from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The production or condition of polarity, as:
- n. A process or state in which rays of light exhibit different properties in different directions, especially the state in which all the vibration takes place in one plane.
- n. The partial or complete polar separation of positive and negative electric charge in a nuclear, atomic, molecular, or chemical system.
- n. A concentration, as of groups, forces, or interests, about two conflicting or contrasting positions.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. the production, or the condition of polarity
- n. the production of polarized light; the direction in which the electric field of an electromagnetic wave points
- n. the separation of positive and negative charges in a nucleus, atom, molecule or system
- n. the grouping of opinions into two extremes
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The act of polarizing; the state of being polarized, or of having polarity.
- n. A peculiar affection or condition of the rays of light or heat, in consequence of which they exhibit different properties in different directions.
- n. An effect produced upon the plates of a voltaic battery, or the electrodes in an electrolytic cell, by the deposition upon them of the gases liberated by the action of the current. It is chiefly due to the hydrogen, and results in an increase of the resistance, and the setting up of an opposing electro-motive force, both of which tend materially to weaken the current of the battery, or that passing through the cell.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The state, or the act producing the state, of having, as a ray, different properties on its different sides, so that opposite sides are alike, but the maximum difference is between two sides at right angles to each other. This is the case with polarized light.
- n. Less properly, the acquisition of polarity, in any sense. Also spelled polarisation.
- n. The condition thus produced. Thus, in the electrolysis of water polarization of the electrodes takes place, the one becoming coated with a film of oxygen, the other with a film of hydrogen gas. The phrase is most frequently used to describe the process by which the negative plate in a voltaic cell becomes coated with hydrogen, with the result of giving rise to a reverse electromotive force, and thus of weakening the current. On the methods of preventing this, see cell, 8.
- n. In geometry, the passing to or taking the polar: of two polar figures or formulas either results from the other by polarization.
- n. In biology, the replacement or regeneration of lost parts in the axial or stere-ometrical relations which they exhibited before they were lost. See polarity, 1 .
- n. In electricity, the property of acting differently according as the current, electric or magnetic, is in one direction or the opposite direction.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the condition of having or giving polarity
- n. the phenomenon in which waves of light or other radiation are restricted in direction of vibration
Sorry, no etymologies found.
KING: You talk about what you call the polarization back in your district.
This polarization is not likely to dissipate in the near future.
The Politics of polarization is all they have left.
But the biggest polarization is that of the truth.
I love the optical clarity and the polarization is top notch.
Understanding that the two major parties have evolved from ideological entities into sophisticated competing organizations designed to win elections at all levels of government, party unification or polarization is necessary to maintain/enlarge a party base and obtain money for elections.
First, we show that congressional polarization is primarily a function of the differences in how Democrats and Republicans represent the same districts rather than a function of which districts each party represents or the distribution of constituency preferences.
You may be able to quantify polarization in the House, but polarization is more than a numbers game.
Nevertheless, I think that simply analyzing the number of gerrymandered districts and determining whether they add up to more or less polarization is a very narrow way of looking at the problem.
A possible explanation of polarization is that the Republican leadership used its great power to impose party discipline.