from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.
- noun A printing process in which the image to be printed is rendered on a flat surface, as on sheet zinc or aluminum, and treated to retain ink while the nonimage areas are treated to repel ink.
from The Century Dictionary.
- noun The art of making a picture, design, or writing upon stone in such a manner that ink-impressions can be taken from the work, and of producing such impressions by a process analogous to ordinary printing. Lithography was invented by Aloys Senefelder of Munich, about 1796.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- noun The art or process of putting designs or writing, with a greasy material, on stone, and of producing printed impressions therefrom. The process depends, in the main, upon the antipathy between grease and water, which prevents a printing ink containing oil from adhering to wetted parts of the stone not covered by the design. See Lithographic limestone, under
- noun a printing process for reproducing images, using any flat surface, such as a metal plate, in a manner similar to
- noun The process of producing patterns on semiconductor crystals by exposing photosensitive coatings on a matrix, such as silicon, to light patterns in the form desired for the circuit, and subsequently treating (e.g., chemically) the patterns thus formed in such a way as to create integrated semiconductor circuits with the desired properties. This is the principle method (1990's) to create the high-density integrated circuits used in the digital computers on which you are reading this.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- noun The process of
printinga lithographon a hard, flat surface; originally the printing surface was a flat piece of stone that was etched with acid to form a surface that would selectively transfer ink to the paper; the stone has now been replaced, in general, with a metal plate.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- noun a method of planographic printing from a metal or stone surface
- noun the act of making a lithographic print
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
Revolutionary applications of BEC in lithography, nanotechnology and holography appear to be just round the corner.
This branch of lithography, which is nearly dependent on the efforts of the steel engraver, and has been in vogue for many years, principally in England, and of late introduced to this country, where it has met with very great success, is simply the transferring of impressions of engraved plates to stone, and printing from the transfer.
However, that takes us past lithography, which is what Moore’s law is based on.
Given the broad division between composition and presswork, within the composition or 'pre-press' area, right through to about 1970, there was a sharp distinction between typesetting and graphic processes, such as lithography or photo-engraving.
Today's 45nm chips use a type of lithography which is not compatible with the 22 nm process node and that won't scale to such small levels.
Rather than printing them mechanically, the artists of the state news agency hand-stenciled each poster, applying paint instead of ink to produce an eye-grabbing artistic effect and a range of colors that basic lithography couldn't achieve.
Analysts said markets were disappointed by a lack of guidance on future orders, although the Dutch maker of lithography systems for the chip industry reported record fourth-quarter profit, sales and bookings.
The world's largest maker of lithography systems that map out electronic circuits on silicon wafers said net profit for the quarter ended Dec. 31 rose sharply to € 406.8 million $544.5 million from € 50.5 million a year earlier.
ASML, the world's largest maker of lithography systems that map out electronic circuits on silicon wafers, said first-quarter net profit rose to €395 million $571.9 million from €107 million a year earlier.
But he said the structural needs for lithography capacity in 2011 are strong enough that any changes to delivery timings will have no significant impact on the company's revenue expectations.