from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • intransitive v. To deviate from the horizontal or vertical; slant.
  • intransitive v. To be disposed to a certain preference, opinion, or course of action.
  • intransitive v. To lower or bend the head or body, as in a nod or bow.
  • transitive v. To cause to lean, slant, or slope.
  • transitive v. To influence to have a certain tendency; dispose: Recent events incline us to distrust all politicians.
  • transitive v. To bend or lower in a nod or bow: inclined her head in acquiescence.
  • n. An inclined surface; a slope or gradient.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To bend or move (something) out of a given plane or direction, often the horizontal or vertical.
  • v. To slope.
  • v. To tend to do or believe something, or move or be moved in a certain direction, away from a point of view, attitude, etc.
  • n. A slope.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. An inclined plane; an ascent or descent; a grade or gradient; a slope.
  • intransitive v. To deviate from a line, direction, or course, toward an object; to lean; to tend
  • intransitive v. Fig.: To lean or tend, in an intellectual or moral sense; to favor an opinion, a course of conduct, or a person; to have a propensity or inclination; to be disposed.
  • intransitive v. To bow; to incline the head.
  • transitive v. To cause to deviate from a line, position, or direction; to give a leaning, bend, or slope to
  • transitive v. To impart a tendency or propensity to, as to the will or affections; to turn; to dispose; to influence.
  • transitive v. To bend; to cause to stoop or bow.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To bend down; lean; turn obliquely from or toward a given direction or position; deviate from a line or course; tend: as, the column inclines from the perpendicular.
  • To bow; bend the head or the body, especially as a mark of courtesy or respect.
  • To have a mental bent or tendency; be disposed; tend, as toward an opinion, a course of action, etc.
  • To tend, in a physical sense; approximate.
  • In marching, to gain ground to the flank, as well as to the front.
  • To bend down; cause to lean; give a leaning to; cause to deviate from or toward a given line, position, or direction; direct.
  • To bend (the body), as in an act of reverence or civility; cause to stoop or bow.
  • To give a tendency or propension to; turn; dispose.
  • n. An inclination; a bow.
  • n. An inclined plane; an ascent or a descent, as in a road or a railway;a slope.
  • n. A shaft or mine-opening having considerable inclination.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. make receptive or willing towards an action or attitude or belief
  • v. be at an angle
  • v. bend or turn (one's ear) towards a speaker in order to listen well
  • n. an elevated geological formation
  • v. have a tendency or disposition to do or be something; be inclined
  • v. lower or bend (the head or upper body), as in a nod or bow
  • v. feel favorably disposed or willing
  • n. an inclined surface connecting two levels


Middle English enclinen, from Old French encliner, from Latin inclīnāre : in-, into, toward; see in-2 + -clīnāre, to lean; see klei- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Old French encliner (modern incliner), from Latin inclīnō ("incline, tilt"), from in- + clīnō (c.f. -cline), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱley- (English lean). (Wiktionary)



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