from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.
- noun The act of reduplicating or the state of being reduplicated.
- noun The product or result of reduplicating.
- noun A word formed by or containing a reduplicated element.
- noun The added element in a word form that is reduplicated.
from The Century Dictionary.
- noun The act of reduplicating, redoubling, or repeating, or the state of being reduplicated.
- noun In rhetoric, a figure in which a verse ends with the same word with which the following begins.
- noun In philol.:
- noun The repetition of a syllable (usually a root-syllable), or of the initial part, often with more or less modification, in various processes of word-formation and inflection.
- noun The new syllable formed by reduplication.
- noun In logic, an expression affixed to the subject of a proposition, showing the formal cause of its possession of the predicate: as, “man, as an animal, has a stomach,” where the expression “as an animal” is the reduplication.
- noun In anatomy and zoology, a folding of a part; a folded part; a fold or duplication, as of a membrane, of the skin, etc. Also
- noun In pathology, the repetition of the sequence of symptoms in a case of intermittent malarial fever of double type.
- noun In mech., the principle, in a cord-and-pulley, that the greater the number of turns of the rope in the pulleys, the greater the load that can be lifted by a given pull on the hauling-rope.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- noun The act of doubling, or the state of being doubled.
- noun (Pros.) A figure in which the first word of a verse is the same as the last word of the preceding verse.
- noun (Philol.) The doubling of a stem or syllable (more or less modified), with the effect of changing the time expressed, intensifying the meaning, or making the word more imitative; also, the syllable thus added.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- noun linguistics The act of, or an instance of,
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- noun repetition of the final words of a sentence or line at the beginning of the next
- noun a word formed by or containing a repeated syllable or speech sound (usually at the beginning of the word)
- noun the syllable added in a reduplicated word form
- noun the act of repeating over and again (or an instance thereof)
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
The former has final reduplication, which is absent in the latter; e.g., al-yebeb-in I show (or showed) to him, al-yeb-in I shall show him.
Another phenomenon closely connected with this part of the subject is that of reduplication, which is produced by simply forming in the astral light a perfect mental image of the object to be copied, and then gathering about that mould the necessary physical matter.
Pluperf., and 3d Fut. not only do the same throughout the moods, but also prefix to the _syllabic_ augment the initial consonant of the root ( "reduplication") when this is a simple consonant or a mute followed by a liquid.
Shakespeare delights much in this kind of reduplication, sometimes so as to obscure his meaning.
Shelley’s essay multiplies the terms for this sort of, typically mimetic, representation: "reduplication",
Doesn't the unusual pattern of reduplication in Greek μαρμαίρω marmáirō deserve explanation?
However after the loss of laryngeals, *h₃e-h₃elh₁- /xʷe-xʷelh-/ would tend towards *ōl- and would no longer look like reduplication.
Taken individually, odd reduplication, the appearance of a prothetic a-, *or* a-vocalism of the root doesn't necessarily suggest non-IE origin, I realize.
But business groups say reduplication hurts productivity in many jobs, and can be dangerous in others.
The reduplication of the first syllable is a common way of implying repetitive action, as "to rub or scratch" implies. back