from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A discussion in which disagreement is expressed; a debate.
- n. A quarrel; a dispute.
- n. Archaic A reason or matter for dispute or contention: "sheath'd their swords for lack of argument” ( Shakespeare).
- n. A course of reasoning aimed at demonstrating truth or falsehood: presented a careful argument for extraterrestrial life.
- n. A fact or statement put forth as proof or evidence; a reason: The current low mortgage rates are an argument for buying a house now.
- n. A set of statements in which one follows logically as a conclusion from the others.
- n. A summary or short statement of the plot or subject of a literary work.
- n. A topic; a subject: "You and love are still my argument” ( Shakespeare).
- n. Logic The minor premise in a syllogism.
- n. Mathematics An independent variable of a function.
- n. Mathematics The angle of a complex number measured from the positive horizontal axis.
- n. Computer Science A value used to evaluate a procedure or subroutine.
- n. Linguistics In generative grammar, any of various positions occupied by a noun phrase in a sentence.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A fact or statement used to support a proposition; a reason.
- n. A verbal dispute; a quarrel.
- n. A process of reasoning.
- n. A series of propositions organized so that the final proposition is a conclusion which is intended to follow logically from the preceding propositions, which function as premises.
- n. The independent variable of a function.
- n. A value, or reference to a value, passed to a function.
- n. A parameter in a function definition; an actual parameter, as opposed to a formal parameter.
- n. Any of the phrases that bears a syntactic connection to the verb of a clause.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. Proof; evidence.
- n. A reason or reasons offered in proof, to induce belief, or convince the mind; reasoning expressed in words.
- n. A process of reasoning, or a controversy made up of rational proofs; argumentation; discussion; disputation.
- n. The subject matter of a discourse, writing, or artistic representation; theme or topic; also, an abstract or summary, as of the contents of a book, chapter, poem.
- n. Matter for question; business in hand.
- n. The quantity on which another quantity in a table depends.
- n. The independent variable upon whose value that of a function depends.
- intransitive v. To make an argument; to argue.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A statement or fact tending to produce belief concerning a matter in doubt; a premise or premises set forth in order to prove an assumption or conclusion.
- n. [This, the familiar meaning of the word, probably originated in Roman law-courts. The usual definition given by Cicero and almost all authorities is ratio rei dubiœ faciens fidem, a reason causing belief of a doubtful matter. Boëtius in one place defines it as a medium proving a conclusion. The word medium here means a premise, or premises, according to all the commentators. (Petrus Hisp., tr. v. ad init.) But since medium usually means the middle term of a syllogism, some logicians have been led to give argument this signification.]
- n. The middle term of a syllogism.
- n. A reasoning; the process by which the connection between that which is or is supposed to be admitted and that which is doubted or supposed to need confirmation is traced or tested.
- n. An address or composition made for the purpose of producing belief or conviction by reasoning or persuasion.
- n. A series of argumentations for and against a proposition; a debate.
- n. The subject-matter or groundwork of a discourse or writing; specifically, an abstract or summary of the chief points in a book or section of a book: as, the arguments prefixed to the several books of “Paradise Lost” were an afterthought.
- n. Matter of contention, controversy, or conversation.
- n. In mathematics: Of an imaginary quantity, the coefficient of the imaginary unit in its logarithm.
- n. The angle or quantity on which a series of numbers in a numerical table depends and with which the table is entered.
- To argue; debate; bring forward reasons.
- To make the subject of an argument or debate.
- n. When one variable is dependent upon another, the dependent variable is called a function of the other variable, which is then called the argument of the function.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a discussion in which reasons are advanced for and against some proposition or proposal
- n. (computer science) a reference or value that is passed to a function, procedure, subroutine, command, or program
- n. a fact or assertion offered as evidence that something is true
- n. a summary of the subject or plot of a literary work or play or movie
- n. a variable in a logical or mathematical expression whose value determines the dependent variable; if f(x)=y, x is the independent variable
- n. a contentious speech act; a dispute where there is strong disagreement
- n. a course of reasoning aimed at demonstrating a truth or falsehood; the methodical process of logical reasoning
From this perspective, Russell's argument might seem akin to the ˜argument™ that calculus has eliminated the variable, because the word does not appear in the equations!
III. i.3 (276,7) [an absent argument] An _argument_ is used for the
Concerntug the v* - trade* the force of my argument goes no farther than this; — that its Juppftfliou, by the ISrihfli government only, other nations continuing the trade as ufua\ % who would of cotirfe felSC on what we funender, would anfwer the purpofes of humanity, cither to the negroes tn Africa, or to thofe already in the Weft Indies; and I have quoted* in fupport of this opinion, the authoiitiesof men (naval commander! and others) who arc intimately acquainted with the trade, though no ways intended in its continuance; and I have not yet met with any evidence or argument* to Kivtttdate their testimony.
McLaughlin (1984, 1995) calls this style of argumentation ˜argument by appeal to a false implied supervenience thesis™ ” or, for short, argument by appeal to a FIST.
The reason this argument is absurd is that it totally ignores the main argument for increasing out-of-pocket health care costs: that people use too much expensive health care when the marginal cost of care is very low.
One of their main argument is that an 8 team playoff would make the other bowl games meaningless.
Next, he main argument is that banks cannot to become ‘To Big to Fail’.
Their main argument is if regulations are too tight, the big banks will be less competitive internationally.
My main argument is this: when an economy is starting from almost zero, high economic growth rates are easy to come by.
Taylor's main argument is that our overspecialized colleges and universities are increasingly divorced from the hyper-connected world defined by "webs, not walls."