Definitions

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun A frown; scowl; frowning; sullenness.
  • noun Cloudiness; gloominess.
  • To frown; scowl; look sullen; watch in sullen silence.
  • To appear dark or gloomy; be clouded; threaten a storm.
  • To look bad; appear in bad condition.
  • To lurk; crouch; skulk.
  • To strike, as a clock, with a low prolonged sound; toll the curfew.
  • To cause to descend; let down; take or bring down: as, to lower the sail of a ship; to lower cargo into the hold.
  • To reduce or bring down, as in height, amount, value, estimation, condition, degree, etc.; make low or lower: as, to lower a wall (by removing a part of the top); to lower the water in a canal (by allowing some to run off); to lower the temperature of a room or the quality of goods; to lower the point of a spear or the muzzle of a gun; to lower prices or the rate of interest.
  • To bring down in spirit; humble; humiliate: as, to lower one's pride; to lower one in the estimation of others.
  • In relief-engraving
  • to scrape or cut away, as the surface of a block, in such manner as to leave it highest in the middle; or
  • to depress, as any part of the surface which it is desired shall print lightly from being exposed to a diminished pressure.
  • In music, to change from a high to a low pitch; specifically, in musical notation, to depress; flat: said of changing the significance of a staff-degree or of a note on such a degree by attaching a flat to it either in the signature or as an accidental.
  • To fall; sink; grow less; become lower in any way.
  • noun Hire; reward.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • adjective Compar. of low, a.
  • intransitive verb To be dark, gloomy, and threatening, as clouds; to be covered with dark and threatening clouds, as the sky; to show threatening signs of approach, as a tempest.
  • intransitive verb To frown; to look sullen.
  • intransitive verb To fall; to sink; to grow less; to diminish; to decrease.
  • transitive verb To let descend by its own weight, as something suspended; to let down; ; sometimes, to pull down.
  • transitive verb To reduce the height of
  • transitive verb To depress as to direction; ; to make less elevated as to object.
  • transitive verb To reduce the degree, intensity, strength, etc., of
  • transitive verb To bring down; to humble.
  • transitive verb To reduce in value, amount, etc.
  • noun Cloudiness; gloominess.
  • noun A frowning; sullenness.
  • adjective relating to small or noncapital letters which were kept in the lower half of a compositor's type case.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • adjective comparative form of low: more low
  • adverb comparative form of low: more low
  • verb transitive To let descend by its own weight, as something suspended; to let down
  • verb transitive to pull down
  • verb transitive To reduce the height of
  • verb transitive To depress as to direction
  • verb transitive To make less elevated
  • verb transitive To reduce the degree, intensity, strength, etc., of
  • verb transitive To bring down; to humble
  • verb reflexive (lower oneself) To humble oneself; to do something one considers to be beneath one's dignity.
  • verb transitive To reduce (something) in value, amount, etc.
  • verb intransitive To fall; to sink; to grow less; to diminish; to decrease
  • verb intransitive To decrease in value, amount, etc.
  • verb intransitive To be dark, gloomy, and threatening, as clouds; to be covered with dark and threatening clouds, as the sky; to show threatening signs of approach, as a tempest.
  • verb intransitive To frown; to look sullen.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • verb cause to drop or sink
  • verb look angry or sullen, wrinkle one's forehead, as if to signal disapproval
  • verb set lower
  • verb move something or somebody to a lower position
  • verb make lower or quieter
  • noun the lower of two berths

Etymologies

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From low + -er ("comparative")

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Old English lowren, luren; Compare Dutch loeren, Late German luren. German lauern ("to lurk, to be on the watch"), and English leer, lurk.

Examples

  • And as it gets hold of you it crowds your mind and heart and life till every other is either crowded out, or crowded to a lower place; _out_, if it jars; _lower place_, if it agrees, for every agreeing bit yields to the lead of this tremendous message.

    Quiet Talks on John's Gospel

  • Journalists, for example, generally describe all but the very rich Age differences playa fundamental role in shaping the values and poor as middle class and the working class as lower middle of middle Americans simply because security, control, comfort, class. 13 and convenience have different meanings and priorities at all A generation or two ago the notion of a combined lower­ stages in the life cycle.

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  • If you choose a name lower on the list, your child is less likely to share that name with a classmate.

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  • If you choose a name lower on the list, your child is less likely to share that name with a classmate.

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  • She had not learnt that those innocents, pushed by an excessive love of pleasure, are for the term lower in the scale than their wary darker cousins, and must come to the diviner light of intelligence through suffering.

    Complete Project Gutenberg Works of George Meredith

  • She had not learnt that those innocents, pushed by an excessive love of pleasure, are for the term lower in the scale than their wary darker cousins, and must come to the diviner light of intelligence through suffering.

    The Amazing Marriage — Volume 5

  • She had not learnt that those innocents, pushed by an excessive love of pleasure, are for the term lower in the scale than their wary darker cousins, and must come to the diviner light of intelligence through suffering.

    The Amazing Marriage — Complete

  • Rick Perry asserted that Texas has benefited from policies of "freedom," which he described as lower taxes, getting rid of government regulations, and cutting spending.

    Douglas LaBier: Are Policies That Serve the Common Good Un-American?

  • You donate money to what you call the lower class.

    A Kettle of Vultures

  • Operations had also disrupted what he called lower and mid-level Taliban commanders.

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Comments

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  • intransitive verb: to be dark and threatening; also lour. noun: an angry or threatening look

    August 1, 2007

  • Take down a peg; glower.

    November 22, 2007