from The Century Dictionary.
- Producing hydrolysis, or related to the process or results of hydrolysis.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- adjective (Chem.), archaic Tending to remove or separate water; eliminating water.
- adjective (Chem.) of, pertaining to, or accompanied by
- adjective (Physiol. Chem.) an enzyme (formerly referred to as a ferment), which acts only in the presence of water, and which causes the substance acted upon to take up a molecule of water, resulting in the splitting of a chemical bond and often splitting one compound into two. Thus, diastase of malt, ptyalin of saliva, and boiling dilute sulphuric acid all convert starch by hydration into dextrin and sugar. Nearly all of the digestive enzymes are hydrolytic in their action. Since 1910 such an enzyme is usually referred to as a
or hydrolase . hydrolytic enzyme
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- adjective Of, pertaining to, or accompanied by
Sorry, no etymologies found.
Rhodia ChiRex, Boston, Mass., the chiral product and process development arm of the Paris-based chemical giant Rhodia, has recently scaled up to commercial size its capabilities in a chiral process called hydrolytic kinetic resolution.
Substrates are formed by one of three processes: decomposition (hydrolytic breakdown of plant litter, oxidation, fermentation); N mineralization, and photosynthesis and photorespiration.
Moist reddish hydrolytic latosols cover much of the low eastern subtropical forest region.
She writes: "Mild-acid hydrolytic de-polymerization of carageenan affords poligeenan, a mixture of lower molecular weight polysaccharides and oligosaccharide products."
There were increases of 0.55% in organic matter, 0.022% in whole nitrogen, 1.2 mg/100 gt in hydrolytic nitrogen, and 27.7 ppm in effective phosphorus.
Plants that contain both cyanogenic glycosides and an endogenous, hydrolytic enzyme are the most dangerous but broad-spectrum enzymes may be present in other fractions of the diet.
This is done either by using acids or hydrolytic enzymes.
Plants containing both large amounts of cyanogenic glycosides and an endogenous hydrolytic enzyme have the highest potential for toxicity (Maslin et al., 1987), although broad spectrum enzymes present in other fractions of the diet could react with the cyanogenic compounds to release HCN.
In A. robusta, the glycoside was present without the corresponding hydrolytic enzyme.
This was thought to be due to the relatively high oxidative and hydrolytic enzyme activities of these insects.