Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A small Eurasian freshwater fish (Gobio gobio) related to the carp and used for bait.
  • n. Any of various similar or related fishes.
  • n. Slang One who is easily duped.
  • n. A metal pivot or journal at the end of a shaft or an axle, around which a wheel or other device turns.
  • n. The socket of a hinge into which a pin fits.
  • n. A metal pin that joins two pieces of stone.
  • n. Nautical The socket for the pintle of a rudder.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A small freshwater fish, Gobio gobio, that is native to Eurasia.
  • n. Any of various similar small fish of the family Eleotridae, often used as bait.
  • n. An idiot.
  • n. A type of bearing: a circular fitting, often made of metal, which is fixed onto some surface and allows for the pivoting of another fixture.
  • n. Specifically, in a vessel with a stern-mounted rudder, the fitting into which the pintle of the rudder fits to allow the rudder to swing freely.
  • v. To deprive fraudulently; to cheat; to dupe.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A small European freshwater fish (Gobio fluviatilis), allied to the carp. It is easily caught and often used for food and for bait. In America the killifishes or minnows are often called gudgeons.
  • n. What may be got without skill or merit.
  • n. A person easily duped or cheated.
  • n. The pin of iron fastened in the end of a wooden shaft or axle, on which it turns; formerly, any journal, or pivot, or bearing, as the pintle and eye of a hinge, but esp. the end journal of a horizontal.
  • n. A metal eye or socket attached to the sternpost to receive the pintle of the rudder.
  • transitive v. To deprive fraudulently; to cheat; to dupe; to impose upon.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A small European fresh-water fish, Gobio fluviatilis, of the family Cyprinidœ. It is easily caught, and is used for bait. See cut under Gobio.
  • n. Hence A person easily cheated or insnared.
  • n. A bait; an allurement; something used to deceive or entrap a person; a cheat; a lie.
  • Resembling a gudgeon; foolish; stupid.
  • To insnare; cheat; impose on.
  • n. The large pivot of the axis of a wheel.
  • n. In machinery, that part of a horizontal shaft or axle which turns in the collar.
  • n. In ship-building: One of several clamps, of iron or other metal, bolted to the stern-post of a ship or boat for the rudder to hang on.
  • n. One of the notches in the carrick-bits for receiving the metal bushes in which the spindle of a windlass traverses.
  • n. A metallic pin used for securing together two blocks or slabs, as of stone or marble.
  • n. A piece of wood used for roofing.
  • n. Eleotris coxii, a gobioid fish of New South Wales.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. small slender European freshwater fish often used as bait by anglers
  • n. small spiny-finned fish of coastal or brackish waters having a large head and elongated tapering body having the ventral fins modified as a sucker

Etymologies

Middle English gojoun, from Old French goujon, from Latin gōbiō, gōbiōn-, variant of gōbius; see goby.
Middle English gudyon, from Old French gojon, peg, diminutive of goi, gouge, from Vulgar Latin *gubius, variant of Late Latin gubia; see gouge.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English gojune, from Anglo-Norman goujon, from Late Latin, gobionem, accusative of gobio, from Latin gobius ("gudgeon") (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • The ordinary fry is the normal issue of parent fishes: the so-called gudgeon-fry of small insignificant gudgeon-like fish that burrow under the ground.

    The History of Animals

  • "Nothing very wonderful in that," said Jack; "the common gudgeon, which is the stupidest fish to be found in fresh water, would do that much."

    Willis the Pilot

  • Send him me down, or else a _horn_ one, which I believes in desperate; but send me something before Tuesday, and I will send you P.O.O. Horn minnow looks like a gudgeon, which is the pure caseine.

    Alton Locke, Tailor and Poet An Autobiography

  • The little gudgeon was standing woebegone, holding his limp purse.

    The Sky Writer

  • Believe me when I say that I have seen the seamy side of every alley in Town looking for a castaway gudgeon willing to part with his finery.

    Sexy Beast IV

  • They caught eight gudgeon, small bony fish that were good only for soup, but Jenny caught a perch and Rossetti an enormous pike.

    The Wayward Muse

  • The old lady was right; and I swallowed the bait which her Ladyship had prepared to entrap me as simply as any gudgeon takes a hook.

    The Memoires of Barry Lyndon

  • Neckam, as are likewise the lamprey (of which King John is said to have been very fond), bleak, gudgeon, conger, plaice, limpet, ray, and mackerel.

    Old Cookery Books and Ancient Cuisine

  • A chemist perfects a new method of synthesizing rubber, or a mechanic devises a new pattern of gudgeon-pin.

    The Road to Wigan Pier

  • There are not any gudgeon even worth talking about.

    The Witch, and other stories

Comments

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  • You give me such schadenfreudgeon, sionnach!

    September 24, 2009

  • "gudgeon, shchmudgeon!", said the curmudgeon, and stalked out in high dudgeon.

    September 20, 2009

  • The pintle and gudgeon comprise a simple bearing.

    September 20, 2009

  • "To swallow gudgeons before th'are catch'd,
    And count their chickens before ere th'are hatch'd.
    Samuel Butler (1612-1680), Hudibras pt. ii, c.2., line 923.

    September 20, 2009

  • "O my jolly dapper boy, thou hast given us a gudgeon; I hope to see thee Pope before I die."

    -a steward in "Gargantua and Pantagruel"

    April 26, 2009

  • "Two pintles and two gudgeons: fittings for a boat's rudder."
    —Steven Callahan, Adrift, 61

    "A metal socket in which the pintle of a rudder turns freely in either direction."
    A Sea of Words, 222

    See also goodgeon for another (older) usage.

    May 15, 2008