Definitions

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun One who accompanies or associates with another, either habitually or casually; one who shares the lot of another; a mate; a comrade.
  • noun A fellow; a worthless person.
  • noun One who holds the lowest rank in an English honorary order: as, a companion of the Bath (abbreviated C. B.), St. Michael and St. George, etc.
  • A simplified spelling of companion.
  • To be a companion to; accompany.
  • To make equal; put on the same level.
  • noun Nautical: The framing and sash-lights on the quarter-deck or round-house, through which light passes to the cabins and deck below.
  • noun A raised hatch or cover to the cabin-stair of a merchant vessel.
  • To associate or keep company: used with with: as, to companion with vagabonds.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • transitive verb rare To be a companion to; to attend on; to accompany.
  • transitive verb obsolete To qualify as a companion; to make equal.
  • noun One who accompanies or is in company with another for a longer or shorter period, either from choice or casually; one who is much in the company of, or is associated with, another or others; an associate; a comrade; a consort; a partner.
  • noun A knight of the lowest rank in certain orders.
  • noun obsolete A fellow; -- in contempt.
  • noun A skylight on an upper deck with frames and sashes of various shapes, to admit light to a cabin or lower deck.
  • noun A wooden hood or penthouse covering the companion way; a companion hatch.
  • noun (Naut.) a wooden porch over the entrance or staircase of the cabin.
  • noun (Naut.) the ladder by which officers ascend to, or descend from, the quarter-deck.
  • noun (Naut.) a staircase leading to the cabin.
  • noun in certain honorary orders, the members of the lowest grades as distinguished from knights commanders, knights grand cross, and the like.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun A friend, acquaintance, or partner; someone with whom one spends time or keeps company
  • noun dated A person employed to accompany or travel with another.
  • noun nautical The framework on the quarterdeck of a sailing ship through which daylight entered the cabins below.
  • noun nautical The covering of a hatchway on an upper deck which leads to the companionway; the stairs themselves.
  • noun topology A knot in whose neighborhood another, specified knot meets every meridian disk.
  • noun figuratively A thing or phenomenon that is closely associated with another thing, phenomenon, or person.
  • noun astronomy A celestial object that is associated with another.
  • verb obsolete To be a companion to; to attend on; to accompany.
  • verb obsolete To qualify as a companion; to make equal.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun one paid to accompany or assist or live with another
  • verb be a companion to somebody
  • noun a traveler who accompanies you
  • noun a friend who is frequently in the company of another

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Middle English compaignyon, from Old French compaignon, from Vulgar Latin *compāniō, *compāniōn- : Latin com-, com- + Latin pānis, bread; see pā- in Indo-European roots.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle English companion, from Old French compaignon ("companion"), from Late Latin compāniōn- (nominative singular compāniō), from com- +‎ pānis (literally, with + bread), a word first attested in the Frankish Lex Salica as a translation of a Germanic word, probably Frankish *galaibo, *gahlaibo (“messmate”, literally "with-bread"), from *hlaib (“loaf, bread”). Compare also Old High German galeipo ("messmate"), Gothic 𐌲𐌰𐌷𐌻𐌰𐌹𐌱𐌰 (gahlaiba, "messmate"), Old Armenian ընկեր (ənker, "friend", literally "messmate"). More at co-, loaf.

Examples

Comments

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  • Railway telegraphers' shorthand for the phrase "Minimum weight _____ pounds each". --US Railway Association, Standard Cipher Code, 1906. Yours is a little on the heavy side, by the way.

    January 21, 2013

  • Inara Sera: I have to say, this is the first time we've had a preacher on board.

    Book: Well, I wasn't expecting to see a state official either. Ambassador. shakes her hand as Mal laughs. I'm missing something funny.

    Kaylee: Not so funny.

    Inara: Ambassador is Mal's way of—

    Mal: She's a whore, Shep.

    Kaylee: The term is companion.

    - "Serenity," the first episode of Firefly

    December 18, 2007