehood.
- noun A fact or statement put forth as proof or evidence; a reason.
- noun A set of statements in which one follows logically as a conclusion from the others.
- noun A summary or short statement of the plot or subject of a literary work.
- noun A topic; a subject.
- noun Logic The minor premise in a syllogism.
- noun The independent variable of a function.
- noun The angle of a complex number measured from the positive horizontal axis.
- noun Computers A value used to evaluate a procedure or subroutine.
- noun Linguistics A word, phrase, or clause in a semantic relation with a word or phrase and that helps complete the meaning of that word or phrase, such as a noun phrase that is the object of a verb. The clause that we go is an argument of the verb suggest in the sentence I suggest that we go.
from The Century Dictionary.
- noun When one variable is dependent upon another, the dependent variable is called a function of the other variable, which is then called the argument of the function.
- noun A statement or fact tending to produce belief concerning a matter in doubt; a premise or premises set forth in order to prove an assumption or conclusion.
- noun [This, the familiar meaning of the word, probably originated in Roman law-courts. The usual definition given by Cicero and almost all authorities is ratio rei dubiœ faciens fidem, a reason causing belief of a doubtful matter. Boëtius in one place defines it as a medium proving a conclusion. The word medium here means a premise, or premises, according to all the commentators. (Petrus Hisp., tr. v. ad init.) But since medium usually means the middle term of a syllogism, some logicians have been led to give argument this signification.]
- noun The middle term of a syllogism.
- noun A reasoning; the process by which the connection between that which is or is supposed to be admitted and that which is doubted or supposed to need confirmation is traced or tested.
- noun An address or composition made for the purpose of producing belief or conviction by reasoning or persuasion.
- noun A series of argumentations for and against a proposition; a debate.
- noun The subject-matter or groundwork of a discourse or writing; specifically, an abstract or summary of the chief points in a book or section of a book: as, the arguments prefixed to the several books of “Paradise Lost” were an afterthought.
- noun Matter of contention, controversy, or conversation.
- noun In mathematics: Of an imaginary quantity, the coefficient of the imaginary unit in its logarithm.
- noun The angle or quantity on which a series of numbers in a numerical table depends and with which the table is entered.
- To argue; debate; bring forward reasons.
- To make the subject of an argument or debate.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- intransitive verb obsolete To make an argument; to argue.
- noun obsolete Proof; evidence.
- noun A reason or reasons offered in proof, to induce belief, or convince the mind; reasoning expressed in words.
- noun A process of reasoning, or a controversy made up of rational proofs; argumentation; discussion; disputation.
- noun The subject matter of a discourse, writing, or artistic representation; theme or topic; also, an abstract or summary, as of the contents of a book, chapter, poem.
- noun obsolete Matter for question; business in hand.
- noun (Astron.) The quantity on which another quantity in a table depends.
- noun (Math.) The independent variable upon whose value that of a function depends.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- noun A
factor statementused to supporta proposition; a reason.
- noun A verbal
dispute; a quarrel.
- noun A
- noun philosophy, logic A
seriesof propositions organizedso that the finalproposition is a conclusionwhich is intendedto follow logicallyfrom the precedingpropositions, which function as premises.
- noun mathematics The independent variable of a function.
- noun programming A
value, or reference to a value, passed to a function.
- noun programming A
parameterin a function definition; an actual parameter, as opposed to a formal parameter.
- noun linguistics Any of the
phrasesthat bears a syntacticconnection to the verbof a clause.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- noun a discussion in which reasons are advanced for and against some proposition or proposal
- noun (computer science) a reference or value that is passed to a function, procedure, subroutine, command, or program
- noun a fact or assertion offered as evidence that something is true
- noun a summary of the subject or plot of a literary work or play or movie
from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
From this perspective, Russell's argument might seem akin to the ˜argument™ that calculus has eliminated the variable, because the word does not appear in the equations!
The Metaphysics of Causation Schaffer, Jonathan 2007
III. i.3 (276,7) [an absent argument] An _argument_ is used for the
Notes to Shakespeare — Volume 01: Comedies Samuel Johnson 1746
Concerntug the v* - trade* the force of my argument goes no farther than this; — that its Juppftfliou, by the ISrihfli government only, other nations continuing the trade as ufua\ % who would of cotirfe felSC on what we funender, would anfwer the purpofes of humanity, cither to the negroes tn Africa, or to thofe already in the Weft Indies; and I have quoted* in fupport of this opinion, the authoiitiesof men (naval commander! and others) who arc intimately acquainted with the trade, though no ways intended in its continuance; and I have not yet met with any evidence or argument* to Kivtttdate their testimony.
The Monthly Review 1795
McLaughlin (1984, 1995) calls this style of argumentation ˜argument by appeal to a false implied supervenience thesis™ ” or, for short, argument by appeal to a FIST.
Supervenience McLaughlin, Brian 2005
The reason this argument is absurd is that it totally ignores the main argument for increasing out-of-pocket health care costs: that people use too much expensive health care when the marginal cost of care is very low.
Their main argument is if regulations are too tight, the big banks will be less competitive internationally.
Robert Reich: Wall Street's Global Race to the Bottom Robert Reich 2010
My main argument is this: when an economy is starting from almost zero, high economic growth rates are easy to come by.
Taylor's main argument is that our overspecialized colleges and universities are increasingly divorced from the hyper-connected world defined by "webs, not walls."
Michael Roth: Virtuous Circle of Teaching and Research Michael Roth 2010
One of their main argument is that an 8 team playoff would make the other bowl games meaningless.
Next, he main argument is that banks cannot to become ‘To Big to Fail’.
Their collective noun, they say, should be an argument of beekeepers.
Is Beekeeping Wrong? Condé Nast 2023