Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Informal See submarine.
  • n. Informal See submarine. See Regional Note at submarine.
  • n. A substitute.
  • intransitive v. To act as a substitute.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A submarine.
  • n. A submarine sandwich—a sandwich made on a long bun.
  • n. A substitute.
  • n. A substitute in a football (soccer) game: someone who comes on in place of another player part way through the game.
  • n. Short for subscription: a payment made for membership of a club, etc.
  • n. A submissive in BDSM practices.
  • n. Short for subtitle.
  • n. A subroutine (sometimes one that does not return a value, as distinguished from a function, which does).
  • n. A subordinate.
  • n. A subaltern.
  • v. To substitute for.
  • v. To work as a substitute teacher, especially in primary and secondary education.
  • v. (soccer) To replace (a player) with a substitute.
  • v. (soccer) Less commonly, and often as sub on, to bring on (a player) as a substitute.
  • v. To perform the work of a subeditor or copy editor; to subedit.
  • v. To lend.
  • v. To subscribe.
  • prep. Under.
  • v. To coat with a layer of adhering material; to planarize by means of such a coating.
  • v. To prepare (a slide) with an layer of transparent substance to support and/or fix the sample.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A subordinate; a subaltern.
  • n. a shortened form of submarine, the boat.
  • n. a shortened form of submarine sandwich; also called hero, hero sandwich, and grinder.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A prefix of Latin origin, meaning ‘under, below, beneath,’ or ‘from under.’
  • n. A subaltern; a subordinate.
  • n. A substitute; specifically, one who is willing to serve as a substitute for a regular compositor on a newspaper.
  • To act as a substitute; specifically, to act as the substitute of another in a composing-room.
  • To subirrigate. See subbing, 2.
  • An abbreviation of subject
  • of substitute
  • of suburb
  • of suburban.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. be a substitute
  • n. a submersible warship usually armed with torpedoes
  • n. a large sandwich made of a long crusty roll split lengthwise and filled with meats and cheese (and tomato and onion and lettuce and condiments); different names are used in different sections of the United States

Etymologies

Shortened form of any of various words beginning sub-, such as submarine, subroutine, substitute, subscription. (Wiktionary)
From Latin sub. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • The term sub-irrigated refers to the high water table that keeps the soil moist much of the year.

    Ecoregions of Wyoming (EPA)

  • We all knew that not all political Gurus are well-versed in economics and the term sub-prime was quite foreign to them.

    An Era of Openness.

  • Sub-primes generally are for those individuals who have poor credit, hence the term sub-prime.

    "Boehner calls bill a 'crap sandwich'..."

  • It is real UMPC, although some computer magazine still us the term sub notebooks like the Sony Vaio.

    Archive 2008-06-01

  • The main forerunner in using the term sub-imperialism about Brazil is the Brazilian economist Ruy Mauro Marini, [13] one of the fathers of the school of dependence.

    CounterPunch

  • The DVM that exposes the super latches use the term sub-latch, sys. dm_os_sublatches.

    MSDN Blogs

  • The term sub prime i guess can be given to the other loans the MMs give out.

    reddit.com: what's new online!

  • Mr. Barnard said the planned sale of the U.S. life business, which he describes as sub-scale and not a very big contributor to group sales, was already widely anticipated.

    Old Mutual to Sell U.S. Units

  • There's a lot of jobs still are open, that have not yet been confirmed at the -- at the very highest levels, what they call the sub-Cabinet positions, because they wanted to wait to get the Cabinet secretaries in place.

    CNN Transcript May 1, 2009

  • This is making a northward turn before it even has a chance to stay on what we call the sub tropical ridge which typically shoots these things to the west.

    CNN Transcript Sep 9, 2009

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