from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The act, process, or result of calculating.
  • n. An estimate based on probabilities.
  • n. Careful, often cunning estimation and planning of likely outcomes, especially to advance one's own interests.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. (uncountable) The act or process of calculating.
  • n. (countable) The result of calculating.
  • n. Reckoning, estimate.
  • n. An expectation based on circumstances.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The act or process, or the result, of calculating; computation; reckoning, estimate.
  • n. An expectation based on circumstances.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The act of calculating; the art, practice, or manner of computing by numbers; reckoning; computation: as, to find a result by calculation; the calculation was a difficult one.
  • n. A series of arithmetical processes leading to a certain result.
  • n. An estimate formed in the mind by comparing the various circumstances and facts which bear on the matter in hand.
  • n. The habit of forming mental estimates; a trait or an element of intellectual character which shows itself in the habit of formulating and revolving schemes in the mind, or forecasting the progress or results of an undertaking.
  • n. Synonyms Deliberation, circumspection, wariness, forethought, prudence.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. problem solving that involves numbers or quantities
  • n. the procedure of calculating; determining something by mathematical or logical methods
  • n. planning something carefully and intentionally


Sorry, no etymologies found.



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